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GLAZES FROM ... WELL, ALL OVER THE PLACE
best to test test test . This page will act as a store-house of glazes for those interested. It is also a place that I can place all the glazes that I find, so I don't lose those little pieces of paper.

I will post here an ongoing collection of glazes that I have found from books, internet sources, workshops etc. etc. etc. These glazes have not nescessarily been tested by me, so if you have found your way to this page, remember to test test test.

from http://finemessblog.blogspot.com/search/label/Glazes%20and%20Glazing
.via Vince Pitelka:

Killer Tomato Red
Kona F-4 48.2
Flint 25.9
Bone Ash 11.6
EPK 7.1
Magnesium Carb. 7.1
+ Red Iron Oxide 7.1%

Caramel Yellow
Neph Sye 19.0
Flint 17.9
Spodumene 17.8
Dolomite 16.9
G-200 14.3
EPK 14.3
+ Titanium Diox. 8%

Honey Luster
G-200 Feldspar 40.9
Flint 19.1
Talc 14.0
Gerstley Borate 11.5
Dolomite 7.3
Ball Clay 7.2
+ Mang. Dioxide 8

------------------------

Anyway. I got thse from a list Linda Arbuckle published. Hers has approximately 0ne million glazes on it, with notes; but it's hard to read since it's all rtf with no breaks between the recipes. Still, it's a treasure trove. Check it out.

Vert Antique

Cone: 8-10
Color: Vert antique. Medium green
Testing: Tested
Surface: Semi-gloss
Firing: Reduction
Glaze type: Stoneware
Transparency: Opaque
Visual texture: Speckled lightly because of the presence of Rutile
Crystals: None
Bubbles: None
Flow: None
Durability: Good
Recipe:
Custer spar 56.80
Dolomite 13.60
Whiting 10.60
Zinc oxide 3.00
EPK 16.00
Rutile 2.00
Copper carbonate 2.00
Cobalt carbonate 3.00
Comments:
Very interesting "antique" green with speckles darker on dark
burning clays and lighter on light burning clays (VeLriteL de Monsieur
de la Palice). Hum!

KCAI Tenmoku
Glaze name: Tenmoku
Cone: 9
Color: brown to black
Testing: Untested
Surface: shiny, glossy
Firing: reduction
Recipe:
Custer feldspar 56.00
Silica 20.50
Whiting 16.00
Ball clay 7.50
Red iron oxide 8.00
Bentonite 2.16

Wood's Black Slip
Cone: 10
Color: Black
Testing:
Surface:
Firing: Ox. or Red.
Glaze type: Slip
Transparency: Opaque
Recipe:
Redart 50.00
Ball clay 25.00
Manganese dioxide 15.00
black stain 12.00
Black iron oxide 5.00
Comments:
From Ruthann Tudball's "Soda Glazing"

Glaze name: slip UF shop black
Cone: 8-10
Color: Black
Testing:
Surface: unglazed
Firing: Ox. or Red.
Glaze type: Slip
Transparency: Opaque
Recipe:
Redart 40.00
Custer feldspar 20.00
Ball clay 40.00
Red iron oxide 5.00
Cobalt carbonate 2.00
Manganese dioxide 5.00
Chromium oxide 1.00

Slip Nancy's Black Wood/Soda
Cone: 9-10
Color: Black
Testing:
Surface: Unglazed
Firing: Wood
Glaze type: Slip
Transparency: Opaque
Visual texture: None
Recipe:
Gerstley borate 60.00
Mason 6600 black stain 40.00
Comments:
From Nancy Barbour. A bit too patent leather if used on large areas, so
I add a bit of RIO to mellow it. Used at different stage for a
variety of black and grey. Mimicks ink. Thick=black, thin= grey.

This is the list from Linda Arbuckle's posting

Glaze name: Blue lithiumCone: 010-09Color: BlueTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Flint	40.40Soda spar	20.20Cryolite	15.20Lithium carbonate	10.10Bone ash	8.10Kaolin	3.00Copper oxide	3.00Comments:In reduction color is blue turq w/copper luster.Glaze name: Yellow LewisCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionRecipe:Feldspar	35.00Ball clay	22.00Flint	5.00Barium carbonate	25.28Opax	15.00Red iron oxide	6.00Comments:Apply medium to thick.Glaze name: Blue LimestoneCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionRecipe:Kaolin	9.50Whiting	19.00Silica	28.60Feldspar	38.10Barium carbonate	4.80Rutile	4.80Copper carbonate	1.60Cobalt carbonate	1.90Bentonite	2.00Comments:Semi-gloss. Looks good thick,may run where thick.Glaze name: Purple ChunCone: 10Color: Red-purpleTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ChunTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	26.00Flint	29.50Whiting	15.10EPK	1.80Ball clay	5.60Soda ash	7.10Frit 3134	11.30Barium carbonate	4.00Tin oxide	1.10Copper carbonate	0.50Comments:from Linda Arbuckle. Plummy.Glaze name: Matt Strontium Crystal Magic Steven HillCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Strontium mattTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledCrystals: MediumRecipe:Custer feldspar	46.00Whiting	17.30Tile 6 clay	14.90Strontium carbonate	12.60Frit 3124	4.60Lithium carbonate	4.60Titanium dioxide	13.80Bentonite	2.00Comments:Clay Times Jan/Feb 2007 p 53. Steven Hill glaze. White matt w/golden crystals, bestat a hot cone 10Glaze name: #207.3Cone: 8Color: varies - see commentsTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: OxidationRecipe:Nepheline syenite	35.00Dolomite	15.00Whiting	8.00Barium carbonate	8.00EPK	4.00Silica	30.00Bentonite	3.00Comments: submitted by: Kat Neely-Jones source fororiginal recipe: This is a variation on one of Emmanuel Cooper'sglazes, #207. e-mail: SolvejgMa@AOL.COMVariations --Copper carb 3% + Cobalt carb .25% = teal blue with tiny crystals (if soaked ), glossy.Cobalt carb .25% = frosty delft blue, matt surface (why matt??).Copper carb 5% = Forest green, clear and glossy.Manganese 4% + Cobalt .5% = Dark plum,glossy, nearly black where thickest.Glaze name: Albany GlazeCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Albany slip	63.16Cornwall Stone	26.32Whiting	10.53Red iron oxide	5.26Comments:The Albany glaze it's a near twin of (in my kiln anyway) is glaze #23in the appendix of Daniel Rhodes _Clay and Glazes for the Potter-(this book is a good potters' bible) Submitted by: Marcia Kindlmanne-mail: marcia@design.eng.yale.eduGlaze name: Albany Slip substitute Hendley'sCone: 7 - 10Color: brown blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: ox. or red.Recipe:Redart	72.00Whiting	10.00Soda feldspar	8.00Talc	5.00EPK kaolin	5.00Comments:I can tell no difference in Rhodes Black made with this substituteand real Albany Slip. David Hendley Maydelle, Texas See DavidHendley's Pottery Page at http://ww.sosis.com/hendley/davidGlaze name: Alkaline High Fire 1Cone: 9-10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: AlkalineTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Feldspar	62.50Whiting	7.70EPK	5.10Flint	24.60Comments:From David Green's "A Handbook of Pottery Glazes"Alkaline glazes should be good for yellow iron colors.Glaze name: Alkaline high fire 2Cone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: AlkalineTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Feldspar	20.00Cornwall Stone	50.00Whiting	15.00Flint	15.00Comments:From David Green's "A Handbook of Pottery Glazes"Alkaline glazes should be good for yellow iron colors.Glaze name: Alkaline high fire 2 no csCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: AlkalineTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Feldspar	51.71Whiting	16.27Dolomite	0.32Silica	26.89Kaolin - theoretical	6.71Comments:From David Green's "A Handbook of Pottery Glazes"Alkaline glazes should be good for yellow iron colors.Glaze name: Alkaline Lee RexrodeCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: AlkalineTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Barium carbonate	36.60Lithium carbonate	1.10Nepheline syenite	45.60Ball clay	7.20Flint	9.50Comments:From Margaret Bohls: fired cone 9 electricGorgeous satin, slightly sugary surface. Slightly translucent. I use the Base Whiteas a complementary glaze to a shiny white or clear glaze over porcelain, for a"white on white" effect. The chartreuse, although equally gorgeous, fumes like madand may affect glazes next to it on the same pot or in the same area in the kiln,either by turning them green or by making them wrinkle or bubble. Some glazes areunaffected. I isolate this glaze in the kiln.Variations --for chartreuse: 0.5% chrome oxideGlaze name: Alkaline Lee Rexrode SrCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: AlkalineTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Strontium carbonate	27.50Lithium carbonate	1.10Nepheline syenite	45.60Ball clay	7.20Flint	9.50Comments:Gorgeous satin, slightly sugary surface. Slightly translucent. Use the Base Whiteas a complement to a shiny white or clear over porcelain for a "white-on-white"effect.  The chartreuse fules like mad and may affect glazes next to it in thekiln by turning them green or making them wrinkle and bubble. Some glazeunaffected. Isolate this in the kiln.From Margret BohlsVariations --chartreuse 0.5% chrome oxideGlaze name: Amber BarnardCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Barnard clay	33.00Wollastonite	13.00Whiting	15.00Custer feldspar	20.00Gerstley borate	3.00Comments:From Matt LongGlaze name: Amber CeladonCone: 9 - 10Color: Amber, honey, brownTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca SlipGlazeRecipe:Albany Slip	36.00Custer feldspar	22.00Gerstley borate	3.00Wollastonite	14.00Whiting	8.00Flint	14.00EPK	3.00Yellow Ochre	9.00Comments:USE WOLLASTONITE POWDER. Sub. Barnard clay for Albany and its stillamber, but darker and less yellowish. Med=dk amber/brown;thick=blue/black. Over white=honey yellowish. Can go dull matt inplaces. Good functional glaze as liner, etc. Glaze Type: CaSlipGlaze. Opacity: Varies. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Amber Celadon McKenzie SmithCone: 9-10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Wood ash	22.00Whiting	17.00Custer feldspar	41.00Ball clay	4.00Flint	17.00Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Used by Kent McLaughlin.Glaze name: Amber Celadon Nick's OchreCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	26.50Whiting	22.20Flint	25.60Ball clay	25.60Yellow ochre	8.00Comments:Glaze name: Amber Celadon no  AlbanyCone: 9 - 10Color: Amber, honey, brownTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca SlipGlazeRecipe:Kaolin - theoretical	15.00Custer feldspar	28.00Dolomite	4.00Whiting	19.00Silica	30.00Frit 3134	3.00Red iron oxide	3.00Comments:USE WOLLASTONITE POWDER. Sub. Barnard clay for Albany and its stillamber, but darker and less yellowish. Med=dk amber/brown;thick=blue/black. Over white=honey yellowish. Can go dull matt inplaces. Good functional glaze as liner, etc. Glaze Type: CaSlipGlaze. Opacity: Varies. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Amber Celadon no albanyCone: 9 - 10Color: Amber, honey, brownTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca SlipGlazeRecipe:Kaolin - theoretical	12.00Custer feldspar	29.00Dolomite	4.00Whiting	20.00Silica	30.00Frit 3195	5.00Red iron oxide	3.00Comments:USE WOLLASTONITE POWDER. Sub. Barnard clay for Albany and its stillamber, but darker and less yellowish. Med=dk amber/brown;thick=blue/black. Over white=honey yellowish. Can go dull matt inplaces. Good functional glaze as liner, etc. Glaze Type: CaSlipGlaze. Opacity: Varies. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Amber Celadon VC no albanyCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Custer feldspar	19.00Gerstley borate	3.00Dolomite	2.00Wollastonite	9.00Whiting	14.00Redart	29.00Barnard clay	10.00EPK	2.00Flint	10.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Amber Celadon w/Alberta SlipCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Alberta slip	35.50Wollastonite	14.00K-200 feldspar	21.50Gerstley borate	3.20Whiting	7.50EPK	3.20Silica	15.10Yellow ochre	7.50Bentonite	6.50Comments:Glaze name: Amber Gulden'sCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.00Whiting	25.00Flint	25.00Kentucky OM #4	10.00Gerstley borate	3.00Bentonite	2.00Yellow iron oxide	7.00Comments:From Ayumi HorieGlaze name: Amber Gulden's no GBCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:feldspar - theoretical	25.60Whiting	26.60Silica	30.90Kaolin - theoretical	7.70Frit 3124	9.20Bentonite	2.00Yellow iron oxide	7.00Comments:From Ayumi HorieGlaze name: Amber Shaner Celadon ARACCone: 9-10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Albany slip	35.90Wollastonite	14.10EPK	3.30Gerstley borate	3.30Whiting	7.60Flint	14.10Custer feldspar	21.70Yellow ochre	8.70Comments:USE WOLLASTONITE POWDER. Sub. Barnard clay for Albany and its stillamber, but darker and less yellowish. Med=dk amber/brown;thick=blue/black. Over white=honey yellowish. Can go dull matt inplaces. Good functional glaze as liner, etc. Glaze Type: CaSlipGlaze. Opacity: Varies. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Amber Shaner Celadon ARAC AlbertaCone: 9-10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Alberta slip	77.00Gerstley borate	3.00Whiting	14.00Silica	6.00Yellow ochre	8.00Comments:USE WOLLASTONITE POWDER. Sub. Barnard clay for Albany and its stillamber, but darker and less yellowish. Med=dk amber/brown;thick=blue/black. Over white=honey yellowish. Can go dull matt inplaces. Good functional glaze as liner, etc. Glaze Type: CaSlipGlaze. Opacity: Varies. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Amber Shaner Celadon ARAC no albanyCone: 9-10Color: BrownTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:EPK	14.00Dolomite	5.00Whiting	19.00Silica	29.00Custer feldspar	27.00Frit 3134	6.00Yellow ochre	8.00Comments:Good functional glaze as liner, etc. Greenish-brown thin, brown thickGlaze name: Amber stable test 1Cone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Feldspar	47.90Whiting	14.70Strontium carbonate	11.00Kaolin - theoretical	9.80Silica	16.60Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:theoretical amber from stable glaze limits.Glaze name: Amber stable test 2 w/bone ashCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Feldspar	47.70Strontium carbonate	11.00Kaolin - theoretical	9.80Silica	16.50Bone ash	15.10Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:theoretical amber from stable glaze limits.Glaze name: Amber theoretical 3Cone: 10Color: AmberTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Nepheline syenite	34.10Lithium carbonate	2.00Whiting	12.10Strontium carbonate	5.90Kaolin - theoretical	1.20Silica	44.60Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Anderson BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: black to green, blueTesting: Surface: matteFiring: reductionRecipe:Soda feldspar	57.13EPK	14.26Kentucky OM #4	7.18Whiting	21.44Cobalt carbonate	7.18Comments:Matt glaze almost black where thin, army green where thick. Nicecolonial (bluish slate) over white slip Well I finally got around totyping this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all thedonated recipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'llcontinue testing and reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Andreson PearlCone: 10Color: light robin's egg blueTesting: Surface: gloss stableFiring: Recipe:Gerstley borate	13.00Whiting	8.70Zinc oxide	2.20Custer spar	59.40Ball clay	3.80Barium carbonate	13.00Tin oxide	7.60Copper carbonate	0.50Comments:(Can substitute 9-13 Strontnium carb to make it food safe) [Editor'snote - probably Andreson Pearl but originally written 'Amdreson']Nice light robin's egg blue gloss, stable, pretty, unusual, similarto peach blossom but less texture. I use Dave's porcelain fromLaguna. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on the north shore of KauaiGlaze name: Andy Martin's ShowsaverCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentFlow: ModerateRecipe:Barium carbonate	22.90Gerstley borate	3.80Strontium carbonate	13.00Wollastonite	3.40Nepheline syenite	26.90Ball clay	9.50Flint	20.50Comments:Variations --Chartreuse + chrome	      0.5Glaze name: Angel EyesCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:EPK	10.00Whiting	20.00Silica	30.00Potash feldspar	40.00Red iron oxide	3.33Rutile	3.33Comments:Here's an iron blue that I like. Gives a fine hare's fur glossysurface. The glaze has a tendency to settle a bit. We've also playedwith extra rutile and more reduction to increase the depth of theblue. submitted by: Richard Gralnik e-mail: rlg@patuxent.desktalk.comsource for original recipe: El Camino CollegeGlaze name: ash - Fake MartellCone: 10Color: gray?Testing: Surface: runny fake ashFiring: Recipe:Dolomite	8.00Whiting	34.00Potash feldspar	5.00Kaolin	33.00Silica	20.00Comments:Here's one that I formulated and have used for a number of years. Itis best applied by spraying but can be dipped, poured, etc. You haveto work with the thickness to got the desired result. A lightapplication will orange peel like a salt glaze while heavierapplications will run. Too much thickness and you will getblistering. This glaze works well with most oxides. It also worksbest on porcelain or with white slips but don't be afraid to tryanything...you never know. You can get this glaze to work at cone 8and 9 by substituting Ball Clay for Kaolin. You might want to do asub at cone 10 as well to observe the difference. Regards, CraigMartell-OregonGlaze name: ash Benji'sCone: 8-10Color: TanTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: RivuletCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Hardwood ash	16.50Softwood ash	16.50Custer spar	39.00EPK	13.00Whiting	6.00Barium carbonate	5.00Flint	4.00Bentonite	1.00Black iron oxide	1.00Comments: Ashes washed 5 times and 60-mesh sieved Beautiful and reliable ash glaze*How long have you been using this glaze? 3 years*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? From my own experimentation*What do you like most about this glaze? The color and texture*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? No*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Not tested*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Not tested*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft propane,60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at cone/08,then light reductionincreasing with time until the final and total reduction followed bya period of reoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*Any other comments? Often the surface is richly textured most likely by the presence ofwoodash. Benji is my 3 year old neighbor.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Always vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: ash Benji's remixCone: 8-10Color: TanTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: RivuletCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	39.00EPK	13.00Whiting	6.00Barium carbonate	5.00Flint	4.00Ash wood	33.00Bentonite	1.00Black iron oxide	1.00Comments: Ashes washed 5 times and 60-mesh sieved Beautiful and reliable ash glaze*How long have you been using this glaze? 3 years*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? From my own experimentation*What do you like most about this glaze? The color and texture*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? No*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Not tested*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Not tested*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft propane,60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at cone/08,then light reductionincreasing with time until the final and total reduction followed bya period of reoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*Any other comments? Often the surface is richly textured most likely by the presence ofwoodash. Benji is my 3 year old neighbor.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Always vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Ash Blue van GilderCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	5.00Whiting	31.00Tennessee #10	24.00Silica	22.50Dolomite	2.50Ash wood	15.00Red iron oxide	0.80Cobalt carbonate	0.50Comments:From Bill Van Gilder Variations -- grey/Green - add 4 rutile to theblue recipeGlaze name: Ash Cooter GreenCone: 9 - 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Custer feldspar	40.00Wood ash	20.00Comments:Here is the latest glaze in my glaze book. I bought a Dick Cooterbowl (a North Shore, Lake Superior Potter) with it on it and therecipe was a bonus. submitted by: Lee Love e-mail:leelove@mill2.MillComm.COMGlaze name: ash Fake - MartellCone: 10Color: gray?Testing: Surface: runny fake ashFiring: Glaze type: AshVisual texture: RivuletFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Dolomite	8.00Whiting	34.00Potash feldspar	5.00Kaolin	33.00Silica	20.00Comments:Here's one I formulated and have used for a number of years. Itis best applied by spraying but can be dipped, poured, etc. You haveto work with the thickness to got the desired result. A lightapplication will orange peel like a salt glaze while heavierapplications will run. Too much thickness and you will getblistering. This glaze works well with most oxides. It also worksbest on porcelain or with white slips but don't be afraid to tryanything...you never know. You can get this glaze to work at cone 8and 9 by substituting Ball Clay for Kaolin. You might want to do asub at cone 10 as well to observe the difference. Regards, CraigMartell-OregonGlaze name: Ash Fake blueCone: 9-10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireSource: Central Clay--www.cclay.comRecipe:Alberta slip	52.00Whiting	32.00Kentucky OM #4	16.00Cobalt oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:Glaze name: ash fake BP26S Light greenCone: 8Color: light greenTesting: Surface: ash-likeFiring: Visual texture: RivuletRecipe:Potash feldspar	40.00China clay	20.00Dolomite	18.00Talc	8.00Whiting	5.00Zinc oxide	4.00Quartz	5.00Copper carbonate	1.00Comments:re: your request for fake ash glazes here's one that we make calledBP26S Light green 'ash' glaze. The glaze is typically low in silicaand high in the alkaline earths - calcium and magnesia, and of thetype that has a shiny glassy melt within which satiny matt crystalsdevelop. Because it's used by electric kiln potters the light greencolour is given by copper carbonate. If to be used in a reductionfiring one would probably want to take out the copper and put in afew percent of iron oxide. Mike Bailey. Bath Potters' Supplies, UKGlaze name: Ash fake BP26S Light greenCone: 8Color: light greenTesting: Surface: ash-likeFiring: OxidationGlaze type: AshTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	40.00China clay	20.00Dolomite	18.00Talc	8.00Whiting	5.00Zinc oxide	4.00Quartz	5.00Copper carbonate	1.00Comments:re: your request for fake ash glazes here's one that we make calledBP26S Light green 'ash' glaze. The glaze is typically low in silicaand high in the alkaline earths - calcium and magnesia, and of thetype that has a shiny glassy melt within which satiny matt crystalsdevelop. Because it's used by electric kiln potters the light greencolour is given by copper carbonate. If to be used in a reductionfiring one would probably want to take out the copper and put in afew percent of iron oxide. Mike Bailey. Bath Potters' Supplies, UKGlaze name: Ash Felix's GreenCone: 8-10Color: GreenTesting: TestedSurface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Mixed hardwood ash	20.00Dolomite	14.00Silica	20.00Custer spar	20.00Nepheline syenite	14.00EPK	10.00Gerstley borate	2.00Bentonite	2.00Black iron oxide	1.00Comments:Ash washed 5 times and 60-mesh sieved. Reliable mottled green ash glaze. It is amodification of James Chappell's AG-27 (first published in 1977)*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca)Glaze name: Ash Fresca BaseCone: 10Color: TanTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: TranslucentVisual texture: RivuletFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Wood ash	50.00Kentucky OM #4	12.50G-200 feldspar	12.50Silica	12.50Whiting	12.50Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Charlie Teft Nov/Dec. 05 Clay Times p.32. ctefft@guilford.edu.www.ctpottery.com. Ash is unwashed. Dry mix materials, blend w/water, mixw/drill, sieve through window screen. Not recommended for food surfaces. Veryrunny. Apply by spraying for thin coat.Variations --White to tan = rutile 2% + titanium 2% or rutile 4%Yellow to brown = RIO 10%Med blue =  cobalt carb 2% + RIO 1.5%Blue to black = cobalt carb 4.6 + RIO 3 + chrome 1Glaze name: Ash Green CooterCone: 9 - 10Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: saltGlaze type: AshRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Custer feldspar	40.00Wood Ash	20.00Comments:I bought a Dick Cooterbowl (a North Shore, Lake Superior Potter) with it on it and therecipe was a bonus. submitted by: Lee Love e-mail:leelove@mill2.MillComm.COMGlaze name: Ash Hanna's FakeCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: runny fake ashFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Fake ashRecipe:Whiting	30.00Strontium carbonate	10.00Redart clay	60.00Yellow ochre	4.00Comments:My favorite fake ash is called 'Hannah Fake Ash,' though I don't knowthe origin. Great in ^10 Reduction, salt/soda, wood, etc. It lookslike what all the 'old guys' (sorry!) say Lorio's Ash looked beforethe Albany Slip went south and people used hard brick kilns and firedslow and so forth. <g> I love it. Anyroad... You probably don't haveRedart in Australia, either. Do a triaxial blend with any red clay,and two alkaline earth (Ca, Ba, Li, Sr, Mg) providers. You will besurprised at all the glazes you find! Don't need a computer, either.<g> Good luck! steve grimmer carterville illinois grimmer@mychoice.netGlaze name: Ash Honey Doug'sCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: TranslucentVisual texture: RivuletRecipe:Custer feldspar	35.00Wood ash	35.00EPK	15.00Dolomite	15.00Zircopax	5.00Comments:originally specified Charcoal Briquette Ash is that is unwashed.submitted by: June Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Ash Katz FakeCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Barnard slip	55.00Whiting	45.00Comments:My favorite very runny fake ash glaze:*Louis Katz lkatz@falcon.tamucc.edu *Texas A&M University CorpusChristi *6300 Ocean Drive, Art Department *Corpus Christi, Tx 78412*Phone (512) 994-5987Glaze name: Ash Lanman Fake WoodCone: 9 - 10Color: greenish brownTesting: Surface: StreakyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Fake ashTransparency: Semi-opaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	15.00Dolomite	9.00Strontium carbonate	6.75Whiting	30.00Ball clay	18.00Flint	19.00Iron oxide	4.00Comments:Streaks, webs, pulls, like wood ash. Recalculated by Bob Lanman fromthe old Hay's Drippy: Albany 60, Whiting 30, Barium 10 w/ newmaterials. Same look but a little more matt. Beautiful over whitebody, white slip. David Posner says this glaze looks great in oxidationwith Mason stains added.Glaze name: Ash McWhinnie BaseCone: 8 - 10Color: base glazeTesting: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: AshRecipe:Gerstley borate	8.45Magnesium carbonate	1.86Whiting	15.30Wood ash	14.54Custer feldspar	15.55Georgia kaolin	10.91Flint	33.39Comments:For a Cone 6 glaze, Nepheline Syenite can be substituted for theCuster Feldspar. Kevin O'Hara asked about a reliable base formula foran ash glaze. We have been using the glaze base provided by HaroldMcWhinnie in his November 1986 'Ceramics Monthly' article (AMultipurpose Glaze, p. 75). We repeat it below. If you have anyquestions about this glaze, we believe that Harold is now monitoringthe Clayart list regularly. We have experimented with various typesof wood ash. We now use pecan hull ash. Fortunately, we have manypecan trees in the area along with cracking plants that kindly supplyus with the hulls. There is a lot of oil in pecan hulls (includingmany nuts) so they burn hot with very little but fine ash. We do notwash this ash; however, we have found that we must wash other woodash. We experimented with Victoria's Secret ash (burned their ceaselycatalogs) but found it full of trash and required cleaning. John andJudy McCain Palo Pinto Pottery mccain@our-town.comGlaze name: Ash pale greenCone: 10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: TranslucentVisual texture: StriatedRecipe:Feldspar	10.00Whiting	8.00Flint	20.00Ball clay	6.00Kaolin	6.00Albany slip	15.00Ash wood	35.00Zircopax	4.00Comments:From Scott Goldberg. Orig. calls for p spar.Glaze name: Ash Richard's Drip FakeCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: TranslucentFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Custer feldspar	21.50EPK	24.70Silica	8.10Talc theoretical	2.70Whiting	43.00Comments:Fake ash. Very runny rivulet glaze. Apply very thinly. Good for accenting texture,over slip of slip trailing. From Richard Burkett.Glaze name: Ash Tom TurnersCone: 10Color: TanTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: TranslucentVisual texture: RivuletFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Kentucky OM #4	20.00G-200 feldspar	40.00Wood ash	40.00Comments:Clay Times Nov/Dec. 05 p.56. Not for food surfaces. Less runny than Fresca Ash.Can be dipped.  Does run.Variations --cobalt carb 2 RIO 2 Washes can be applied like watercolors. Increases fluidity ofglaze. Often a thin layer of base or rutile-colored glaze sprayed over washes.tan to brown wash: rutile 35% + RIO 35% + gerstley borate 30brown wash: RIO 70% + gerstley borate 30%black wash: Mason 6600 70% + gerstley borate 30%Glaze name: Ash V.C. MixedCone: 9 - 10Color: Yellow to brownTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: Semi-opaqueVisual texture: RivuletFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Custer spar	30.00Ash wood	45.00Yellow ochre	25.00Comments:Always works. Glaze Type: Ca AshGlaze SlipGlaze. Opacity:Semi-opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Ash, fake Donna'sCone: 9Color: AmberTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Fake ashTransparency: TranslucentVisual texture: StriatedCrystals: SmallFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Albany slip	60.00Whiting	30.00Barium carbonate	10.00Rutile	5.00Comments:From Nan SmithVariations --also try +10% rutileGlaze name: Avery Salt Slip - WildCone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: slipFiring: Recipe:Avery kaolin	25.00Grolleg	50.00Calcined kaolin	25.00Comments:Does anyone know of a good substitute for Avery since it is notlonger available or is it? I get a very satisfying orange with thisat cone 10 in a salt fring. Now I've run out and need somesuggestions. kurt wild <kurt.l.wild@uwrf.edu>Glaze name: Avery/Fake Avery SlipCone: 9 - 11Color: tan to brownTesting: Surface: slip or engobeFiring: Recipe:Grolleg	57.00Kentucky OM #4	35.00Nepheline syenite	8.00Comments:I've tried a bunch, and not had much luck until recently. I've beenusing one for a few firings now that I like pretty well; it respondsin an interesting way to different atmospheres and clay bodies. Alittle more inFiring: Some salting is involved in all of the woodfirings I have used this slip in- generally about 1 1/2 - 3 poundsper chamber. These are not super long firings -in the 14-18 hourrange, so a lot of the surface effect comes from the salt rather thanfrom a lot of ash. I have also used it in salt/soda and it lookedgreat-more orange than brown. I haven't used it with a real heavyload of salt but if you try it I'd like yo know how it looks. Mixjust a little on the thin side and its works on bisque just as wellas on geenware I've been working up some variations using Helmerkaolin, but haven't hit one I like yet. If you get a response aboutthe Avery will you pass it along? Thanks- if you try this out let meknow what you think. submitted by: John Anthony e-mail: JTRAX@AOL.comGlaze name: Base 8ACone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Lithium MattFlow: ModerateFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Frit 3110	36.40Lithium carbonate	8.00Barium carbonate	6.80EPK	20.40Flint	28.40Comments:From Ayumi Horie. High alkaline glaze. Runs and crazes. Not good for food surfaces.Variations --water blue +2% cuchartreuse +0.5% chromeGlaze name: Base Ayumi's TuesdayCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.00Whiting	10.00Dolomite	15.00EPK	15.00Flint	10.00Magnesium carbonate	10.00Bone ash	6.00Comments:From Ayumi Horie.Glaze name: Base Ayumi's TuesdayCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.00Whiting	10.00Dolomite	15.00EPK	15.00Flint	10.00Magnesium carbonate	10.00Bone ash	6.00Comments:From Ayumi HorieGlaze name: Base Ayumi's Tuesday recalcCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	28.50Talc	26.50Kaolin - theoretical	15.60Silica	6.80Bone ash	22.60Comments:From Ayumi HorieGlaze name: Base F Ayumi'sCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	36.40Dolomite	11.00Whiting	5.50Strontium carbonate	20.00Soda ash	3.60EPK	18.00Flint	5.50Comments:Bright, mottled, sugary glaze. From Ayumi Horie.Variations --light blue and rust + 1% Cusoft, creamy white + 1% RIOGlaze name: Base GG BohlsCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: OxidationGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Flint	33.50Custer feldspar	23.00Dolomite	14.50Kaolin	12.50Whiting	11.00Barium carbonate	1.00Gerstley borate	4.00Tin oxide	0.50Comments:Shiny translucent to opaque. Nice variations.Yellow-green is a nice complement w/Green sparkle VC matte revised glaze.From Margaret Bohls.Variations --green: copper 3 + vanadium Mason stain 7%yellow-green: copper 1.5 + vanadium Mason stain 9%Glaze name: Base K Ayumi'sCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: AshRecipe:Strontium carbonate	45.00EPK	10.00Flint	10.00Whiting	10.00Talc theoretical	20.00Zinc oxide	5.00Comments:Fake ash glaze. Nice w/stains.From Ayumi Horie.Variations --4% red or 1% yellow irongray/green 8% Cu Carblight blue .25% cobalt carb + 5% titaniumcream/gray .25 CrO + 4% rutileGlaze name: Base Randy'sCone: 6 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Silica	29.70EPK	4.95Soda feldspar	19.80Talc	13.86Gerstley borate	31.68Comments:A very nice base comes from Randy's Red with the iron omitted. Youcan add up to 10% zircopax or other whitener, I would suggest 5% forstarters. Works good with other colorants also. Cobalt carbonate willgive a purple. Very Stable! Rose Downs submitted by: dianna rose downsGlaze name: Base TransparentCone: 10Color: transparentTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Kona Feldspar	36.36Whiting	20.45EPK	11.36Silica	31.82Comments:This glaze does very well with colorants and performs equally well inoxidation or reduction. submitted by: Christine Winokur e-mail:Kickwheel@aol.comGlaze name: Base Val's AACone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: SmallRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Comments:From Ayumi Horie. A satiny classic that produces crystals. Makes any color and takesstains well.Glaze name: Base Val's AA HorieCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Transparency: OpaqueCrystals: SmallRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Comments:From Ayumi Horie. A satiny matt that produces crystals. Makes any color andtakes stains well.Glaze name: Berry Rust (new)Cone: 10Color: brown?Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Silica	25.13EPK	22.69Nepheline syenite	8.61Ferro frit 3134	19.93Bone ash	8.97Talc	14.67Red iron oxide	8.59Comments:Unity (from Insight calculation) CaO 0.49* 8.55% MgO 0.36* 4.51% K2O0.02* 0.46% Na2O 0.14* 2.79% Fe2O3 0.17 8.32% TiO2 0.00 0.06% P2O50.09 3.92% B2O3 0.20 4.37% Al2O3 0.32 10.12% SiO2 3.01 56.90% Cost/kg0.79 Si:Al 9.54 SiB:Al 10.17 Expan 6.43 I just had a look at theBerry Rust glaze tests, the original formula, and the recalculatedfritted formula. They were fired to cone 10 Ox. buy my wife, LindaOwen, in her trusty Skutt Kiln. Thanx Linda! The two glazes arenearly identical. I didn't expect that, but ya never know. Theoriginal formula with gerstley borate has more calcium-borate-ironcrystals floating in the matrix but you really can't see this withouta hand lens. A customer who has purchased pots with the originalformula would be hard pressed to tell the difference. I feel likeI've just taken the Pepsi Challenge!! The tests were fired onporcelain. Four tiles were made of each glaze, eight in all and theseparate formulas were fired side by side in the top, middle, andbottom of the kiln. No significant differences were seen. I mightalso mention that I used English Bone Ash, and not Tri-Calcium Phos.All the tiles were inspected with a hand lens and no crazing wasevident in either formula. A separate set has been fired to cone 10 Rbut won't be available until tomorrow. That's about it for now,e-mail me or post to clayart if I've forgotten to mention anythin,and I probably have...it's my hobby! The formulas and receipes areposted below. Happy testing,.....Craig Martell-Oregonashglaze@teleport.comGlaze name: BerryrustCone: 7 - 10Color: cranberry rust redTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Silica	27.27EPK	18.18Nepheline syenite	18.18Dolomite	9.09Gerstley borate	9.09Talc	9.09Bone ash	9.09Red iron oxide	9.09Comments:Use Pure Red Iron Oxide . This glaze gives a fairly intense cranberryrust in the cone 7-10 range and is quite consistent in its results.Every once in a while, when the glaze is thicker than normal, a palebut distinctive green (a little like a pale chrome green) begins tofloat on the surface. Any suggestions as to why? In addition, inreference to an earlier note about the changing reds over time, Ithink this red becomes somewhat brighter (and more red) the older theglaze is. I don't yet use a lot of it so it sits for quite a while(3-5 months). submitted by: Bob Kavanagh e-mail:bkav@VAX2.CONCORDIA.CAGlaze name: Black #1223 GlossyCone: 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Barium carbonate	2.50Whiting	16.00Custer feldspar	49.50OM-4 Ball Clay	10.00Silica	22.00Chrome oxide	1.28Cobalt oxide	4.93Manganese dioxide	2.46Red iron oxide	4.96Comments:submitted by: June M. Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Black #27Cone: 9 - 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	43.16Dolomite	12.63Whiting	2.11Tennessee #5 Ball Clay	7.37Silica	34.74Iron Oxide	6.00Rutile	4.00Comments:submitted by: June M. Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Black (from Dennis Olson)Cone: 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Dolomite	5.00Whiting	6.00Soda feldspar	67.00EPK kaolin	5.00Flint	17.00Cobalt carbonate	3.00Red iron oxide	4.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Thought I would send this recipe Jeremy requested out to the wholegroup. It's a very nice gloss black glaze. I acquired the recipe fromDennis Olson who used this quite extensively with masking andsandblasting which resulted in a nice high fire black on blacksurface. Good luck! Rafael rafael molina-rodriguez <rmr3431@dcccd.edu>Glaze name: Black B V.C.Cone: 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin-MattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Mg Ca SlipGlazeTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Albany slip	65.00Nepheline syenite	15.00Barium carbonate	10.00Talc	10.00Chrome oxide	1.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt oxide	1.00Iron oxide	4.00Comments:A rich black satin mat with speckles. Glaze Type: Mg Ca SlipGlaze.Opacity: Opaque . Firing type: Ox or Red From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Black BarnardCone: 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: dry matteFiring: ReductionRecipe:Barnard clay	88.00Nepheline syenite	12.00Cobalt oxide	1.50Comments:(I call it Steves Black because Steve Dominguez gave it to me) Theglaze made in this manner is a rather dry black surface, but nice.Increas e the Neph. Sy. as you wish to reduce the dryness andincrease the smooth quality of the glaze surface. This glaze worksvery well in salt firing as well as red. fire and is especially niceover a white clay body in salt. Only a thin glaze application isnecessary for coverage. I hope this glaze works well for you. DavidCuzick Claycuzian@aol.comGlaze name: Black breaking blueCone: 8 - 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	32.70Silica	32.70Whiting	15.40Kentucky OM #4	9.60EPK	9.60Red iron oxide	8.00Cobalt carbonate	3.80Comments:The only black I see in Coleman's recipe book that mentions breakingblue ^8-10 reduction Shiny jet black with a slight metallic surface.If it is used thinly over a light colored stoneware or porcelain itwill tend to break blue over edges. It will shift slightly at cone10. joyce lee, jim lee <meunier@ridgecrest.ca.us>Glaze name: Black Brouillard CharcoalCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	34.00Ball clay	11.00Custer spar	24.00Dolomite	8.00Flint	8.00Whiting	4.00Zircopax	2.00Black Mason Stain	4.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:From Ruthann Tudball's "Soda Glazing"Glaze name: Black Charlie D ManganeseCone: 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: satinFiring: reductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	20.00Kona F-4 feldspar	20.00Whiting	2.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	13.00Ball clay	10.00Flint	20.00Bentonite	2.00Manganese dioxide	4.00Comments:then add 2% Bentonite and 4% Manganese (In particular, lately I'vewanted to use a reliable cone 10 black satin/waxy glaze, in case youknow of one.) Eric, you might like to try Charlie D Manganese. I'veseen it used successfully at the 92nd Street Y in the gas kiln, cone10, reduction for more years than it would be discreet to say: Hopeyou enjoy it, Jaine in CresskillGlaze name: Black H38-40 Sondahl GlossCone: 8 - 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: oxidationTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Dolomite	8.49Custer feldspar	23.28Nepheline syenite	8.79Kaolin	13.69Flint	16.18Kona F-4 spar	16.68Wollastonite	6.69Bone ash	1.50Whiting	4.70Red iron oxide	1.50Cobalt carbonate	2.30Copper carbonate	2.30Comments:So here's a black glaze I've just developed, and I hereby throw tothe sharks It's probably unnecessarily complicated because it's ahybrid of two other glazes. I think I'd rather have more RIO thanCobalt, due to cost, but it's hard to knock success, and it breaks toa nice blue when white is over it. -- Also, it wouldn't surprise me abit if the bone ash is superfluous The recent posts on foodsafe blackhave prompted me to state my own opinion on black glazes. I thinkblack glazes need not be avoided totally for foodware, but commonsense argues that some blacks are better than others. If the baseglaze doesn't leach harmful chemicals, then one must concentrate oncombinations of oxides to produce the color with the least toxicity.Though I've never seen an authoritative ordered list of nastychemicals, Red Iron Oxide, Cobalt Carb, and Copper Carb seem safer tome than Manganese Dioxide, Nickel, Cadmium, and Chrome. From an oldLaurel's Kitchen cookbook, I read that Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese,Cobalt, Chromium, Nickel, Tin, and even Vanadium are all traceminerals essential for animals. I assert that most glazes releasetraces at best of these minerals. However, we are caught in a worldwhich can measure in Parts per Billion, and all kinds of things looksignificant at that level. I sometimes wonder how long the ozoneholes at the poles existed before we had the means to ascertain theirexistence. Brad Sondahl http://www.camasnet.com/~asondahlContributing to the potluck of the WWWGlaze name: Black Hendley's RhodesCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:Minspar Soda Feldspar	57.00EPK	9.00Redart	25.00Dolomite	6.50Whiting	2.50Red iron oxide	5.00Manganese dioxide	3.70Cobalt oxide	1.30Comments:This glaze is well balanced and has plenty of silica, but with allthose metals, I don't use it on food surfaces. My 'Rhodes Black' isquite different than yours. I've modified it over the years. It usesmuch less cobalt, and manganese and iron take up the slack. I'vetried cutting back even farther on cobalt, but this seems to be theminimum. I use and like 3 pound coffee can for materials that areused in small quantities. Because of the wide opening, so you caneasily scoop out material with a scoop. David Hendley Maydelle, TexasSee David Hendley's Pottery Page at http://ww.sosis.com/hendley/davidGlaze name: Black Hendley's RhodesCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:Minspar Soda Feldspar	57.00EPK	9.00Redart	25.00Dolomite	6.50Whiting	2.50Red iron oxide	5.00Manganese dioxide	3.70Cobalt oxide	1.30Comments:This glaze is well balanced and has plenty of silica, but with allthose metals, I don't use it on food surfaces. My 'Rhodes Black' isquite different than yours.  David Hendley Maydelle, TexasSee David Hendley's Pottery Page at http://ww.sosis.com/hendley/davidGlaze name: Black Kelly Cowan'sCone: 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Dolomite	20.00Soda feldspar	42.00EPK	18.00Flint	20.00Bentonite	1.00Red iron oxide	3.50Chrome oxide	3.50Manganese dioxide	3.50Comments:Stable semimatt black. You can reduce the cobalt and increase theother metals to save some $$. I use Dave's porcelain from Laguna.Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on the north shore of Kauai * INFORMATION FOR GLAZEBASE * (Please fill in whatever information you can -    if you don't know, leave blank, or delete question) * How long have you been using this glaze? * Where is it used? (name of studio/school) * Where did this recipe come from?(name of person/book/etc. and approximate date) * What do you like most about this glaze? * Is this glaze reliable? * Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.?What conditions encourage the flaws?How do you avoid them? * How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? * How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? * What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping?(Give specific gravity if known.) * Do you experience problems with the raw glaze?(rapid settling, pudding consistency, mold, evil smell, etc.)Do you know a cure for the problem? * How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? * How does this glaze interact with other glazes?Can you suggest some good combinations? * Kiln type and size - * Firing data (heat/cooling ramps, soak time, reduction) - * Water pH - * Your name and email address -Glaze name: Black LorettaCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	16.67Albany Slip Clay	83.33Cobalt Oxide, Black	5.55Comments:We use a glaze that looks exactly as you describe. it is a ^10 glazethat can be used in either reduction or oxidation. It looks metallicand satiny only in reduction, though. It is extremely stable and verydependable... Its a great glaze. It even matures as early as ^6. Ofcourse its an Albany glaze. submitted by: Becky Shope e-mail:rashope@iglou.comGlaze name: Black MatteCone: 9Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	42.00Dolomite	15.00Whiting	10.00EPK	23.00Flint	10.00ochre	6.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Chromium oxide	1.00Comments:From Sam Chung.Glaze name: Black McKensie DecorativeCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Talc	5.00Soda feldspar	42.00Calcined kaolin	13.00Ball clay	8.00Whiting	15.00Silica	17.00Cobalt carbonate	1.20Chrome oxide	2.20Iron oxide	10.00Manganese dioxide	3.00Comments:Note - make sure you add the black stain, which cannot be listed in the regular ingredients, or the program won't calculateVariations --Black Stain	      5Glaze name: Black MirrorCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Barnard clay	9.45Custer feldspar	49.60Whiting	15.35Barium carbonate	2.36Flint	23.24Manganese dioxide	2.36Cobalt oxide	3.54Chrome oxide	1.18Red iron oxide	4.72Comments:Here is a Mirror Black recipe but with barium, manganese and chrome Idon't think you'd call it non-toxic...Strontium might sub for Bariumokay (.75/1) but not sure what about the chrome and manganese...Mishy Michelle Lowe, potter in the Phoenix desert \|/ |mishlowe@indirect.com -O- | | mishlowe@aztec.asu.edu /|\ | | | |_|_|http://www.amug.org/~mishlowe ____ | -\ /-----|----- ( ) <__>------------------------------Glaze name: Black Noir Lindo GlossCone: 8-10Color: BlackTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:G-200 spar	45.30Whiting	19.30Flint	11.60EPK	24.00Zinc oxide	5.00Rutile	3.00Tin oxide	2.00Cobalt oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	8.00Manganese dioxide	3.00Comments: Pitch-black "t?te de n?gre" glossy glaze. The description is fromthe author but he does not mean to offend anyone*How long have you been using this glaze?  20 years*Where did this recipe come from? Michel Lemire M.F.A., Trois-Rivi?res, Qu?bec. Michel had a lot to dowith the founding of the Canadian "National Biennial of Ceramics".*What do you like most about this glaze?  Great glossy black glaze*Is this glaze reliable?  Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.?  No*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping?  Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot?  Medium*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft, propane, atmospheric and 60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire?Oxidation until clay reduction at cone/08.then light reductionincreasing with time until the final total reduction of 20 minutesfollowed by a period of reoxidation of the same length*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.caGlaze name: Black perfectCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: ReductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	42.00Whiting	13.00Zinc oxide	12.00Soda ash	3.00Kaolin	8.00Silica	22.00Iron oxide	4.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Chrome oxide	4.00Comments:Glaze name: Black Peter's MetallicCone: 5 - 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	78.84Colemanite	10.69Whiting	5.51EPK	4.96Copper carbonate	4.19Manganese dioxide	4.19Cobalt carbonate	2.09Comments:A really great glossy black. from Michelle Lowe, potter in thePhoenix desert mishlowe@indirect.com mishlowe@aztec.asu.eduGlaze name: BLACK SATINCone: 9 - 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	20.00Custer feldspar	20.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	13.00Whiting	2.00Ball clay	10.00Flint	20.00Iron oxide	3.00Cobalt oxide	2.00Manganese dioxide	1.00Chrome oxide	3.00Comments:a very nice, stable, satinycone 9-10 reduction black satin glaze. gail dapogny in ann arbor (still norain.....) james dapogny <jdapogny@umich.edu>Glaze name: BLACK SATIN MATT V.C.Cone: 10Color: blackTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: MgTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4  Spar	20.00Custer feldspar	20.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	13.00Whiting	2.00Ball clay	10.00Flint	20.00Chrome oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	3.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt oxide	3.00Comments:Use granular Mn 80 mesh if you want silvery looking specks.Formulated as an Albany-free replacement for Black Satin Doll. TestedEAC Summer '91 VC edGlaze name: Black Shige'sCone: 9-10Color: BlackTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueDurability: GoodRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	67.00Whiting	6.00Dolomite	5.00EPK	5.00Silica	17.00Red iron oxide	5.00Cobalt carbonate	3.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Reliable black with a silvery sheen. UF shop glaze.Glaze name: Black Sloan'sCone: 10Color: charcoal blackTesting: UntestedSurface: satin mattFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	43.10Whiting	18.40Silica	11.00Kaolin	22.80Zinc oxide	4.70Tin oxide	1.90Rutile	2.90Cobalt oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	7.60Comments:Here is a cone 9-10 black glaze recipe that has no name but lookslike what you describe; irridescent, satin charcoal black inreduction; like a black pearl. I acquired this glaze 25 years ago &if I had a gas kiln this would still be my favorite glaze. submittedby: Anne Fallis-Elliott, NYC e-mail: FallisT@aol.comGlaze name: Black Sloan'sCone: 10Color: charcoal blackTesting: UntestedSurface: satin mattFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	43.07Whiting	18.41Silica	11.01Kaolin	22.77Zinc oxide	4.74Tin oxide	1.90Rutile	2.85Cobalt oxide	0.95Red iron oxide	7.59Comments:Here is a cone 9-10 black glaze recipe that has no name but lookslike what you describe; irridescent, satin charcoal black inreduction; like a black pearl. I acquired this glaze 25 years ago &if I had a gas kiln this would still be my favorite glaze. submittedby: Anne Fallis-Elliott, NYC e-mail: FallisT@aol.comGlaze name: Black Sloan's  revisitedCone: 10 - 11Color: blackTesting: Surface: satin to glossFiring: Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	45.85Flint	24.45Whiting	14.19Ball clay	8.73Borax	4.59Zinc oxide	2.18Cobalt oxide	5.02Red iron oxide	3.28Chrome oxide	1.09Comments:----------------------------Originalmessage---------------------------- You probably got the recipealready considering how long it takes me to research it, but here isthe one that we use at the school. Note that this recipe is set forlarger batches and all quantities are in grams. Good Luck Sorry Iforgot the particulars. And since I have neglected ( because I wasmovingwhile working full time) to keep up with the group, I am nowlooking at 802 messages, many of which I will not read and will haveto pick up the new threads as they come along. It is also why thisresponse is not more timely. Sloan's Black is a cone 10 glaze; as Iam sure that Vince or someone in this group has subsequently pointedout. At (10) the glaze is a thick rich black with a silvery surfacefinish. At (11) it is a very nice glossy black of the same thicksubstance. Dave Durnford Box 2145 Missoula, Montana 59806 Universityof Montana Art Department Durnford@selway.umt.eduGlaze name: Black Sloan's revisitedCone: 10 - 11Color: blackTesting: Surface: satin to glossFiring: Recipe:Custer spar	45.85Flint	24.45Whiting	14.19Ball clay	8.73Borax	4.59Zinc oxide	2.18Cobalt oxide	5.02Red iron oxide	3.28Chrome oxide	1.09Comments:ote that this recipe is set forlarger batches and all quantities are in grams. Sloan's Black is a cone 10 glaze; as Iam sure that Vince or someone in this group has subsequently pointedout. At (10) the glaze is a thick rich black with a silvery surfacefinish. At (11) it is a very nice glossy black of the same thicksubstance. Dave Durnford Box 2145 Missoula, Montana 59806 Universityof Montana Art Department Durnford@selway.umt.eduGlaze name: Black St John'sCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: ReductionRecipe:Albany slip	75.00Nepheline syenite	25.00Cobalt carbonate	5.00Comments:Glaze name: Black St John's Brian'sCone: 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueFlow: SlightRecipe:Nepheline syenite	25.05Dolomite	8.53Soda ash	0.05Whiting	3.59Custer feldspar	3.18Redart clay	43.82EPK	2.41Silica	13.36Cobalt carbonate	5.01Rutile	0.21Comments:The originalrecipe that I have is: Albany Slip 75 Neph Sy 25 Cobalt Carb 5 SinceI haven't had a source for Albany, I incorporated the glaze with anAlbany substitute formula out of CM: If this is not fired properly,it boils in an enclosed container, but in my copper firings it alwaysseems to turn out. It turns a dark, cobalt blue over white baseglazes. It never breaks brown. good luck submitted by: Brian Vothe-mail: bvoth@southwind.netGlaze name: Black St John's by Brian VothCone: 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	25.05Dolomite	8.53Soda ash	0.05Whiting	3.59Custer feldspar	3.18Redart clay	43.82EPK	2.41Silica	13.36Cobalt carbonate	5.01Rutile	0.21Comments:I use St. John's Black. It sounds like something that would work foryou. It is very stable as far as flowing is concerned. The originalrecipe that I have is: Albany Slip 75 Neph Sy 25 Cobalt Carb 5 SinceI haven't had a source for Albany, I incorporated the glaze with anAlbany substitute formula out of CM: If this is not fired properly,it boils in an enclosed container, but in my copper firings it alwaysseems to turn out. It turns a dark, cobalt blue over white baseglazes. It never breaks brown. good luck submitted by: Brian Vothe-mail: bvoth@southwind.netGlaze name: Black St. John's Alberta SlipCone: 9Color: BlackTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Alberta slip	80.00Nepheline syenite	20.00Cobalt oxide	5.00Comments:From Margaret Bohls. Fired cone 9 electric.Very shiny black in oxidation, slightly metallic in reduction. I use this as a linerfor most things, but not with the Rexrode glazes as it sometimes shows up throughthem if the pot is too thin, or if I've dripped it on the outside of the pot andwiped it off before glazing the outside. For pots with light colored glazes on theoutside, I use a shiny white liner.Glaze name: Black SuperCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	34.00Whiting	16.00Silica	34.00EPK	20.00Iron oxide	6.00Copper carbonate	5.00Comments:Glaze name: Black TenmokuCone: 9 - 10Color: brown to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: glossy shinyFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	57.14Whiting	15.38Kaolin	6.59Silica	20.88Red iron oxide	9.89Comments:This glaze fires to a deep black breaking to red on rims at cone 10.The following ar two Tenmoku's that I have used with continuedsuccess. David Stuchbery School of Art & Design Ph (054) 447-279 LaTrobe University, Bendigo d.stuchbery@bendigo.latrobe.edu.auGlaze name: Black V.C. SatinCone: 9-10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	20.00Kona F-4 feldspar	20.00Flint	20.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	13.00Kentucky OM #4	10.00Whiting	2.00Red iron oxide	3.00Cobalt oxide	3.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Green chrome oxide	1.00Comments:From Peter BeaseckerGlaze name: BlacksmithCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: untestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: DolomiteTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	51.40Dolomite	17.10Whiting	2.90EPK	28.60Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt carbonate	3.00Green chrome oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	4.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Erin Hayes via ClayArt. Formulated by Tony Holmes. The glaze is alovely pitch-black satin. One of those textures you want to pick up andfondle. Apply a little on the heavy side.Glaze name: Blanc cendr?Cone: 8-10Color: Cream whiteTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: Lightly speckledCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	30.00Hardwood ash	30.00Flint	30.00Ball clay	10.00Ultrox	15.00Comments: Beautiful cream white. It is not pure white due to the impuritiescontained in the wood ash even if the amount of Ultrox is very high.The harwood ash was washed 5 times and 60 mesh-sieved. The glaze baseis the same as Bass Bleu. .*How long have you been using this glaze? One year*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? My own experimentation*What do you like most about this glaze? The color that is original.*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? No surface flaws*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Not tested*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft. propane, atmospheric and 60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at c/08,then light reductionincreasing with time until the final total reduction followed by aperiod of reoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouarb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Plain vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Blanc de MichelCone: 8-10Color: Satin whiteTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	36.00Spodumene	14.00Whiting	25.00Colemanite	5.00EPK	20.00Zircopax	5.00Comments: Reliable satin white*How long have you been using this glaze? 20 years*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? Michel Lemire M.F.A.,Trois-Rivi?res, Quebec.*What do you like most about this glaze? Its reliability, color and satin surface*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? It has no surface defects*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Not tested*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Well*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft, propane atmospheric and 60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at cone 08, then light reductionincreasing with time until the final total reduction followed by aperiod of reoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Always vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Blanc Julien Glac?Cone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	62.50Ball clay	5.68Spodumene	9.09Whiting	17.04Zinc oxide	5.68Zircopax	12.00Comments: Beautiful white gloss*How long have you been using this glaze? 28 years*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? Julien Cloutier, my first teacher of ceramics, Quebec City*What do you like most about this glaze? Reliable white gloss that accepts glaze trailing with contrastingcolored glazes very well.*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? It has no surface defects*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Not tested*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft, propane, 60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at cone/08, then light reductionincreasing with time until the total final reduction, followed by aperiod of reoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Still vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Blatant BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: deep blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Flint	32.65Whiting	19.39G-200 feldspar	27.55Kentucky OM #4	20.41Cobalt carbonate	2.04Comments:from Ellen Baker Rich glossy deep blue. no crazing (although it'shard to tell with such a deep blue) Well I finally got around totyping this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all thedonated recipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'llcontinue testing and reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Bleached AlbanyCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireRecipe:Alberta slip	64.00Whiting	20.00EPK	16.00Comments:Froom Sam Chung.Glaze name: Bleu BassCone: 8-10Color: Deep blueTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	30.00Hardwood ash	30.00Flint	30.00Ball clay	10.00Ultrox	15.00Cobalt oxide	5.00Comments: Ash washed 5 times and 60-mesh sieved Beautiful deep blue ash glaze*How long have you been using this glaze? 1 year*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? From my own experimentation*What do you like most about this glaze? Its deep blue shiny color*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? If applied too thick it may pinhole a little bit*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? It is always fired at cone 8-10 in reduction*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium consistency*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium coat*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Not tested*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft propane and 60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Clay reduction at cone/08, then slight reduction increasing withtime until the final total reduction, followed by a period ofreoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*Any other comments? Glaze named by my colleagues as "Bass Bleu" - Bass having been mynickname since my teen years, Bass is also the name that I use tosign my pots.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Bleu textur?Cone: 8-10Color: Blue texturedTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	38.50Whiting	16.00Strontium carbonate	5.00EPK	19.70Flint	15.10Rutile	4.50Cobalt carbonate	2.40Comments: It is a variation of James Chappell's SG-187 (copyright 1977). Titanium dioxideis replaced by Rutile for darker more richly textured glaze.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium. Even applied very thick it does not run.*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium to thick.Glaze name: Blue  Carlton Mottled revisedCone: 9 - 10Color: rutile blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	43.72EPK	1.87Flint	28.25Whiting	2.70Gerstley borate	9.14Dolomite	9.14Zinc oxide	1.77Strontium carbonate	3.43Tin oxide	2.70Rutile	4.15Copper carbonate	0.52Bentonite	3.12Comments:Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue AldrichCone: 9Color: blueTesting: Surface: semi-matteFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	38.00Dolomite	17.00Whiting	6.00EPK	22.00Silica	17.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Rutile (powdered)	2.00Rutile (granular)	1.00Comments:I have used the same blue semimat glaze (surface rutile crystals),cone 9 electric, for 20 years. I use it on EVERYTHING.This glaze will go shiney if overfired. CindyAldrich Durham, NC aldric3@IBM>NETGlaze name: Blue AndersonCone: 9 - 10Color: black to green, blueTesting: Surface: matteFiring: reductionRecipe:Soda feldspar	57.10EPK	14.30Kentucky OM #4	7.20Whiting	21.40Cobalt carbonate	7.20Comments:Matt glaze almost black where thin, army green where thick. Nicecolonial (bluish slate) over white slip. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue c10Cone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionRecipe:Cornwall Stone	20.40Kona F-4	26.50Whiting	9.20Dolomite	10.20Talc	6.10EPK	4.10Calcined kaolin	15.30Flint	8.20Bentonite	2.00Cobalt carbonate	0.50Comments:Glaze name: Blue Carlton MottledCone: 9 - 10Color: lavender to blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledRecipe:G-200 feldspar	43.70EPK	1.90Flint	28.30Whiting	2.70Gerstley borate	9.10Dolomite	9.10Zinc oxide	1.80Strontium carbonate	3.40Tin oxide	2.70Rutile	4.20Copper carbonate	0.50Bentonite	3.10Comments:Heavy texture glossy glaze. Lavender to blue over whiteslip. Nice rutile blue where thick breaking to brown.All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed with a thick coatingof Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped inthree thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired toa (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK.  Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Chun GlazeCone: 9 - 10Color: pale blueTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	54.80Whiting	13.70Bone ash	1.40Barium carbonate	2.70Silica	27.40Red iron oxide	1.10Comments:This glaze has to be fired as you would fire a copper red glazeotherwise you will not get the beautiful colour and texture. If theglaze is clear then you are not applying it thick enough. Also, Iguess I should mention that it should be fired to cone 9-10.Hopefully it works for you as it has for me. Happy testing! submittedby: Craig Pearce e-mail: i931009@redgum.ucnv.edu.auGlaze name: Blue Cobalt MidnightCone: 9 - 10Color: dark blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Flint	31.00Whiting	20.00G-200 feldspar	33.00EPK	14.00Spodumene	2.00Cobalt carbonate	7.00Comments:from Ellen Baker Very deep dark glossy blue All theglazes were tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed with a thick coatingof Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped inthree thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired toa (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue CoolCone: 8 - 9Color: grey blueTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	28.00Dolomite	12.00Whiting	7.00Barium carbonate	6.00Lithium carbonate	1.00EPK	10.00Silica	36.00Bentonite	3.00Copper carbonate	2.00Cobalt carbonate	0.25Comments:The color isa cool grey-blue that pools darker, especially in carved areas. Kat Neely-Jones e-mail: SolvejgMa@aol.comGlaze name: Blue Dark GlossCone: 10Color: dark blueTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: reductionRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	44.00Silica	28.00Whiting	18.00Kaolin	10.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:Here is a recipe for a reliable glossy dark blue. I have fired it ingas and wood and it works well either way. submitted by: DebbieVacchi e-mail: DebbieArt@aol.comGlaze name: Blue Dark ShinyCone: 9Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.30Flint	21.50Whiting	14.10Ball clay	3.40Cornwall Stone	20.70Cobalt carbonate	2.50Copper carbonate	4.00Comments:Corinne Null Bedford,NH cnull@mv.mv.comGlaze name: Blue DunhamCone: 9 - 10Color: brown black to deep blue breaking orangeTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	43.20Whiting	12.00EPK	6.90Strontium carbonate	12.00Flint	25.90Copper carbonate	0.40Rutile	4.40Iron oxide	4.40Comments:from Bob Santerre glossy black brown. Almost looks like temoku butvery deep blue where it pools.  All the glazes weretested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One sideof the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Emily'sCone: 8Color: BlueTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	33.30Gerstley borate	17.70OM-4 Ball Clay	15.60Talc	13.50Silica	13.50Dolomite	6.30Zircopax	4.20Cobalt carbonate	3.10Comments:submitted by: Rick Malmgren e-mail: r-malmgren@sjcaeduGlaze name: Blue Goodrich MediterraneanCone: 9 - 10Color: teal blue to blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	33.30Whiting	25.00Kentucky OM #4	12.50Flint	25.00Zinc oxide	4.20Cobalt carbonate	5.00Chrome oxide	2.50Comments:from Don Satin smooth gloss. Deep teal (thick) to black(thin)  All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller clay whichis a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed witha thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glazewas dipped in three thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tileswere fired to a (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Bodyreduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox.before shutdown. Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I usedG-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of theamount of Barium with Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember...glazes don't travel well. Your results will probably be TOTALLYdifferent. Please test before use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922email: saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Green Glossy DeepCone: 9 - 10Color: deep teal blueTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Whiting	23.30G-200 feldspar	27.20EPK	19.20Flint	27.30Zinc oxide	3.00Chrome oxide	0.30Cobalt carbonate	1.40Comments:Deep teal over stoneware deep blue with slip. Satin to almost gloss glaze Any timepotash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd.Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue green Satin Mat Clemson UCone: 9 - 10Color: blue greenTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: Recipe:G-200 feldspar	38.69Whiting	20.10EPK	20.10Flint	15.08Rutile (light)	6.03Cobalt carbonate	1.01Comments:This is a Blue to Green Satin mat that has alot of nice qualities youmight enjoy. Thin its green and when doubledipped its soft light blue. It also takes other oxides well, is food safe and stays insuspension. Good Luck, Mike Vatalaro in Clemson vatalam@clemson.eduGlaze name: Blue Green V&OCone: 9 - 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Whiting	19.60Flint	32.90EPK	20.00G-200 feldspar	27.50Yellow ochre	2.00Comments:also from Alfred Looks like a pretty typical celedon to me.. glossywith no crazing All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. tracywilson <saltbox@ime.net> Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd.Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email:saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Hennessy RevisedCone: 9 - 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:K-200 feldspar	44.00Wollastonite	20.00Dolomite	4.00Grolleg	12.00Flint	20.00Red iron oxide	5.00Comments:This glaze was revised by VC. The theory here is that wollastonite iscloser to the Ca source that the Chinese used (calcined chells for CaOplus high K2O) - no carbonates in wollastonite.Glaze name: Blue Jeff's LongbeachCone: 9 - 10Color: gray/blueTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Whiting	19.49Custer feldspar	63.55EPK	16.96Cobalt carbonate	0.85Rutile	4.00Comments:submitted by: Brian Voth e-mail: bvoth@southwind.netGlaze name: Blue LeachCone: 9 - 10Color: medium blueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	57.89Whiting	23.16Gerstley borate	4.21Flint	14.74Tin oxide	3.16Cobalt carbonate	1.05Manganese dioxide	0.53Comments:handed over by Bob Santerre Glossy medium blue where thick and glossyslate blue where thin. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Les'sCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	25.00Whiting	25.00Flint	25.00Ball clay	25.00Cobalt oxide	0.25Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:Nice blue toward inky. From Janice StrawderGlaze name: Blue Long BeachCone: 10Color: blueTesting: UntestedSurface: matteFiring: ReductionRecipe:Whiting	19.49Custer feldspar	63.55EPK	16.96Cobalt carbonate	0.85Rutile	4.00Comments:Here's a couple that I have tried and added to my regulars (both comefrom clayart folks). If you want a soft matt blue, try the Long BeachBlue. The Long Beach is terrible if applied too thin. Good luck.Chris Fennimore Native American Rights Fund Boulder, CO christinefennimoreGlaze name: Blue Matt DavidsonCone: 9 - 10Color: blue to greenTesting: Surface: matteFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Feldspar	53.80Whiting	24.80Kentucky OM #4	21.40Cobalt carbonate	0.70Comments:from Gould Matt glaze. Colonial blue breaking to soft green wherethick. Bland brown where thin. Doesn't break to green over the whiteslip.Glaze name: Blue MidnightCone: 9 - 10Color: dark blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Flint	31.00Whiting	20.00G-200 feldspar	33.00EPK	14.00Spodumene	2.00Cobalt carbonate	7.00Comments:from Ellen Baker Very deep dark glossy blue All theglazes were tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed with a thick coatingof Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped inthree thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired toa (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Moceri MattCone: 9 - 10Color: turquoise to lavenderTesting: Surface: MattFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Flint	4.36EPK	7.63Nepheline syenite	65.39Strontium carbonate	20.44Lithium carbonate	2.18Copper oxide	1.64Bentonite	2.18Comments:from Ellen Baker similar to Copper blue (#1) Turquoise stony matt.Goes to lavender over slip  Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK.  Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue NewCone: 9 - 10Color: slate blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	29.70Dolomite	4.95Whiting	15.84EPK	12.87Flint	36.63Bentonite	1.98Red iron oxide	0.50Cobalt carbonate	0.50Rutile	0.99Comments:Glossy slate blue. Looks good over slip. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Nickel HorieCone: 10Color: PurpleTesting: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Barium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	39.00Barium carbonate	40.00Zinc oxide	15.00EPK	5.00Flint	5.00Black nickel oxide	1.50Comments:From Ayumi Horie. Beautiful bright violet matt. NOT for food. Test w/.75 strontiumin place of barium.Glaze name: Blue Pablo'sCone: 9 - 10Color: milky dark blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	44.57Flint	19.05EPK	2.38Whiting	11.43Gerstley borate	13.05Zinc oxide	3.81Dolomite	5.71Tin oxide	2.86Copper oxide	0.48Rutile	0.48Cobalt carbonate	0.95Comments:Very glossy kind of milky dark blue. Interesting over white slipAll the glazes were tested on #900 Miller claywhich is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the test tile wasbrushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip.Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on a heavily texturedtile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reductionfiring. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potash or Custer spar iscalled for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Many glazes Isubstituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium. All kaolin isEPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your results will probablybe TOTALLY different. Please test before use. Tracy Wilson SaltboxPottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax:207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: blue PaleCone: 10Color: pale blueTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Nepheline syenite	48.20Barium carbonate	37.30Ball clay	7.00Silica	7.50Cobalt carbonate	2.00Rutile	5.00Comments:submitted by: Eleanora Eden e-mail: eden@maple.sover.net oreden@sover.net NOT for food use - high barium. Try subst strontium.Glaze name: Blue PeacockCone: 9 - 10Color: light blueTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattRecipe:G-200 feldspar	34.00Gerstley borate	12.00Whiting	7.00EPK	9.00Talc	19.00Flint	19.00Cobalt oxide	0.30Chrome oxide	0.50Comments:Light blue where thick hint of teal. Satin glaze. Well I finally gotaround to typing this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and allfor all the donated recipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 Ireceived. I'll continue testing and reporting as the winter DRAGS on.All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed with a thick coatingof Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped inthree thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired toa (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Periwinkle Kelli'sCone: 10Color: Blue-purpleTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:K-200 feldspar	44.00EPK	10.00Whiting	18.00Flint	28.00Cobalt carbonate	0.50Comments:From Kelli Cohen @ Univ. of FLGlaze name: Blue PersimmonCone: 10Color: blueTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueFlow: SlightRecipe:G-200 feldspar	71.40Silica	14.30Whiting	14.30Red iron oxide	2.00Rutile	3.10Cobalt carbonate	0.50Bentonite	3.10Comments: It is shiny and breaks brown toblue My students keep it rather thick in the bucket for the desiredblue and it doesn't seem to run very much at all. It is a blue glazebut a nice blue glaze and it works well with a lot of other glazes.submitted by: Jim Connell e-mail: connellj@winthrop.eduGlaze name: Blue Persimmon GlossyCone: 9 - 10Color: Rust to bright blue OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K RutileBlueRecipe:K-200 spar	68.00Whiting	16.00Flint	16.00Iron oxide	2.00Rutile	3.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:Rust color where thin, rich blue where thick. Custer spar can besubbed for K-200. Glaze Type: Ca K RutileBlue. Opacity: Opaque.Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Blue Robin's Egg SpotCone: 10Color: blue with olive spotsTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Zinc oxide	7.60Custer feldspar	51.00Whiting	8.80Strontium carbonate	15.50Ball clay	9.80Bone ash	2.20Rutile	8.70Cobalt carbonate	1.00Comments:Nice matt glaze that is a medium blue with olive spots.Glaze name: Blue RoyalCone: 10Color: royal blueTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	40.83Whiting	16.97Strontium carbonate	5.30EPK	20.89Silica	16.01Titanium dioxide	4.77Cobalt carbonate	1.91Bentonite	1.06Comments:Non- toxic version of barium matt blue. Stable, strong color. I useDave's porcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on thenorth shore of KauaiGlaze name: Blue RutileCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	32.20Whiting	20.50Flint	19.50EPK	16.60Talc	11.20Rutile	8.30Comments:Below is a glaze I have been using for years, I got it out of CM.Likes a thick dip and I also double dip rims. Does not like a longsoak at cone 10. Looks best at a good cone 9 (slightly satin withshiny spots) or 10 ( glossy blue with mottling and crystals) GoodLuck! Barbara Murphy, Waterloo, Ontario dave murphyGlaze name: Blue SatinCone: 9-10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueSource: Central Clay--www.cclay.comRecipe:G-200 feldspar	36.00EPK	22.00Dolomite	18.00Flint	16.00Gillespie borate	4.00Whiting	4.00Cobalt oxide	0.50Chrome oxide	0.15Manganese dioxide	0.25Comments:Glaze name: Blue StableCone: 9 - 10Color: royal blue to greenTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	30.94Flint	26.84Whiting	19.11Kentucky OM #4	12.80EPK	10.31Cobalt carbonate	1.22Comments:also from Bob Santerre Medium royal blue with or without slip.glossy. Breaking to green where thin. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Textured  1Cone: 9 - 10Color: deep purple to blueTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	21.00Nepheline syenite	21.00Kentucky OM #4	4.50Gerstley borate	11.80Dolomite	7.50Talc	14.40Silica	19.60Cobalt oxide	3.00Comments:Satin glaze. Deep purple where thick. Midnight blue where medium.soft purple with slip. All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Textured 2Cone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	40.80Flint	16.00Whiting	17.00Strontium carbonate	5.30EPK	20.90Cobalt carbonate	2.70Rutile	4.80Comments:Glaze name: Blue THCone: 9Color: blueTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueFlaws: PinholesRecipe:Potash feldspar	42.80Flint	26.60Whiting	22.10EPK	8.50Cobalt carbonate	1.00Titanium dioxide	3.00Black nickel oxide	1.00Comments: Corinne Null Bedford, NHcnull@mv.mv.comGlaze name: Blue V&O LtCone: 9 - 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: reductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Whiting	19.03Flint	31.94EPK	19.42G-200 feldspar	26.70Barnard slip	2.91Comments:from Alfred/ Jim Chalkley Couldn't detect any light blue but Iremember it used to be beautiful on carved porcelain. (Jim, are youout there?) All the glazes were tested on #900Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the testtile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/drywhite slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on a heavilytextured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .tracy wilson <saltbox@ime.net> Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd.Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email:saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: BLUE V.C. AA COBALTCone: 9-10Color: Blue Semi-OpaqueTesting: TestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CaRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Comments:Webs and streaks nicely.VC edGlaze name: Blue V.C. Rich MattCone: 9 ONLYColor: Blue to black Semi-OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer spar	36.00Gerstley borate	4.00Dolomite	18.00Whiting	4.00EPK	22.00Flint	16.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00chrome oxide	0.25Manganese dioxide	0.50Comments:Thin=dk. greyblue; med=deep rich blue; thick=brighter blue,not asgood. At Cone 9.5 goes glossy and raw-ugly blue. See RMB Rev. forc/10. Glaze Type: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing. VC ed.Glaze name: Blue VC Rich MattCone: 9 - 10Color: blue brownTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	39.00Gerstley borate	2.00Dolomite	21.00Whiting	2.00EPK	25.00Flint	11.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Chrome oxide	0.25Manganese dioxide	0.50Comments:from Clayart Database Dark brown on stoneware. Slate blue over whiteslip. Satin Matt Well I finally got around to typing this thingup...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. Ionly tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testingand reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue Waxy MattCone: 9 - 10Color: brown to broken blueTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	39.00Dolomite	7.00Gerstley borate	12.00Talc	15.00EPK	4.00Flint	23.00Rutile	4.00Cobalt carbonate	0.50Comments:from Bonnie Terry. Satin glaze. solid brown where thin to medium.Mottled breaking blues browns and gold. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Blue, St. John'sCone: 9 - 12Color: Blue-blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: Ca K SaltFireTransparency: Semi-opaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Jackson Ball	10.00Custer feldspar	50.00Flint	20.00Wollastonite	10.00Gerstley borate	4.00Zinc oxide	3.00Bentonite	3.00Red iron oxide	3.00Cobalt oxide	2.00Comments:Very strong blue in salt fire. Dark, electric blue to blue-black inreduction. Works in once-fire application.Glaze name: BLUE-GREEN V.C. AA COPPERCone: 9-10Color: Semi-Opaque Blue-GreenTesting: TestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CaRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Copper carbonate	4.00Tin oxide	4.00Comments:Good copper blue without barium. Webs and streaks nicely. VC edGlaze name: Blue/Black Val'sCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Copper carbonate	4.00Tin oxide	4.00Comments:From Jeff Oestreich.Glaze name: Boubaric TeshaCone: 9 - 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	23.60Whiting	17.98Ball clay	29.21Flint	29.21Red iron oxide	13.48Comments: Cone 9-10 R and Salt Jonathan Kaplan, presidentjonathan@csn.net Ceramic Design Group Ltd./Production Services PO Box775112 Steamboat Springs CO 80477 Plant Location 30800 Moffat Ave Unit 13 SteamboatSprings CO 80487 (970) 879-9139*voice and faxhttp://www.craftweb.com/org/jkaplan/cdg.shtmlhttp://digitalfire.com/education/articles/kaplan1.htm------------------------------Glaze name: Bronze ChineseCone: 10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Nepheline syenite	42.70Barium carbonate	38.80Ball clay	10.70Flint	7.80Copper carbonate	1.00Red iron oxide	3.00Titanium dioxide	4.00Comments:Bright matt, green copper patina. From Ayumi Horie.Glaze name: Bronze GoldCone: 8-10Color: Bronze metallicTesting: Surface: MetallicFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Redart	60.00Ball clay	5.00Flint	5.00Manganese dioxide	45.00Black copper oxide	5.00Cobalt oxide	5.00Comments:NOT for food.Glaze name: Bronze Gold MetallicCone: 6-10Color: Bronze metallicTesting: Surface: MattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Redart	85.70Ball clay	7.10Flint	7.10Manganese dioxide	64.30Black copper oxide	7.10Cobalt oxide	7.10Comments:NOT for food. A.k.a. Reynolds Gold Metallic. Good at cone 6. Runs at cone 10.Glaze name: Bronze Larry'sCone: 9Color: Bronze metallicTesting: Surface: MetallicFiring: OxidationGlaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Ball clay	7.00Redart	86.00Flint	7.00Cobalt carbonate	14.00Copper carbonate	14.00Manganese dioxide	64.00Comments:From Margaret Bohls. Cone 9 electric. Use thick. Will brighten up if re-fired to 04.Glaze name: Bronze Manganese SaturatedCone: 10Color: Metallic bronzeTesting: Surface: MetallicFiring: ReductionGlaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	67.50Whiting	2.75Talc	1.25Kaolin	4.25Silica	3.50Red iron oxide	0.75Comments:Variations --Shiny: + MnO2 20Dull: +MnO2 10 + CuCO3 10Glaze name: Bronze metallic Larry'sCone: 9Color: bronze metallicTesting: Surface: Firing: OxidationGlaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Ball clay	7.00Redart	86.00Flint	7.00Cobalt carbonate	14.00Copper carbonate	14.00Manganese dioxide	64.00Comments:Metallic bronze. Use thick. Will brighten up if re-fired to cone 04.From Margaret Bohls.Glaze name: Brown soft SG-21 Aysha PeltzCone: 9-10Color: BrownTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueVisual texture: StriatedCrystals: SmallFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	44.00Whiting	11.00Dolomite	17.00EPK	17.00Flint	11.00Manganese carbonate	11.00Comments:Runs, pools. Crazes in pooled areas. Matt thin, glossy thick.Glaze name: Brown soft SG-21 Aysha Peltz Recalc testCone: 9-10Color: BrownTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueVisual texture: StriatedCrystals: SmallBubbles: NoneFlow: ExtremeFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	41.00Whiting	10.00Dolomite	15.50EPK	16.30Flint	19.00Manganese carbonate	1.30Comments:Runs, pools. Crazes in pooled areas. Matt thin, glossy thick.Glaze name: Brown SteelCone: 10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	70.00Whiting	5.00Gerstley borate	2.00Petalite	15.00Kentucky OM #4	8.00Bentonite	2.00Ochre	7.00Comments:From Sam Chung. Original base is Steel Blue.Glaze name: BuckwheatCone: 7Color: TanTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Barium carbonate	2.86Talc	10.48Whiting	17.14Feldspar	47.62Kaolin	7.62Flint	14.28Nickel oxide	0.95Red iron oxide	7.62Comments:from Tony W.T. Yeh (3/95 CM) Kathleen Gordon Palo Alto,Caemail:emgordon@batnet.com voice:415-328-9164Glaze name: ButtermilkCone: 10 - 11Color: off whiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Gerstley borate	10.50Dolomite	6.80Whiting	9.00Potash feldspar	29.30Kaolin	6.80Talc	13.50Flint	24.10Opax	8.00Comments:I have a problem with the following glaze that I hope some of theglaze chemistry Guru's out there might be able to help me with. Ihave used this glaze for years now with good success but it requirescone 10 flat and 11 tipping to mature. I would like to lower thetemp. to a 9 flat and cone 10 tipping but don't really know where tobegin. I fire a 35 cubic ft. Minnesota Flat Top with natural gas. Ifanyone can get me started, I would be grateful. Also, I have beentrying to paint with stains over this glaze. I use them mixed withwater and gerstly borate but can't get a smooth flow going. I waswondering how mixing the stains right in with some of the Buttermilkwould work. Does anyone have suggestions??? Many thanks for yourtime. I love this group and have learned so much from reading yourshares. Gloria Davidson <myturn@jetstream.net> My Turn PotteryGlaze name: Buttermilk revisedCone: 9 - 10Color: off whiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Gerstley borate	13.00Dolomite	6.00Whiting	9.00G-200 feldspar	29.00EPK	6.00Talc	16.00Silica	21.00Opax	8.00Comments:can also use Custer feldspar instead of G-200 spar. I may havelowered the temperature too much - so - mix this one (500 grams) andtest it in a cool part of your kiln (with large cones beside it. Thenmix equal parts (by volume) with your original. This will give youthe recipe between the two. If it is better than either the new one Iam sending add each ingrediant together (fome my new one and your oldone) to get the recipe for the middle one. Gerstley borate 10.5 +13.0 = 23.5 divided by 2 =11.75 for instance. By the way both glazesare seriously short of Alumina and Silica and oversupplied withMagnesium so don't consider this a durable glaze. There is not atoxicity problem because there are no problematic oxides in the glaze- just be careful what you mix with and put under or over this glazein areas that will come in contact with food. Ron Roy Toronto, CanadaEvenings, call 416 439 2621 Fax, 416 438 7849 Studio: 416-752-7862.Email ronroy@astral.magic.ca Home pagehttp://digitalfire.com/education/people/ronroy.htmGlaze name: CeladonCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: satinFiring: Recipe:Potash feldspar	41.50Whiting	15.00Zinc oxide	12.00China clay	4.50Silica	27.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:A satin finished celadon that where thick, ran a little, and and itglossed. Could probably be made into a gloss for ^6. submitted by:Carol Durnford e-mail: durnford@selway.umt.edu source for originalrecipe: Ceramics MonthlyGlaze name: celadon  gray no gbCone: 11Color: GrayTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.70Silica	17.80EPK	14.70Whiting	8.80Dolomite	6.30Frit 3134	17.70Comments:Glaze name: Celadon - Choy BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: blueTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionGlaze type: CeladonRecipe:Custer feldspar	50.00Barium carbonate	14.00Whiting	7.00Grolleg Kaolin	5.00Silica	24.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:Spanish red iron oxide is prefered. I have found that my blue celadonglaze, which is very similar to others given to you, likes all thereduction I can give it. I fire blue celadon pieces in the samefirings I go for carbon trapping with my shinos. The extra reductionalong with a good thick application of the blue celadon glaze, Ithink, encourages the bubbles trapped in the glaze which gives it anice softness to the glossy glaze. I introduce a heavy reduction atcone 010 through to cone 06 then lighten up a bit for the rest of thefiring. Also, drips melt out and do not show. Despite the onlyaverage amount of clay in the glaze, but high amount of feldspar andflint, the glaze does not run at all at cone 10 EPK helps and useSpanish Red Iron oxide and do not get any speckling. I feel the blueceladon glaze is much nicer on porcelain. You may need to add asuspender, I don't though. I have substituted Strontium Carbonate forhalf of the Barium and all of the Barium at 1 part Barium to 3/4parts Strontium and received just as nice results. I have theunderstanding from talking with other colleagues that the glazeshould be safe from Barium poisoning because it is a glossy glazewhere enough silica molecules have combined with the Barium moleculesto make it stable. But, I have never had it tested. Does anyone knowif this is true or not? Please reply. Enjoy, Cone 10 down, submittedby: Steve Loucks e-mail: STEVLOUCKS@aol.comGlaze name: Celadon 1234Cone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Kaolin	10.00Whiting	20.00Silica	30.00Feldspar	40.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:This Celadon recipe is from Ceramics Monthly, March 1982, Cone 9/10and sourced to Sandy Simon: Dennis Davis in Stafford, VAdhdavis@erols.comGlaze name: Celadon 202.2 Blue-GreyCone: 8Color: blue-greyTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Nepheline syenite	28.00Dolomite	12.00Whiting	7.00Barium carbonate	6.00Lithium carbonate	1.00EPK	10.00Silica	36.00Bentonite	3.00Copper carbonate	2.00Cobalt carbonate	0.25Comments:This turned out pale blue-grey on porcelain, looked a little like aceladon. Worked very nicely over carved and impressed pieces.  source for original recipe: This isa variation on one of Emmanuel Cooper's glazes, #202. submitted by:Kat Neely-Jones e-mail: SolvejgMa@AOL.COMGlaze name: Celadon Blue Green V&OCone: 9 - 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Whiting	19.60Flint	32.90EPK	20.00G-200 feldspar	27.50Yellow ochre	2.00Comments:also from Alfred Looks like a pretty typical celedon to me.. glossywith no crazing Well I finally got around to typing this thingup...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. Ionly tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testingand reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. tracywilson <saltbox@ime.net> Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd.Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email:saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Celadon Blue-Sam ChungCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.00Gerstley borate	13.00Barium carbonate	5.00Whiting	8.50Flint	29.00Frit 3110	3.00Grolleg	10.00Tin oxide	1.00Barnard clay	3.00Comments:From Sam Chung. Hensley Clear + 3% Barnard.Glaze name: Celadon Blue-Sam Chung no GBCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Nepheline syenite	29.50Dolomite	1.90Whiting	9.90Barium carbonate	4.60Silica	31.30Frit 3195	22.80Tin oxide	0.30Barnard clay	0.80Bentonite	0.50Comments:From Sam Chung. Hensley Clear + 3% Barnard.Glaze name: Celadon C10R H House RevisedCone: 10Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Silica	36.00G-200 Feldspar	23.00EPK	18.00Whiting	14.00Talc	9.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:NOTE: recipe originally specified 'Talc, New York' Locally we use avariant of Harlan House's celadon both as a clear base and as finegreen glaze for porcelain. (The green looks peculiar on ourbuff-colored stoneware). submitted by: Tom Buck e-mail:aa563@main.freenet. hamilton.on.caGlaze name: Celadon C10R Tom Coleman RevisedCone: 10Color: light greenTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 Feldspar	43.04Silica 200 mesh	38.64Strontium carbonate	12.61EPK	5.71Red iron oxide	0.10Comments:If we were to use Tom Coleman's recipe hereabouts we of necessitywould use G200 feldspar (custer is hard to get). So, TC's RCP comesout like this: Firstly, as noted we'd use a different feldspar (stilla K one tho') and we switch from barium carbonate to strontiumcarbonate since Fusion (Ontario Potters Assn) has a campaign going(launched by Ron Roy) to avoid the use of barium over 5% content inthe glaze mix. I fully expect this version to perform like theoriginal. Both might crackle on a tight porcelain. Should be funtrying the three. Cheers TomBuck submitted by: Tom Buck e-mail:aa563@main.freenet. hamilton.on.caGlaze name: Celadon C9R Beherens RevisedCone: 9Color: light greenTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Silica	56.12EPK	20.41Whiting	15.31Lithium carbonate	8.16Red iron oxide	2.04Comments:Many years ago Richard Beherens proposed this one. The virtue of thisrecipe is its COE of 5.3 suitable for procelains (or talc bodies) oflow expansion.Glaze name: Celadon Choy BlueCone: 10Color: Blue-greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	51.72EPK	4.14Whiting	6.33Silica	20.93Barium carbonate	16.88Red iron oxide	2.10Tin oxide	2.70Comments:As I was getting to, before I hit the TAB button (sends mail, I foundout). It is a lovely blue green. Apply thickly. We begin reduction atcone 08 and maintain it until the end, cone 9 down, 10 halfway. Thereis a great deal of depth to the glaze, with lots of trapped airbubbles. submitted by: Candice Roeder e-mail: CRoeder1@aol.comGlaze name: Celadon Choy Blue UFCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TranslucentBubbles: ManyRecipe:Custer feldspar	54.00Whiting	6.60Silica	21.80Georgia Kaolin	4.30Strontium carbonate	13.30Red iron oxide	2.10Bentonite	2.00Comments:It is a lovely blue green. Apply thickly. We begin reduction atcone 08 and maintain it until the end, cone 9 down, 10 halfway. Thereis a great deal of depth to the glaze, with lots of trapped airbubbles. submitted by: Candice Roeder e-mail: CRoeder1@aol.comGlaze name: Celadon Choy Blue UF recalcCone: 10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TranslucentBubbles: ManyRecipe:Nepheline syenite	36.20Whiting	7.00Strontium carbonate	13.50Silica	39.40EPK	3.90Red iron oxide	2.10Bentonite	2.00Kaopaque	100.00Comments:It is a lovely blue green. Apply thickly. We begin reduction atcone 08 and maintain it until the end, cone 9 down, 10 halfway. Thereis a great deal of depth to the glaze, with lots of trapped airbubbles. submitted by: Candice Roeder e-mail: CRoeder1@aol.comGlaze name: Celadon Coleman Apple GreenCone: 10Color: light apple greenTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: ReductionRecipe:Whiting	17.95Potash feldspar	43.59EPK Kaolin	10.26Flint	28.20Chrome oxide	0.25Red iron oxide	0.77Comments:The Apple Green Celadon is very similar to one I've used with goodresults except you left out the chrome oxide. Good luck! RafaelMolina-Rodriguez rmr3431@dcccd.eduGlaze name: Celadon Coleman Ice BlueCone: 10Color: light blue greenTesting: UntestedSurface: glossy, shinyFiring: ReductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	46.00Barium carbonate	16.00China clay	6.00Silica	32.00Yellow iron oxide	1.00Comments:( I use EPK ) Note: A very nice glaze. Unfortunately, it crazed ontwo different porcelain bodies I tried it on. Another thing you mighttry is firing celadons in a saggar. Someone on the list correct me ifI'm wrong, but didn't the Chinese fire celadons in saggars in a woodkiln. I've fired in saggars with no lids with good results. Goodluck! Rafael Molina-Rodriguez rmr3431@dcccd.eduGlaze name: Celadon Fake BlueCone: 9-11Color: TurquoiseTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: WoodGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	71.60Dolomite	23.60Kentucky OM #4	4.80Superpax	17.90Bentonite	4.50Copper carbonate	1.50Comments:Glaze name: celadon grayCone: 11Color: GrayTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:G-200 feldspar	45.00Flint	22.00EPK	8.00Whiting	11.00Gerstley borate	9.00Dolomite	5.00Comments:Glaze name: Celadon Green T.M.Cone: 10Color: GreenTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentCrystals: NoneBubbles: FewFlow: NoneFlaws: CrazesDurability: GoodRecipe:Cornwall Stone	40.00Whiting	15.00Strontium carbonate	10.00Flint	20.00Grolleg	15.00Comments:From  Matt Long, used on his martini glasses. Fabulous Green.Variations --add deep crimson Mason stain 6003 for green 10-12%Glaze name: celadon greyCone: 8 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:barium carb	2.04Custer spar	61.23Whiting	7.14EPK	5.10Silica	24.49black iron	1.53Bentonite	1.02Comments:from Hal Harold J. McWHINNIE Email:Harold_J_McWHINNIE@umail.umd.edu(hm9) Phone:53125Glaze name: Celadon Grey BlueCone: 8 - 10Color: grey blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Potash feldspar	79.63Flint	14.30Whiting	6.07Iron oxide	2.26Tin oxide	0.62Comments:Dan Wilson dwilson@nas.comGlaze name: Celadon Grey-Green from Pete PinnellCone: 9Color: grey-greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentFlow: SlightRecipe:Nepheline syenite	33.00Whiting	20.00Flint	30.00Ball clay	17.00Yellow iron oxide	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Celadon Leach 1234Cone: 10Color: light greenTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:China clay	10.00Whiting	20.00Silica	30.00Feldspar	40.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:The glaze that is as old as dirt. it is published in the leech bookas old. Use 4% iron + or - depending on color / green to blue if youdecorate...put iron design between layers of glaze. very nice. thefirst glaze i ever made...fired in the first soft brick kiln i evermade. and that was before i had ever seen a soft brick kiln. rememberthe name Jim McKinnel. one of the first to build soft brick kilns inamerica. from iowa...one of the real pioneers. mel jacobson<melpots@pclink.com>Glaze name: Celadon MatherCone: 10Color: Transparent BlueTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Whiting	17.40Zinc oxide	2.30Custer feldspar	46.20Kaolin	13.90Silica	20.20Cobalt carbonate	0.30Comments:Here's a recipe for a blue celadon. Thought it might be useful tosomeone else as well. I used it a few years back and haven't tried itrecently, but as I recall it turns out a nice transparent blue. Itcame to me directly from the pages of CM - Nov. 1981 issue. Kaolin(can't remember if I used Pioneer or EPK) submitted by: Barb Howee-mail: bhowe@bach.ccinet.ab.caGlaze name: Celadon oxidation HorieCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Barium carbonate	6.10Dolomite	3.00Lithium carbonate	2.00Whiting	13.10Custer feldspar	21.20Petalite	21.20EPK	15.20Flint	18.20Comments:From Ayumi Horie. Grade A soda glaze. Normally a boring transparent glaze, butwhen hit w/soda turns matte, feather, and multicolored. Great in oxication &reduction.Variations --1/16% cobalt = light blue/white in oxid., light blue/violet in reduc.2% RIO green/brown/yellow4% Mn purple/lavender/brown3% Cu deep green/turq3% rutile nice tan/whiteGlaze name: Celadon paleCone: 9 - 10Color: GreenTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	27.00OM-4 Ball clay	14.00Whiting	20.50Silica	31.50Kaolin	7.00Comments:Light Green on porcelain ^9-10 submitted by: Lee in PigsEye e-mail:leelove@MILL2.MILLCOMM.COMGlaze name: Celadon SandersCone: 10Color: celadon greenTesting: Surface: glossy, shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	41.90Whiting	17.14Kaolin	9.52Silica	26.67Barnard clay	4.76Bentonite	1.90Comments:Here's the celadon recipe used successfully at the 92nd St Y in thegas kiln, fired to ^10. submitted by: Jaine Jacobs e-mail:PJakeJ@aol.comGlaze name: Celadon SecrestCone: 9 - 10Color: Blue-green celadon ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K CeladonRecipe:Custer spar	53.00EPK	6.00Flint	24.00Whiting	12.00Barium carbonate	2.50Zinc oxide	2.50Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:Color is deeper and richer when applied thickly. Color is brighterand more intense over white slip or clay. 8% Iron Oxide yields atemmoku. Glaze Type: Ca K Celadon. Opacity: Transparent. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Celadon Tom Coleman's Iron Blue-GreenCone: 9 - 11Color: blue-greenTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	46.13Silica (200m)	31.89EPK	5.66Barium carbonate	16.32Yellow iron oxide	0.19Comments:Tom Coleman gave me this glaze recipe during a workshop at his studioin Nevada. I haven't tried it but Tom and his wife Elaine are famousfor their Celadon glazed pottery. submitted by: Donna Potter e-mail:dpotter@nsn.scs.unr.eduGlaze name: Celadon V.C. Lung ChuanCone: 9 - 10Color: GreenTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Custer spar	30.00Whiting	19.00Flint	30.00EPK	8.00Barnard clay	4.00Wood ash	6.00Ball clay	3.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:Soft satin glow. Heavy green, like some jade. Glaze Type: Ca Celadon.Opacity: Semi-opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Celadon Warren MacKenzie's Blue BlackCone: 9 - 10Color: blue blackTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Glaze type: CeladonRecipe:Potash feldspar	25.00EPK	25.00Flint	25.00Whiting	25.00Red iron oxide	4.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:I make no claims regarding these glazes' reliability or safety. Idon't know of their origin. These are in use at Hui No'Eau inMakawao, Maui. sam tomich <aphesis@interpac.net>Glaze name: celadon Wax blue-greenCone: 10Color: blue greenTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Nepheline syenite	42.81Silica	27.52Whiting	19.37EPK	10.30Red iron oxide	1.94Comments:Add:CMC 1 tsp. Fire to cone 10 in moderate reduction. A lightblue-green transparent gloss Many Clayarters have e-mailed me forthis formula (blue-green celadon that crackles over some clays, butnot on others),so here it is This formula was found in The Potter'sComplete Book of Clay and Glazes by James Chappell. Watson-GuptillPublications. New York Jan jan wax <waxbing@pacific.net>Glaze name: Celedon Martell ClearCone: 10Color: clear greenTesting: Surface: Firing: reductionGlaze type: CeladonRecipe:G-200 feldspar	30.20Dolomite	4.70Whiting	15.90EPK kaolin	18.90Silica	30.30Comments:Cost/kg 0.24 Si:Al 7.71 SiB:Al 7.71 Expan 6.72 My celedon formula isposted at the end of this message. It's a lime green celedon the wayI color it. I use 5% of a native Oregon clay that is very high inIron. You could maybe get the same color with 5% or so of Albertaslip, or Albany. 1 to 2% additions of red or black iron will giveceledons. It is often said that black iron oxide gives bluerceledons, so you might want to try that. It is important to keep aglaze's content of titanium at a near zero level to develop blueceledons as well. Titanium will encourage green. I ran your Neph Syceledon through Insight and you could reduce the crazing and maybeeliminate it by the direct substitution of potash feldspar for theNeph Sy. You might want to try both Custer and G-200. Custer ishigher in silica and would be the most effective one to lower theglazes expansion. G-200 will give a bit better melt Ithink..........Craig craig martell <ashglaze@teleport.com>Glaze name: Charlie D ManganeseCone: 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: satinFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer spar	20.00Kona F-4 feldspar	20.00Whiting	2.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	13.00Ball clay	10.00Flint	20.00Bentonite	2.00Manganese dioxide	4.00Comments:then add 2% Bentonite and 4% Manganese (In particular, lately I'vewanted to use a reliable cone 10 black satin/waxy glaze, in case youknow of one.) Eric, you might like to try Charlie D Manganese. I'veseen it used successfully at the 92nd Street Y in the gas kiln, cone10, reduction for more years than it would be discreet to say: Hopeyou enjoy it, Jaine in CresskillGlaze name: Chartreuse Andy Martin's ShowsaverCone: 10Color: ChartreuseTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentFlow: ModerateRecipe:Barium carbonate	22.90Gerstley borate	3.80Strontium carbonate	13.00Wollastonite	3.40Nepheline syenite	26.90Ball clay	9.50Flint	20.50chrome	0.50Comments:Glaze name: ChunCone: 9 - 10Color: SemiOpaque BlueTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionGlaze type: ChunRecipe:Potash feldspar	86.00Whiting	7.50Softwood ash	4.30Bone ash	2.20Yellow ochre	1.10Bentonite	1.10Comments:This is a recipe that I have had nothing but good luck with.To get the best effect, I use it on grolleg porcelain: The phosphorusin the wood ash is important for creating the minute bubbles in theglaze which give this glaze its blue color. You might check outTichane's book on Celadon Blues, he explains this phenomenon.submitted by: Lee Love e-mail: leelove@mi112.MillComm.COMGlaze name: Chun - BrayfordCone: 9 - 10Color: chun blueTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ChunTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Potash feldspar	42.60Flint	29.70Whiting	19.80Talc	5.00Kaolin	2.00Gerstley borate	1.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:>Does anyone have a reliable recipe for a Chun Blue or other Blue thatdoes well in reduction over an iron rich claybody. ....... Anne WornerYes! I have been using this glaze for some years - it originated withDerek Emms and was published in Ceramic Review. Needs reduction ^9 -10 The firing temp affects it considerably. Works well over Tenmokutype glazes or dark bodies. The colour is an optical effect and thedark body helps the colour. pierre brayford<pierre.brayford@virgin.net>Glaze name: Chun - PettyjohnCone: 9 - 10Color: chun blue to white opaqueTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ChunTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Cornwall Stone	43.00Whiting	19.40Kaolin	10.80Silica	26.90Titanium dioxide	7.50Iron oxide	1.10Comments:Originally specified Raval Feldspar (see below). I have a Chun bluethat works well over dark slips and glazes (tenmoku), I'm not surethough if our materials here in the Philippines will match yours, butit might be worth a try. Raval Feldspar is almost identical toCornwall Stone. If too thin the glaze is mauve transparent, if toothick opaque off-white. The trick is to get the thickness just rightto produce the opalescent blue. Jon Pettyjohn Manila jon@mozcom.comGlaze name: Chun BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: chun blueTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ChunTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Whiting	27.60Custer feldspar	27.60Kaolin	21.50Flint	19.80Magnesium carbonate	3.50Ultrox	10.10Rutile	5.10Cobalt oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:Ultrox 10% Rutile 5% Cobalt OX 1% Red Iron Ox 1% (I guess you coulduse Wollastonite instead of whiting as described in Tony Hansen'sMagic of Fire) (You can use 1% cobalt carbonate for a greyer tone ofblue) Does anyone have a reliable recipe for a Chun Blue or otherBlue that does well in reduction over an iron rich claybody. Wecurrently have a nice Chun that does well over white stoneware andporcelain, but on iron rich clays it all but disappears. This is whatwe are currently using. Anne Worner John L. Worner<70400.663@compuserve.com>Glaze name: Chun Blue GlazeCone: 9 - 10Color: pale blueTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: reductionGlaze type: ChunRecipe:Potash feldspar	54.77Whiting	13.69Bone ash	1.42Barium carbonate	2.74Silica	27.38Red iron oxide	1.10Comments:This glaze has to be fired as you would fire a copper red glazeotherwise you will not get the beautiful colour and texture. If theglaze is clear then you are not applying it thick enough. Also, Iguess I should mention that it should be fired to cone 9-10.Hopefully it works for you as it has for me. Happy testing! submittedby: Craig Pearce e-mail: i931009@redgum.ucnv.edu.auGlaze name: Chun DellerCone: 9-10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ChunTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Custer spar	45.00Grolleg	2.10Flint	29.00Gerstley borate	9.50Dolomite	9.50Zinc oxide	1.90Strontium carbonate	3.10Tin oxide	2.80Red iron oxide	0.50Comments:Pete Pinnell: nicest blue celadon. Use over porcelain. Fire a bit cool: 9-10).Bluest on grolleg rather than domestic porcelain.Glaze name: Chun No FlintCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: ChunTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	54.30Whiting	20.00Zinc oxide	17.10Kentucky OM #4	8.60Comments:Glaze name: Clay  Casting Porcelain slipCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay Casting slipTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Kentucky OM #4	25.00EPK	25.00Custer feldspar	25.00Flint	15.00Nepheline syenite	10.00Soda ash	0.10Sodium silicate	0.57Comments:Add 35 water. Dissolve soda ash and add sodium silicate to water before adding clay.Glaze name: clay  Stoneware White VCCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Tile 6 clay	20.00EPK	20.00GoldArt	15.00Pine Lake	15.00Custer feldspar	12.00Flint	8.00Molochite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Buff Snair'sCone: 8-10Color: TanTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:GoldArt	65.00A.P. Green	13.00Ball clay	13.00Custer feldspar	9.00grog	6.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Casting Anna'sCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: UnglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay castingTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:EPK	8.00Velva Cast	7.00Grolleg	35.00Silica	20.00Custer feldspar	30.00Comments:ADD: soda ash 0.10, water 40, Darvan #811 0.35. Use 325 mesh silica. From RichardBurkett.Casts quickly. Sets up firmly. Fires very white.Glaze name: Clay Casting Porcelain Andrew MartinCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay Casting slipRecipe:Grolleg	30.00EPK	6.00Tennessee ball clay	7.00Ball clay	7.00Custer feldspar	25.00Flint	25.00Sodium silicate	0.25Comments:Calls for SGP ball clay.Variations --+ water 40%Glaze name: Clay casting porcelain ReevesCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: Clay Casting slipTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Feldspar	34.00Kaolin	40.00Flint	26.00Darvan	0.01Comments:Add 35-40 water. Translucent, prone to slumping.Glaze name: Clay Casting Porcelain SiffenCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay Casting slipRecipe:Grolleg	40.00C & C	5.00Custer feldspar	26.00Flint	19.00pyrotrol	10.00Sodium silicate	0.25Comments:From Andrew Martin's plaster book, "Mold Making & Slip Casting". "Annette uses this slip to cast ver softgestured forms. I have used this slip for forms that put a lot of stres on theslip as it dries. In these cases I had lots of cracking appear in the bisuqe. As abody it tends toward non-plasticiy, so more elaborate forms woudl benefit from aslip w/higher ball clay content. Low ball clay in this tends to be moretranslucent."Glaze name: Clay Casting Porcelain slipCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay castingTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Kentucky OM #4	25.00EPK	25.00Custer feldspar	25.00Flint	15.00Nepheline syenite	10.00Soda ash	0.10Sodium silicate	0.57Comments:Add 35 water. Dissolve soda ash and add sodium silicate to water before adding clay.Glaze name: Clay Casting Porcelain Slip Michael CorneyCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: Clay castingRecipe:Kentucky OM #4	2500.00EPK	2500.00Custer feldspar	2500.00Flint	1500.00Nepheline syenite	1000.00Soda ash	10.00Sodium silicate	57.00Comments:Variations --Add water 3500 grams.Add soda ash to warm water (part of 3500gms)Glaze name: Clay Casting Porcelain Slip Michael CorneyCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: Clay Casting slipRecipe:Kentucky OM #4	2500.00EPK	2500.00Custer feldspar	2500.00Flint	1500.00Nepheline syenite	1000.00Soda ash	10.00Sodium silicate	57.00Comments:Variations --Add water 3500 grams.Add soda ash to warm water (part of 3500gms)Glaze name: Clay casting porcelain SplethCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: UnglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay Casting slipRecipe:Grolleg	30.00kaolin Georgia	12.00Ball clay	8.00Flint	20.00pyrotrol	12.00Custer feldspar	18.00Darvan	0.35Comments:Add 40 water. Easier casting body than Reeves porcelain - holds form better.Glaze name: Clay Casting Spleth SlipCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay Casting slipRecipe:Grolleg	35.00EPK	7.00Ball clay	8.00pyrotrol	7.00Custer feldspar	18.00Flint	25.00Sodium silicate	0.25Comments:From Andrew Martin's plaster book. p. 135.Variations --+ water 40%  Calls for SGP Ball clay. Sodium silicate .25-.5Glaze name: clay for wood BarbourCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: Firing: WoodGlaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:A.P. Green	33.00XX Sagger	26.00Tile 6 clay	15.00EPK	19.00Custer feldspar	7.00Grog	15.00Kyanite	7.00Comments:From Nancy Barbour. Pale buff blushing orange.Variations --Use 48 mesh grog and 48 mesh kyanite.Glaze name: clay grey stonewareCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: LichenFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Foundry Hill Creme	40.00Tile 6 clay	20.00Kentucky OM #4	20.00Custer feldspar	15.00Flint	5.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Porcealin Frank MartinCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Recipe:Grolleg	12.50EPK	20.00Tile 6 clay	25.00XX Sagger	12.50G-200 feldspar	20.00Pyrax	15.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Porcelain  OtisCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: TestedSurface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	45.00Tennessee ball clay	15.00Custer feldspar	20.00Flint	20.00Comments:Good whiteness. Lighter than Nelson, Woodman, or VC Off-white stonewares.Glaze name: Clay Porcelain Beasecker 9-10Cone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Recipe:#6 Tile clay	30.00EPK	15.00Tennessee #1	5.00Custer feldspar	27.00Flint	23.00Bentonite	2.00Epsom salts	0.25Comments:Peter Beasecker Porcelain Recipe.Glaze name: Clay Porcelain Beasecker2Cone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Recipe:Grolleg	50.00Custer feldspar	27.00Flint	23.00Bentonite	2.00Epsom salts	0.25Comments:From Peter BeaseckerGlaze name: Clay Porcelain BohlsCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Grolleg	50.00Tile 6 clay	50.00Custer feldspar	39.50Flint	26.30pyrotrol	23.70Bentonite	4.00Comments:In Soldner mixer ass 9 gallons of water (72 lbs.) and 1/2 - 1 gallon vinegar.This yields very, very soft clay, which I pile into a 30-gallon bucket and allongto age for at least 6 months.From Margaret Bohls.Glaze name: clay porcelain Matt Long's fabulousCone: 10-12Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	55.00Silica	27.00Custer feldspar	15.00Alumina	3.00Macaloid	2.00Comments:Use 200 mesh calcined alumina. Mix V-Gum-T and alumina in a 5-gal. bucket and let itslake, then add to clay mixer.Variations --add V-Gum-T 2% in place of macaloid if you have that.Glaze name: Clay Porcelain Matt'sCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Recipe:Tile 6 clay	31.00EPK	15.00Custer feldspar	25.00Silica	15.00Ball clay	6.00Pyrophyllite	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Porcelain Tim MatherCone: 9-11Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Tile 6 clay	38.50Kentucky OM #4	19.20Flint	19.20Custer feldspar	23.10Comments:Not the whitest, but good working qualities.Glaze name: Clay Porcelain White PP Mod.Cone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	45.00Ball clay	11.00Custer feldspar	20.00Flint	24.00Bentonite	10.00Comments:Good whiteness in oxidation. Whiter than Nelson, Woodman, or VC Off-White bodies.Glaze name: Clay Porcelain Wiseman'sCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	45.00EPK	30.00Kona F-4 feldspar	15.00Custer feldspar	15.00Pyrax	15.00Flint	15.00Bentonite	30.00Comments:slightly off-white in oxidation. Whiter than Nelson, Woodman, or VC Off-White.Glaze name: Clay Porecelain Bill's GreyCone: 10Color: greyTesting: Surface: LichenFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Porcelain)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Tile 6 clay	25.00XX Sagger	15.00Ball clay	10.00Feldspar	30.00Flint	20.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Good for salt and wood. From Bill Brouillard.Glaze name: Clay Stoneware BrownCone: 8-10Color: Brown - OrangeTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:A.P. Green	32.00GoldArt	37.00Ball clay	21.00Custer feldspar	4.00Redart	6.00grog	5.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Stoneware Buff Snair'sCone: 8-10Color: TanTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:GoldArt	65.00A.P. Green	13.00Ball clay	13.00Custer feldspar	9.00grog	6.00Comments:Glaze name: clay stoneware GoldbergCone: 10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:A.P. Green	47.00GoldArt	23.00Kentucky OM #4	20.00Redart	5.00Feldspar	4.00grog	10.00Comments:From Scott Goldberg.Glaze name: clay stoneware greyCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Foundry Hill Creme	40.00Tile 6 clay	20.00Kentucky OM #4	20.00Custer feldspar	15.00Flint	5.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Stoneware Grey to WhiteCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:Foundry Hill Creme	42.00Tile 6 clay	21.00Ball clay	16.00Pyrophyllite	16.00Custer feldspar	5.00Comments:Variations --add extra fine grog 5Glaze name: Clay Stoneware High-Iron Ted Adler'sCone: 10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: UnglazedFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kaolin	40.00Fire clay	20.00Lincoln	60.00Kentucky OM #4	20.00Newman Red	10.00Custer feldspar	10.00Mullite	10.00Comments:From Ted Adler. Wood-salt-soda body. Dense.Glaze name: Clay Stoneware Rick St. John'sCone: 8-10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:GoldArt	50.00Tennessee ball clay	25.00Custer feldspar	10.00Redart	5.00Comments:Variations --add sand or grog to tasteGlaze name: Clay Stoneware UF ShopCone: 8-10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:GoldArt	65.00Fire clay	13.00Ball clay	13.00Custer feldspar	9.00Bentonite	1.50Grog, fine	5.00Comments:Platic stoneware. Toasty orange-brown in reduction.Glaze name: Clay Stoneware White Betty Woodman'sCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:XX Sagger	15.00EPK	13.00Tennessee ball clay	12.00Tile 6 clay	25.00Kaopaque	10.00Custer feldspar	10.00Flint	10.00Molochite	8.00Macaloid	1.00Comments:Creamy in oxidation - about the color of raw EPK.Glaze name: Clay Stoneware White Judith'sCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:A.P. Green	22.00GoldArt	33.00EPK	17.00XX Sagger	17.00Feldspar	11.00Molochite	11.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:yellowish in oxidation. Darker than Nelson, Woodman, or VC Off-white.Glaze name: Clay Stoneware White NelsonCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	10.00Tile 6 clay	25.00XX Sagger	30.00Kentucky OM #4	20.00Flint	15.00Comments:creamy in oxidation- about the color of raw EPKGlaze name: clay Stoneware White VCCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Tile 6 clay	23.00EPK	23.00GoldArt	17.00Pine Lake	17.00Custer feldspar	14.00Flint	5.00Molochite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Clay Stoneware White VC Off-WhiteCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: TestedSurface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Tile 6 clay	20.00EPK	20.00XX Sagger	10.00GoldArt	15.00A.P. Green	15.00Custer feldspar	12.00Flint	80.00Molochite	4.00Comments:Creamy in oxidation - about the color of raw EPK. Tested by Sandy Lance.Glaze name: Clay Wood-fire BarbourCone: 10Color: TanTesting: Surface: Firing: WoodGlaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Recipe:A.P. Green	45.00XX Sagger	35.00Tile 6 clay	20.00EPK	25.00Custer feldspar	10.00Kyanite	10.00grog	20.00Comments:From UF alum Nancy Barbour. A pale buff clay that flashes a bit orange.Glaze name: Clay ZAM SuperbodyCone: 6-10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: UnglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Clay (Stoneware)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Hawthorne Bond	15.00Fire clay	10.00GoldArt	40.00Ball clay	15.00Flint	10.00Custer feldspar	7.00Redart	3.00Grog	8.00Comments:From Ceramic Industry Oct. 2005. www.ceramicindustry.com Jeff Zamek. Second fireclay addition is Lincoln fireclay. Medium brown in reduction, tan in oxidation.Fired shrinkage 12% at cone 6, 12.5% at come 10. Absorption 2.6% cone 6/0.5% atcone 9.Glaze name: ClearCone: 10Color: clearTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Silica	32.00Whiting	20.00G-200 Feldspar	33.00EPK	15.00Comments:Both of these glazes do very well with colorants and perform equallywell in oxidation or reduction. submitted by: Christine Winokure-mail: Kickwheel@aol.comGlaze name: Clear -Coile HoovenCone: 10 - 11Color: clear transparentTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Recipe:Whiting	9.00Zinc oxide	7.00Cornwall Stone	79.00EPK	5.00Comments:I've been using Coile Hooven's recipe for clear glaze for porcelainwith good results. It doesn't crackle/craze (eye of the beholderthing) and can run the gamut from non-milky matte at lower temp to anice high gloss at c.10-11. (The recipe lists it as Cone 10 Clear)(use a mortar & pestle to grind Cornwall stone before mixing) I usethis over a porcelain throwing body from Val Cushing's notebook(published and distributed during Summer Class 1993): GROLLEG 55 (1full bag) KONA 4 SPAR 20 FLINT 12 PYRAX 13 MACALOID 2 (or Bentonite:let sit with water in mixer overnight. Add dry mix next day) As withany porcelain, the longer it ages, the better. I make mine ideally 6months in advance, wrapped a la the Alfred Roll in 35# batches. Hopethis helps. Tricia CHATARY@HOPE.CIT.HOPE.EDUGlaze name: Clear BaseCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TransparentRecipe:Kona Feldspar	36.36Whiting	20.45EPK	11.36Silica	31.82Comments:This glaze does very well with colorants and performs equally well inoxidation or reduction. submitted by: Christine Winokur e-mail:Kickwheel@aol.comGlaze name: Clear bob's baseCone: 7-8Color: slightly greyTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Mid-fireTransparency: TransparentFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Flint	27.30EPK	18.20Nepheline syenite	18.20Bone ash	9.10Dolomite	9.10Gerstley borate	9.10Talc	9.10Comments: By itself without colorants, this glaze is fairly clear, notperfectly transparent at cone 6-7 but becoming glass like at 8-9. It is smooth to the touch, pleasing to feel.  Very tolerant andforgiving. It is somewhat uninteresting by itself although it is as stable asyou can imagine. Add colorants for the real action!*How long have you been using this glaze? 8-10 years*Where is it used?  Bob Kavanagh's studio.*Where did this recipe come from?  I developed it over a few years.*What do you like most about this glaze?  It is stable, adaptable, accepts diversecolors well, applies easily, is virtually fault free - a good friend.*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? With the majolica, it may crawl if the glaze is applied VERY thickly.*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? It may be used in reduction as well as in oxidation, although I nowuse it only in oxidation.  I developed it while I was working in areducing atmosphere.  The differences between oxidation and reductionlie in the clarity of the glaze (much clearer in oxidation) and ofcourse the impact of reduction on iron bearing oxides.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Very adaptable to stoneware, porcelain, rough, smooth, etc.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Dip hand into bucket; can hardly see skin under glaze on hand: thickcream.*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Varies with oxide addition.  Likes to be moderately thick forrichest results.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? I had not been happy with combining it with others, so I stopped. Itcan be layered with itself with different colorants in each layer.*What is your kiln type and size? 10 cubic foot, Tucker's Cone Art, electric*How do you typically fire? 0 to 212 in two hours: hold 10 minutes. 212 to 1040 at about 300 degrees an hour. very slowly from 1040 to 1070. as quickly as possible from 1070 to 2100. about 150 degrees an hour until cone 7-8.*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? no problems*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: bob kavanagh (bkav@vax2.concordia.ca)  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Variations --*Variations: berry rust:      10% red iron oxide deep river red:  20% RIO midnight blue:   5% cobalt carb., 2% RIO, 1% copper carb. silver yellow:   6% vanadium oxide, touch of rutile majolica:        7% tin oxideGlaze name: Clear Buttery Matt #415Cone: 10Color: translucent clearTesting: UntestedSurface: semi matteFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Cornwall Stone	85.00Whiting	10.00Magnesium carbonate	5.00Comments:cone 10 clear matt. This is a wonderful, buttery smooth clear glaze,as matt as you can probablyget for a clear. I have a couple of others that I recently designedbut I don't have them in my database yet. Try this one. I think you'lllike it. Unless you put opacifiers in it it should stay transparentwith the additions of most colorants. Regards, June june perryGlaze name: Clear Buttery Matt #415Cone: 10Color: translucent clearTesting: UntestedSurface: semi matteFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Cornwall Stone	85.00Whiting	10.00Magnesium carbonate	5.00Comments:cone 10 clear matt. This is a wonderful, buttery smooth clear glaze,as matt as you can probablyget for a clear. I have a couple of others that I recently designedbut I don't have them in my database yet. Try this one. I think you'lllike it. Unless you put opacifiers in it it should stay transparentwith the additions of most colorants. Regards, June june perryGlaze name: Clear ChoyCone: 9 - 10Color: clearTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Ca Ba KTransparency: TransparentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	50.00Whiting	6.00EPK	4.00Barium carbonate	12.00Flint	28.00Comments:Variations --Turquoise celadon with 1 to 2% Red Iron Oxide.Glaze name: Clear CrackleCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Cornwall Stone	85.00Whiting	15.00Comments:A traditional crackle recipe for cone 9-10 Apply on the thickishside. She can try this and also try another test substituting a sodafeldspar like Kona F4 or Nepheline Syenite, for the Cornwall stone,if the glaze as given, is immature at cone 8. She can then do a wetmix of equal parts of each test recipe. june perryGlaze name: Clear Crackle rev.Cone: 8 - 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Cornwall Stone	42.79Soda feldspar	42.79Whiting	14.42Comments:She can try this and also try another test substituting a sodafeldspar like Kona F4 or Nepheline Syenite, for the Cornwall stone,if the glaze as given, is immature at cone 8. She can then do a wetmix of equal parts of each test recipe. Regards, June perry juneGlaze name: Clear Donna'sCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.41Flint	26.88Whiting	21.51Kaolin	17.20Bentonite	1.08Comments:I am having a problem with my clear liner. On all our cone 10+firings, in ox or red., we have a great clear. In salt fire, however,if the vapor hits the inside of, say a bowl, or if the clear is onthe outside of the pot, then it crazes horribly. If we prevent thevapor from hitting the surface of the clear, it does well. (or if itis very thin on the outside of the pot). This glaze does very well inour wood fire kiln-no crazing at all. It will be matt if it doesn'tget a good cone 10 if that helps any. Pat ChesneyPat-Chesney@easy.com Waco, TexasGlaze name: Clear Eva'sCone: 10Color: clearTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kingman feldspar	27.50Kentucky ball clay	20.10Whiting	19.60Silica	32.80Comments:This glaze is wonderful over porcelain. Clear with maybe a tint of green if your clay isdark. Made up with OM 4 instead it is perfectly clear. Does notcrackle unless pretty thick. Can be used very thinly, covers well.Real good with colorants, either under or over. Copper goes red.Works also with Custer. submitted by: Eleanora Eden e-mail:eden@SOVER.NETGlaze name: Clear GeorgiaCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TransparentRecipe:Potash feldspar	30.00Ball clay	20.00Whiting	20.00Flint	30.00Comments:Variations --try 5% Gerstley Borate or Frit 3124 if not clear enoughGlaze name: Clear GillCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TransparentRecipe:Soda feldspar	26.00Whiting	20.00Kaolin	20.00Silica	32.00Zinc oxide	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Clear GranatelliCone: 9Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TransparentSource: Susan FilleyRecipe:Potash feldspar	40.00Whiting	15.00Dolomite	7.00Gerstley borate	8.00Zinc oxide	6.00Ball clay	24.00Flint	21.50Comments:+ 10% rutile = gaudy blue. From Sylvie Granatelli via Susan Filley.Glaze name: Clear HaystackCone: 9-10Color: ClearTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentFlow: SlightDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer feldspar	20.00Nepheline syenite	5.00Whiting	25.00EPK	20.00Flint	30.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Dependable clear. UF shop glaze.Glaze name: Clear Hensley'sCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.00Gerstley borate	13.00Barium carbonate	5.00Whiting	8.50Flint	29.00Grolleg	10.00Frit 3110	3.00Tin oxide	1.00Comments:From Sam Chung.Variations --3% Barnard clay for blue celadon.Glaze name: Clear matt Hewitt'sCone: 8Color: translucent whiteTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Transparency: TransparentRecipe:Cornwall Stone	45.05China clay	19.82Dolomite	20.72Whiting	5.41Talc	9.01Comments:If an areais double dipped it comes out whiter so it is sensitive to thicknessand drips or runs want to be avoided unless the variation inthickness and colour suits your pot. If I fire above cone 8 itprogresses to being shiny. I think it would be the same in reduction.David Hewitt <david@dhpot.demon.co.uk> David Hewitt<david@dhpot.demon.co.uk> David Hewitt Pottery Caerleon, Tel:- 01633420647 7 Fairfield Road, Caerleon, Newport, South Wales, UK. URLhttp://digitalfire.com/magic/hewitt.htmGlaze name: Clear matt Hewitt'sCone: 8Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Transparency: TranslucentRecipe:Cornwall Stone	45.05China clay	19.82Dolomite	20.72Whiting	5.41Talc	9.01Comments:Originally specified Cornish stone insteadh of Cornwall stone. Iroutinely use a glaze which I fire to cone 8 oxidation which is mattand which I apply over coloured slips. These colours show through theglaze, if that meets your requirement of 'clear'. I use it over abuff stoneware and describe the colour as light oatmeal. If an areais double dipped it comes out whiter so it is sensitive to thicknessand drips or runs want to be avoided unless the variation inthickness and colour suits your pot. If I fire above cone 8 itprogresses to being shiny. I think it would be the same in reduction.--- 111 total UNITY FORMULA K2O .045 Al2O3 .346 SiO2 1.943 Na2O .071MgO .442 CaO .442 COEFF of EXPANSION McLindon 5.87 x 10 -6 C Linearor 2.93 x 10 -7 % English & Turner 4.63 x 10 -6 C Linear or 2.31 x 10-7 % David Hewitt <david@dhpot.demon.co.uk> David Hewitt<david@dhpot.demon.co.uk> David Hewitt Pottery Caerleon, Tel:- 01633420647 7 Fairfield Road, Caerleon, Newport, South Wales, UK. URLhttp://digitalfire.com/magic/hewitt.htmGlaze name: Clear Meloy  revisedCone: 8-10Color: very clearTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: TransparentVisual texture: very clearCrystals: NoneBubbles: FewFlow: SlightDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer feldspar	39.92Whiting	16.45EPK Kaolin	11.80Flint	31.84Bentonite	1.00Epsom salts	0.10Comments: Revised by adding more flint to make a slightly lower thermalexpansion and stop crazing. This was the best clear I found intesting about 9 or 10 clear recipes. Many were good clears but had aslight celadon tinge. This one is stable, clear and light grey overwhite stoneware with no appreciable greenish hue. No crazing over theshop clay bodies  (commercially available west coast stonewareclays). RB SDSU 1994*How long have you been using this glaze? two years*Where is it used? San Diego State University*Where did this recipe come from? originally Meloy Clear (origin unknown, maybe Pete Meloy?) Looks tobe a variation on the classic 4-3-2-1 Leach clear.*What do you like most about this glaze? very clear, applies well, few glaze faults, cheap to make, non-toxic.*Is this glaze reliable? yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? no*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? may work as low as cone 6 but with reduced clarity.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? no problems*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? average consistency.*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? thin to medium thickness for best clarity, thinner on porcelain.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? works well with most other stoneware glazes.*What is your kiln type and size? Alpine 30 cu. ft. updraft gas kiln*How do you typically fire? 12-16 hour heating, reduction from cone 06 to cone 8, more neutralatmosphere after that. no soak. 24-36 hour cooling.*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? no*Any other comments? Unity Formula for MELOY CLEAR revised-  0.188 K2O     0.485 Al2O3     4.725 SiO2  0.083 Na2O    0.004 TiO2  0.729 CaO     9.7:1 Si:Al Ratio Percentage Analysis-    71.44 % SiO2    12.43 % Al2O3     4.46 % K2O     1.28 % Na2O    10.30 % CaO     0.08 % TiO2*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Richard Burkett (richard.burkett@sdsu.edu) Ice Cream Flavor: Ben & Jerry's Cranberry Orange sorbet  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Clear MilkyCone: 11Color: ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TranslucentRecipe:EPK	15.38Whiting	15.38Custer feldspar	30.77Silica	38.46Comments:Glaze name: Clear Pete's BlushingCone: 8-10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer spar	39.00Whiting	17.50Flint	30.00Grolleg	8.50Gerstley borate	5.00Bone ash	1.50Tin oxide	1.00Comments:Pete Pinnell. Best on porcelain. Trail Strontium Matt: Green over it for spectaculargreen and flashing red, or apply a thin layer over Pete's Cranberry for a nicebroken purple.Glaze name: Clear PinnellCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TransparentRecipe:Potash feldspar	25.00Whiting	20.00Grolleg	20.00Silica	35.00Comments:Glaze name: Clear Pinnell Hi FireCone: 8-10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	28.00Grolleg	20.00Flint	26.00Wollastonite	18.00Strontium carbonate	8.00Comments:From Peter Beasecker.Variations --Sam's Celadon: + blackbird 3% + Tin ox. 2%Glaze name: Clear Pinnell Hi Fire RecalcCone: 8-10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	28.90Kaolin - theoretical	16.40Silica	32.70Whiting	14.40Strontium carbonate	7.50Comments:From Peter Beasecker.Variations --Sam's Celadon: + blackbird 3% + Tin ox. 2%Glaze name: Clear TinCone: 10Color: ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TransparentRecipe:Potash feldspar	25.00Whiting	25.00Kaolin	18.00Silica	32.00tin	1.00Comments:Variations --add 5% Gerstley Borate?Glaze name: Clear/TransparentCone: 9-10Color: ClearTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentCrystals: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Potash feldspar	26.60Whiting	20.60EPK	19.50Flint (silica)	32.20Bentonite	1.00Comments: This is an excellent transparent/clear glaze that is very hard anddurable. I have used it over colored slip, with sgraffito into theslip and with oxides and stains brushed over it and the decorationsdon't move. This glaze can be brought to the VERY edge of the footwithout moving. I use it inside of all my functional work and whendecorating with colored slips I use it over the whole surface of thepot. It is an excellent glaze that will always perform well especiallywhen you are in a hurry to get things fired. No surprises. Food-safe.*Variations: Can add 1/4 % Copper Carbonate for Light Green in Oxidation ^9-10firing.*How long have you been using this glaze? Almost 20 years*Where is it used? In my studio*Where did this recipe come from? I got this recipe from Kieth Campbell from Ontario, Canada butbelieve that it is an Alfred Univ. glaze originally*What do you like most about this glaze? There are no surprises and I can count on it every time. Its foodsafe.*Is this glaze reliable? Very*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? Crazes if applied TOO THICK.*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Electric/Oxidation or Gas fired/Reduction or neutral fire are allequally as good.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? On porcelain and white stoneware it is clear white. On buff and orred bodies it goes somewhat grey because of the iron in the clays.Very pleasent on all clays. I have tested and used on all the aboveclays.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? The consistancy of my glazes is like homo milk. The normalconsistancy. I dip to the count of 5 - 10.*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Normal. I spray this glaze as well to 1/16th of an inch or better.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? I like it the way it is for my work.  Test your glazes and see whathappens. I have sprayed other glazes on rims etc. and all worked fine.*What is your kiln type and size? 30 cu.ft. downdraft gas kiln.*How do you typically fire? Heating...pilots (4) on over night or at least a 9 hour period.Burners (4) on low over night or till cone 07 is down. Turn up theburners to 1/2 way mid. reduce kiln for 30 to 45 mins. depending onthe weather.  Cut the reduction (open dampers to almost open and alight reduction till cone 10 falls. Clear kiln, shut off and seal. Slow 36 hour cool before cracking the door and work comes out inabout 48 hours.*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? NO....this glaze can be stirred easily even after 8 weeks of non useand stays stirred for long periods of time while glazing. I make alarge green garbage pail of my well used glazes and they last me fora yr. or more.  No smells etc.*What is your water pH? City water.*Any other comments? Try this glaze...it will be a main stay in your studio. ;>}}}*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Peggy Heer / Heer Pottery (p4337@connect.ab.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Chocolate  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Cobalt Green (from CM)Cone: 10Color: rich greenTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Gerstley borate	2.00Whiting	5.00Nepheline syenite	70.00Petalite	15.00Ball clay	8.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Rutile	2.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Nice, rich, appealing. Unlike any green you've ever seen. Breakswhite over raised decoration. Viscosity is important as glaze varieswith thickness. Thick=bright green, medium=dark green,thin=grey-blue. I use Dave's porcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine<beezer@aloha.net> on the north shore of KauaiGlaze name: Coleman Apple GreenCone: 9 - 10Color: Green CeladonTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K Celadon 4-3-2-1Transparency: TransparentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:K-200 Feldspar	44.00EPK	10.00Whiting	18.00Flint	28.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:This is a 4,3,2,1, slightly revised. The original Tom Coleman Greenhad 0.25% Chrome oxide to get that green green celadon.Glaze name: Coleman's PurpleCone: 10Color: purple redTesting: Surface: shiny, glossyFiring: Recipe:Barium carbonate	4.98Dolomite	4.97Gerstley borate	4.97Whiting	7.96Zinc oxide	2.49Custer feldspar	49.75Silica (200m)	24.88Tin oxide	1.00Cobalt carbonate	0.24Copper carbonate	1.99Comments:I've used the following Coleman Purple (Cone 10, reduction) with goodresults. It came from the September 1984 Ceramics Monthly. Inaddition to this glaze, there are other excellent glazes toexperiment with. Try the Oxblood Red Glaze. submitted by: RandyBrodnax e-mail: RCB3431@dcccd.eduGlaze name: Cone 9 Crackle GlazeCone: 9Color: whiteTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Ferro frit 3269	9.90Lithium carbonate	4.60Calcined kaolin	16.00EPK	8.00Silica	61.50Bentonite	2.00Comments:add CMC 1 tsp (Ferro frit 3269 substituted directly for Pemco 25) AtCone 9 it looks like the frosting on a glazed donut with only a fewbubbles. It has not moved or melted at all except for tiny areaswhere it looks very nice. I was told the Frit was a direct substitutefor the Pemco #25 in the original recipe but this must have beenwrong. Any help Thanks Chris chris campbell <ccpottery@aol.com>Glaze name: Conrad G375 Moonlight BlueCone: 10Color: rutile blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: OxidationRecipe:Cornwall Stone	63.81Gerstley borate	14.30Silica (A-25 best)	7.60Whiting	7.60EPK	4.80Zinc oxide	1.90Cobalt carbonate	0.50Rutile (powdered)	3.20Ilmenite (325 mesh best)	2.00Comments:(Mile Hi in Denver has Ilmenite). Likes a fast cooling to developthat electric blue. One dip gives you brown, two dips a deep blue.Tends to break on ridges. Where real heavy you get white. Flows quitea bit, especially combined with other glazes. Watch your bottomfeet,try to give it a good foot or a strong ridge to stop flow.Tapering the bottom edge with a straight edge helps too. Otherwiseyour shelf will be a beautiful shade of blue. If thick, tends topinhole, likes to dry and be rubbed out before firing. Tempermentalglaze---can crawl just enough to make you crazy generally under rimsand on the inside of rims....probably is thicker there and shrinkswhen drying. To Mix, we've found it best to dissolve the Cornwallfirst and let set a bit, then add everything else. Screen through a40 once and an 80mesh twice for finest crystalization. This is acompilation of several background messages re: the Conrad Moonlight.We use Conrads Moonlight (which was discussed about 6 months agohere) with about 1/2%cobalt Carb. added. It's a cone 10 glaze. Ifirst started using it in electric firing, and a year ago switched togas. At first in the gas, it was muddier and tended toward rutileblue-green. Then, experimenting, we cooled the kiln faster to matchthe curve of the electrics. Voila, nice sharp crystals and blue. Italso seems to be quite sensitive to temperature, over fire it and itgrabs iron from anywhere and goes blue green or brownish. I alsomight note that it is quite sensitive to application. It must go onthick to develop a good blue. (even sometimes giving almost purple).Thick in the bucket, double dip as soon as the sheen leaves, drycompletely, then rub lightly everywhere and especially on compundcurves. This is a Cornwall recipe and tends to crawl if not thorughlybonded to the clay surface. The thickness required doesn't help.Don't know what it might do at c6 but if you can get it there, theabove notes might help. One note, I mentioned that it's sensitive totemp. It's happiest between 9-1/2 and 10-1/2. Also we use it on awhite stoneware. On iron body clays, it tends toward blue green orbrown-green...not too pretty. Joyce brought up a good pointThe rutileblue Moonlight from Conrad (G375) is r understand, most rutile bluesare. The way we work around this is to provide a ridge at the footand, when Betsy applies the glaze, she takes a stainless rib andcarves a taper into the ridge. Sounds time consuming, and is, but itgoes pretty fast after you've done (not had) a few. The main time welose pieces from running now is where there's an overlap with anotherglaze, especially Temmoku. But by keeping it high on the pot, it canbe controlled. Good Luck. It can be a fantastic rutile blue, bestI've seen. I'll be off the list for a week, at Rosen, but will pulldigests during the week. Tom Wirt Clay Coyote Pottery Hutchinson, MNclaypot@hutchtel.netGlaze name: Copper BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: deep turquoise blue/greenTesting: Surface: dry mattFiring: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	57.50Barium carbonate	26.50Kentucky OM #4	6.20Flint	7.10Lithium carbonate	2.70Copper carbonate	2.70Comments:from H.S. days at Gould Academy I'd had this glaze mixed up for yearsand retried it. Very dry matt deep turquoise blue/green going to tealwhere thick. Beige where thin. Didn't react well to CB slip Well Ifinally got around to typing this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank youone and all for all the donated recipes. I only tested 31 out ofalmost 100 I received. I'll continue testing and reporting as thewinter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller clay whichis a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed witha thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glazewas dipped in three thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tileswere fired to a (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Bodyreduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox.before shutdown. Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I usedG-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of theamount of Barium with Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember...glazes don't travel well. Your results will probably be TOTALLYdifferent. Please test before use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922email: saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Copper Blue (for exterior surfaces only)Cone: 10Color: turquoise blueTesting: Surface: matteFiring: soda saltRecipe:Barium carbonate	35.00Calcium carbonate	7.00Custer feldspar	45.00Kaolin	6.00Silica	7.00Copper carbonate	4.00Comments:Here is a salt-fire glaze I plan to use when I get my Geil kiln withportholes for soda/salt firing. This came with a video I purchasedmade by Gordon Hutchens, who is beyond excellent. I think it'scricket to share since it's sold for public consumption. Gordon'svideo on Raku Firing, and his two on Soda/Salt firing are superb.Along with many posts of wise, thoughtful guidance from Clayartersplus Jack Troy's book (through the library) I'm gonna be ready whenthat kiln gets here...a long time from now. I can't believe the timesome of you took in your responses. I can be grateful, though. Thankyou. Joyce joyce lee <meunier@ridgecrest.ca.us> In the Mojave after awet, cold, snowy day crossing the Tehachapi Mts. to Bakersfield.Well, no, not on foot...Glaze name: Copper RedCone: 10Color: redTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	12.50Custer feldspar	22.44Silica	32.94Colemanite	15.82Zinc oxide	9.28Barium carbonate	7.03Copper carbonate	2.24Tin oxide	1.68Comments:Glazes containing barium may not be safe for ware intended for usewith food - test them for barium release. submitted by: June M. Perrye-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Copper Red (Dick Lehman)Cone: 9 - 10 - 11Color: copper redTesting: UntestedSurface: glossy, shinyFiring: reductionRecipe:Dolomite	12.00Strontium carbonate	6.00Whiting	8.00Nepheline syenite	37.00Kaolin	2.00Flint	35.00Tin oxide	3.00Copper carbonate	0.50Comments:The following two glazes are the copper red recipe's I've had themost success with from rafael molina-rodriguez (rafaelmolina-rodriguez)Glaze name: Copper Red (from Dick Lehman)Cone: 9 - 11Color: copper redTesting: Surface: glossy, shinyFiring: Recipe:Dolomite	12.00Strontium carbonate	6.00Whiting	8.00Nepheline syenite	37.00Kaolin	2.00Flint	35.00Tin oxide	3.00Copper carbonate	0.50Comments:The following two glazes are the copper red recipe's I've had themost success with from rafael molina-rodriguez (rafaelmolina-rodriguez) <rmr3431@dcccd.edu>Glaze name: Copper Red (from Walter Donald Kring)Cone: 9 - 11Color: copper redTesting: Surface: glossy, shinyFiring: Recipe:Gerstley borate	9.10Whiting	14.27Nepheline syenite	44.26Potash feldspar	6.20Kaolin	2.59Flint	23.58Copper carbonate	0.41Tin oxide	1.04Comments:The following two glazes are the copper red recipe's I've had themost success with from rafael molina-rodriguez (rafaelmolina-rodriguez) <rmr3431@dcccd.edu>Glaze name: Copper Red (U. Houston)Cone: 9-11Color: oxblood redTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper red (Oxblood)Transparency: TranslucentVisual texture: sometimes speckledFlow: ModerateDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer feldspar	42.50Silica	25.00Colemanite	17.50Whiting	2.50Ferro 3134	10.00Copper carbonate	1.00Tin oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	0.50Bentonite	1.00Comments: This glaze is a very wonderful red, but like all reds, it's verytemperamental.  A heavy reduction at the end is recommended.  Firingtime should be between 12 and 20 hours.  Not enough reduction duringthe firing will cause the glaze to be clear.*How long have you been using this glaze? I've used this glaze off and on for 2 years.*Where is it used? University of Houston*Where did this recipe come from? This could be a Carlton Ball glaze, but I'm not sure.*Is this glaze reliable? The firing process is what's difficult about this glaze.  You shouldstart reducing around cone 5 and do a heavy reduction at the end.*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? You should make sure the surface of the pot is clean of dust.*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Too muddy of a reduction will cause the copper to burn out.  Toolittle will cause the glaze to run clear.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? White or light bodies are best, but it does work on red clay bodies.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Once you have mixed the glaze with water, you need to use it thatday. A thick application is best. Dipped if possible.  Once mixed theelements settle out and will not work if remixed.*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? The thicker the better, but the glaze will run.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? It works great with rutile glazes.*What is your kiln type and size? I used an updraft reduction kiln about 9 cubic feet.*How do you typically fire? I build temperature up to a cone 6 then reduce there for an hour,then go the rest of the way up reducing all the way.  With a heavyreduction at the end.  Then let it cool completely with all holesplugged and dampers shut tight.*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? Keep materials dry until you are ready to use.  It will not staymixed and the chemicals alter if left wet for more than 48 hours.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Suzanne (SuzZim@swbell.com)  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Copper Red (Walter Donald Kring)Cone: 9 - 10 - 11Color: copper redTesting: UntestedSurface: glossy, shinyFiring: reductionRecipe:Gerstley borate	9.10Whiting	14.30Nepheline syenite	44.30Potash feldspar	6.20Kaolin	2.60Flint	23.60Copper carbonate	0.40Tin oxide	1.00Comments:The following two glazes are the copper red recipe's I've had themost success with from rafael molina-rodriguez (rafaelmolina-rodriguez)Glaze name: Copper Red 2Cone: 10Color: redTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	12.50Custer feldspar	22.40Silica	32.90Colemanite	15.80Zinc oxide	9.30Barium carbonate	7.00Copper carbonate	2.20Tin oxide	1.70Comments:submitted by: June M. Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Copper Red 3Cone: 9Color: redTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	42.35Whiting	10.46Kaolin	2.04Silica	22.70Gerstley borate	13.27Potash feldspar	9.18Tin oxide	1.70Copper carbonate	0.26Comments:One of the 'Copper Reds' that I have used most consistantly with goodresults, is one which from my reading seems to be credited to BothTom Coleman and Brisson. I fire this glaze to cone 10 just tipping.If over-fired the red starts to burn out. The glaze is a strong RED,which under heavy reduction and where it is thick tends toward an oilspot effect. Be careful with thick pplication at the bottom of thepiece, as there is a fine point at the end of the firing where theglaze tends to run. Presistance with this glaze is well worthwhile.submitted by: David Stuchbery. e-mail:stuchber@redgum.bendigo.latrobe.edu.auGlaze name: Copper Red COLEMAN'SCone: 10Color: RedTesting: Surface: shiny, glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Silica	36.00Nepheline syenite	20.43Custer feldspar	15.57Whiting	15.73Colemanite	10.80EPK	1.48Tin oxide	1.72Copper carbonate	0.43Comments:from David Cuzick- (Silica -the finer the better to reduce crazing)note the very small percentage of copper carb. this glaze does not need toomuch reduction, it is a purple red. The formulation may needadjusting for some clay bodies because of crazing.  David CuzickClaycuzian@aol.comGlaze name: Copper Red DependableCone: 10Color: Translucent RedTesting: Surface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Zinc oxide (calcined)	4.60Talc	3.60Whiting	13.20Ferro frit 3134	11.00Kona F-4 feldspar	46.20Silica	16.20EPK	5.30Copper carbonate	0.70Tin oxide	1.00Bentonite	1.50Comments:Oxblood needs to be thick mp. Begin reduction at cone 012 fairly heavy andthen go into moderate reduction after cone 05 drops. Continuemoderate to light reduction until cone 10 then a brief oxidationperiod of about 10 minutes. If you over-reduce it will be liver brownand under reduced will be celadon. One solution to a problem (uneven,spotty reduction and under reduced)we had was to turn down the gasand air. To slow it down and reduce at the above schedule. We werefiring in an Alpine updraft with blowers and just running the sameschedule as the people who fired before us. 4 pounds pressure (natural gas) with theblowers at 70. Something like that. But we reduced the gas and theair and the firing was 100% better. No more spotty reduction orunreduced pots. (I kind of miss those unwanted interesting resultsthough.) submitted by: John Britt e-mail: claydude@erinet.comGlaze name: Copper Red ICone: 10Color: Translucent copper RedTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	48.18Whiting	13.64Silica	15.45Ferro Frit 3110	9.09Zinc oxide	4.55Talc	3.64Kaolin	5.45Copper carbonate	0.91Tin oxide	1.36Comments:My experience with copper red is that what matters most is to beginreduction at cone 012 fairly heavy and then go into moderatereduction after cone 05 drops. Continue moderate to light reductionuntil cone 10 then a brief oxidation peroid of about 10 minutes. Ifyou over reduce it will be liver brown and under reduced will beceladon. One solution to a problem (uneven, spotty reduction andunder reduced)we had was to turn down the gas and air. To slow itdown and reduce at the above schedule. We were firing in an Alpineupdraft with blowers and just running the same schedule as the peoplewho fired before us. (It was a community center). They were firing at4 pounds pressure (natural gas) with the blowers at 70. Somethinglike that. But we reduced the gas and the air and the firing was 100%better. No more spotty reduction or unreduced pots. (I kind of missthose unwanted interesting results though.) submitted by: John Britte-mail: claydude@erinet.comGlaze name: Copper Red No. 21Cone: 10Color: RedTesting: UntestedSurface: WaxyFiring: reductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Zinc oxide	7.00Whiting	10.00Feldspar	68.00EPK	8.00Silica	7.00Copper carbonate	1.00Tin oxide	2.00Comments: glazes from John Kenney's book that I used for copper redsand found them very interesting. No. 21, bristol glaze with Tin Oxide2% and copper carbonate 1-2% gives a soft, smooth, red. I'm not surewhich I used F-4 or Custer. This glaze is rated at 4-8. I used a fastcool when I fired these and all reds. submitted by: Linda Blossome-mail: LBlos72758@aol.com source for original recipe: John KenneyGlaze name: Copper red No. 25Cone: 10Color: RedTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	26.50Whiting	6.50Wollastonite	5.00Barium carbonate	5.00Zinc oxide	2.50Kentucky OM #4	12.00Borax	13.00Soda ash	2.50Silica	27.00Copper carbonate	1.50Tin oxide	1.00Comments:glazes from John Kenney's book that I used for copper redsand found them very interesting. No. 25, rated at cone 8 - 12, doeswell at cone 6 - less runny. With copper carbonate 1 and 1/2 % andTin at 1%, it gives a dependable, full, flambe. submitted by: LindaBlossom e-mail: LBlos72758@aol.com source for original recipe: JohnKenneyGlaze name: Copper Red Ox BloodCone: 10Color: copper redTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny, glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper red (Sang de boeuf)Recipe:Nepheline syenite	42.40Silica	22.70Colemanite	13.30Whiting	10.50Custer feldspar	9.20EPK	2.00Tin oxide	1.70Copper oxide	0.30Comments:this glaze needs good reduction to turn red. I use it on porcelainmost of the time. Dear fellow potters, Here are two CONE 10 reductioncopper red glazes. I have used these glazes for years, they do work,but must be fired correctly to get the red. I will not go into thecorrect firing of copper reds because it depens so much on the kilnand burner set up you have. I have found that some kilns simply donot produce good copper reds by any method I was able to fire themwhile others produced reds easly. I fire in an Olsen 36 cu. ft. updraft soft brick kiln with only moderate reduction and get goodconsistant bright copper reds t hroughout the kiln. Good luck andgood potting. David Cuzick Claycuzian@aol.comGlaze name: Copper Red Pablo'sCone: 9 - 10Color: RedTesting: Surface: glossy, shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	46.20Flint	19.80EPK	2.50Whiting	8.20Gerstley borate	13.50Zinc oxide	4.00Dolomite	5.90Tin oxide	3.00Copper carbonate	1.50Ferric oxide	0.50Comments:another we commonly use at the Potters Studio in Berkeley. It gives abright red normally - a little darker perhaps than a real strawberryred, but is pretty reliable. We start the reduction early in thefiring, usually by the time 010 is going down.. Liz Dodgelizzardol@aol.com The Potters Studio in Berkeley, CA Where therefreshing rains have begun again... and the fire hazard is lower andthe earthquake hazard remains unpredictable.Glaze name: Copper Red Peach BloomCone: 9 - 10Color: pink to red?Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper red (Peach bloom)Transparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Godfrey feldspar	77.78Colemanite	10.62Whiting	11.60Copper oxide	0.30Tin oxide	1.00Comments:Glaze name: Copper Red Peach BlossomCone: 10Color: PinkTesting: Surface: glossy, shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper red (Peach bloom)Transparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Flint	42.08Nepheline syenite	27.85Gerstley borate	17.26Dolomite	12.82Copper carbonate	0.30Yellow ochre	0.30Tin oxide	0.30Bentonite	1.51Comments:will run a little, don't overfire. Rich surface. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on thenorth shore of KauaiGlaze name: Copper Red Pete's CranberryCone: 10Color: SemiOpaque Copper RedTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Gerstley borate	10.20Whiting	11.10Custer feldspar	73.80Silica	4.90Tin oxide	1.00Copper carbonate	0.30Comments:Pete Pinnell: most dependable copper red. Goes a bit flambe very thickor over-reduced. Runs less than most copper reds.My experience with copper red is that what matters most is to beginreduction at cone 012 fairly heavy and then go into moderatereduction after cone 05 drops. Continue moderate to light reductionuntil cone 10 then a brief oxidation peroid of about 10 minutes. Ifyou over reduce it will be liver brown and under reduced will beceladon. One solution to a problem (uneven, spotty reduction andunder reduced)we had was to turn down the gas and air. To slow itdown and reduce at the above schedule. We were firing in an Alpineupdraft with blowers and just running the same schedule as the peoplewho fired before us. (It was a community center). They were firing at4 pounds pressure (natural gas) with the blowers at 70. Somethinglike that. But we reduced the gas and the air and the firing was 100%better. No more spotty reduction or unreduced pots. (I kind of missthose unwanted interesting results though.) submitted by: John Britte-mail: claydude@erinet.comGlaze name: Copper Red Pete's Red-OrangeCone: 9-10Color: RedTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	48.00Gerstley borate	14.00Whiting	10.00Flint	28.00Copper carbonate	0.30Tin oxide	1.02Comments:Pete Pinnell. Flocculate to prevent settling.Runs a bit more than Pete's Cranberry.Breaks and mottles nicely.Glaze name: Copper Red Pete's Red-Orange testCone: 9-10Color: RedTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar - theoretical	50.00Whiting	8.80Silica	11.00Frit 3134	23.60Kaolin - theoretical	9.30Copper carbonate	0.30Tin oxide	1.00Comments:Pete Pinnell. Flocculate to prevent settling.Runs a bit more than Pete's Cranberry.Breaks and mottles nicely.Glaze name: copper red reduction glazeCone: 8 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer spar	52.09Magnesium carb	3.12Flint	31.25Whiting	13.54Copper oxide	1.04Tin oxide	3.12Comments:fire in reduction 900 c to 1300 c fire down at 1180 for 20 minutresfrom Hal Harold J. McWHINNIE Email: Harold_J_McWHINNIE@umail.umd.edu(hm9) Phone:53125Glaze name: Copper Red Sang De BoeufCone: 10Color: oxblood redTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper red (Sang de boeuf)Transparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Godfrey feldspar	77.78Colemanite	10.62Whiting	11.60Copper oxide	0.30Tin oxide	1.00Comments:(or Maine) Feldspar Copper oxide (0.3% of batch), Tin oxide (1.0% ofbatch). The good 'ol Chinese Stoneware Glazes book by Grebanier hasallot about copper reds and peach blooms. The one formula that is forcone 10 (most should be fired to no more that cone 9) is below. It isa deep, semi-mat red; (when fired to cone 9, it produces a peachbloom, somewhat more mat.) Where thick it develops a slight bluishopalescence. Best results are achieved with a white slip under theglaze. Also note the Godfrey or Maine feldspar: I have lookedeverywhere and know now that it is no longer available. The bestsubstitute, as I know it, is neph syenite. Also note it's a veryrunny glaze! If you decide on some Cone 9 fireings, let me know, ortry to get your hands on a copy of Grebanier. Good luck.. source fororiginal recipe: Grebanier submitted by: Susan Maguire e-mail:smaguire@bcfreenet.seflin.lib.fl.usGlaze name: Crackle GlazeCone: 9Color: whiteTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Ferro frit 3269	9.90Lithium carbonate	4.60Calcined kaolin	16.00EPK	8.00Silica	61.50Bentonite	2.00Comments:add CMC 1 tsp (Ferro frit 3269 substituted directly for Pemco 25) AtCone 9 it looks like the frosting on a glazed donut with only a fewbubbles. It has not moved or melted at all except for tiny areaswhere it looks very nice. I was told the Frit was a direct substitutefor the Pemco #25 in the original recipe but this must have beenwrong. Any help Thanks Chris chris campbell <ccpottery@aol.com>Glaze name: crawl HopperCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: CrawlFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: TextureTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	30.00Frit 3134	10.00Magnesium carbonate	31.00Frit 3195	6.00Talc	8.00Zinc oxide	6.00EPK	19.00Comments:I have used Robbin Hoppers LG1 (ceramic spectrum p. 211) up to cone 10 and even insalt and it does fine. Nancy Udell <nuwebmail@COMCAST.NET>Glaze name: crawl whiteCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: CrawlFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: TextureTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	70.00Magnesium carbonate	30.00Comments:crawly glaze that looks like dried out mud. Pam Cresswell<pamcresswell@SBCGLOBAL.NET>Glaze name: Cream MattCone: 10Color: whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: mattFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	56.00Whiting	23.40Kaolin	20.60Comments:PEGGY HEER email: p4337@freenet.edmonton.ab.ca 9702 76 AVENUE phone:433-0290 EDMONTON, AB. CANADA T6E 1K3Variations --For opaque white add 5 pts TitaniumFor oatmeal tan add 5 pts. rutileGlaze name: Crimson ReevesCone: 9Color: RedTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	75.00Whiting	15.00Flint	5.00Kaolin	5.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:From Margaret Bohls. Red in oxidation, celadon-esque in reduction.Variations --+ 7.5% Crimson Mason StainGlaze name: Crystal Blue #383 Emmanuel Cooper'sCone: 10Color: slate blue w/crystalsTesting: Surface: gloss w/ crystallineFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: CrystallineTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: SmallRecipe:G-200 feldspar	36.84Whiting	10.53Dolomite	21.05Flint	31.58Rutile	10.53Bentonite	5.26Cobalt carbonate	1.58Comments:(May use Custer instead of G-200.)Quite variable. At its best a beautiful slate blue with small crystals(1/16) peppering the surface (green centers w/ white halo). slightlyfluid. Narrow firing range, just Knock down ^10 and leave it at that,soak it slightly cooler. I usually soak between 2050-2150 F ( I thinkmy pyrometer is a little low). Soak time is important. Longer soakand the crystals completely cover the surface. I found a 1/2 hr soakwas about right. beautiful no matter how you fire it. I've sold a lotof this. I use Dave's porcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine<beezer@aloha.net> on the north shore of KauaiGlaze name: Crystal C9 CR321 SnowflakeCone: 9Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: CrystallineTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Frit 3110	57.00Zinc oxide	25.00Flint	18.00Comments:From Conrad "Contemporary Ceramic Formulas" . Soak for 3 hours. Snowflake crystals,frost white. Crazes where thick.Glaze name: Crystal Cinnamon ShinyCone: 10Color: BrownTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CrystallineTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	47.00Whiting	18.00EPK	7.00Silica	28.00Rutile	6.00Red iron oxide	10.00Cobalt carbonate	0.50Comments:Glaze name: Crystal ShaneresqueCone: 9-10Color: Brown - greyTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CrystallineTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: CrystallineCrystals: Medium (dispersed)Recipe:Custer feldspar	67.30Whiting	2.79Talc	1.35Flint	3.60Manganese dioxide	20.50Red iron oxide	3.60Comments:From Peter Beasecker. Cool gracefully for best crystal formation.Variations --bronze: + copper carb 10% (in addition to MnO2 and RIO)Glaze name: Crystalline Aaonsen & JohnsonCone: 8Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: macro crystallineFiring: oxidationGlaze type: CrystallineTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Ferro frit 3110	61.90Zinc oxide	23.81Silica	14.29Comments:dave eickholt <davesglaze@aol.com>Variations --Plus 2% titianium dioxide will yield white add other oxides also withtitianium ex 2% copper carb. & 1/2 % cobalt carb . will give a bluecrystal /green background holding temp.after melt cone 8 should beabout 1900 to 1850 F.Glaze name: Crystalline baseCone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Glaze type: CrystallineRecipe:Feldspar	54.70Zinc oxide	17.70Silica	15.70Whiting	11.80Bentonite	1.00Comments:From ConradGlaze name: Crystalline Derek ClarksonCone: 6Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: CrystallineTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Frit 3110	44.00Zinc oxide	33.00Flint	21.00Alumina hydrate	0.40Kaolin	0.60Titanium dioxide	6.00Comments:Variations --1. copper carb 6%2. Copper Carb .4% + Manganese Diox 1.2%3. copper carb 3.5% + cobalt Carbonate .5%Glaze name: Crystalline Glaze HewittCone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: crystallineFiring: Recipe:Ferro frit 3110	52.08Zinc oxide	26.04Silica	20.83China clay	1.04Titanium dioxide	5.21Comments:Note that this glaze did not have a cone specified, but it appears tobe a cone 9 glaze. I do not have experience with crystalline glazesbut I do know of an excellent article that appeared in Ceramic ReviewNo.137 (Sept/Oct 1992) by Derek Clarkson. His recipes are all basedon the previous approximate percentages. The china clay was listed asChina Clay/Alumina Colouring Oxides - cobalt, copper and manganesemost often used, followed by iron and nickel. The article gives tenspecific recipes around the above with colour illustrations to showthe very dramatic crystal effects. For each of these examples thearticle also gives the firing details of the times of crystal growingperiods and the diameter of the largest crystal. There is also a massof detail on the application of the glazes with copiousillustrations. Derek Clarkson says that Porcelain bodies are the mostsuitable. White stoneware bodies can also be used but the crystalsare smaller. If you are unable to get sight of a copy of this articleplease contact me by e-mail if you want further information.submitted by: David Hewitt e-mail: david@dhpot.demon.co.ukGlaze name: Crystalline Glaze HewittCone: 9Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: crystallineFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Ferro Frit 3110	52.08Zinc oxide	26.04Silica	20.83China clay	1.04Titanium dioxide	5.21Comments:[Note that this glaze did not have a cone specified, but it appearsto be a cone 9 glaze.] I do not have experience with crystallineglazes but I do know of an excellent article that appeared in CeramicReview No.137 (Sept/Oct 1992) by Derek Clarkson. His recipes are allbased on the previous approximate percentages. The china clay waslisted as China Clay/Alumina Colouring Oxides - cobalt, copper andmanganese most often used, followed by iron and nickel. The articlegives ten specific recipes around the above with colour illustrationsto show the very dramatic crystal effects. For each of these examplesthe article also gives the firing details of the times of crystalgrowing periods and the diameter of the largest crystal. There isalso a mass of detail on the application of the glazes with copiousillustrations. Derek Clarkson says that Porcelain bodies are the mostsuitable. White stoneware bodies can also be used but the crystalsare smaller. If you are unable to get sight of a copy of this articleplease contact me by e-mail if you want further information.submitted by: David Hewitt e-mail: david@dhpot.demon.co.ukGlaze name: Crystalline HewittCone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: crystallineFiring: Glaze type: CrystallineRecipe:Ferro frit 3110	52.08Zinc oxide	26.04Silica	20.83China clay	1.04Titanium dioxide	5.21Comments:Note that this glaze did not have a cone specified, but it appears tobe a cone 9 glaze. I do not have experience with crystalline glazesbut I do know of an excellent article that appeared in Ceramic ReviewNo.137 (Sept/Oct 1992) by Derek Clarkson. The china clay was listed asChina Clay/Alumina Colouring Oxides - cobalt, copper and manganesemost often used, followed by iron and nickel. The article gives tenspecific recipes around the above with colour illustrations to showthe very dramatic crystal effects. For each of these examples thearticle also gives the firing details of the times of crystal growingperiods and the diameter of the largest crystal. There is also a massof detail on the application of the glazes with copiousillustrations. Derek Clarkson says that Porcelain bodies are the mostsuitable. White stoneware bodies can also be used but the crystalsare smaller. If you are unable to get sight of a copy of this articleplease contact me by e-mail if you want further information.submitted by: David Hewitt e-mail: david@dhpot.demon.co.ukGlaze name: Cushing MatteCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer feldspar	23.64Dolomite	28.18Kaolin	28.18Whiting	13.64Silica	6.36Comments:Does anyone have a glaze that is or looks very much like the glaze onKen Ferguson's casserole on page 58 of the current (June) CM. I'm notpromising the rights to my firstborn, but I'd sure be grateful! Looksto me like a typical matte like Cushing Matte which follows, over abody with pretty good chunks of Manganese Dioxide in it. This glaze,probably from Val Cushing, easily dates from that period. Cone 9-10reduction submitted by: Brad Sondahl e-mail: Sondahl@aol.comGlaze name: Daryl's Dry GlazeCone: 10Color: Opaque WhiteTesting: Surface: Dry MatteFiring: Recipe:EPK	44.44Alumina	44.44Silica	5.56Custer feldspar	5.56Comments:Use calcined alumina (as opposed to Alumina hydrate? Ed.). added tothis for colorants: cobalt carbonate 1%,(blue) copper carbonate 4%(red to green), rutile 4% (light brown) among others. Recently, Ihave been experimenting with some glazes which are variations on mykiln wash receipe of 50% e.p.k. and 50% calcined alumina. I fire thisto cone 10 in soda. submitted by: Daryl Mccracken e-mail:DMccrac555@aol.comGlaze name: David Cuzick Shino #4Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	68.18Spodumene	4.54Kentucky OM #4	18.18EPK	4.55Soda ash	4.55Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: F. Black:Cone: 8 - 10Color: blue to blackTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Recipe:Custer feldspar	32.69Silica	32.69Whiting	15.38Kentucky OM #4	9.62EPK	9.62Red iron oxide	8.00Cobalt carbonate	3.80Comments:The only black I see in Coleman's recipe book that mentions breakingblue ^8-10 reduction Shiny jet black with a slight metallic surface.If it is used thinly over a light colored stoneware or porcelain itwill tend to break blue over edges. It will shift slightly at cone10. joyce lee, jim lee <meunier@ridgecrest.ca.us>Glaze name: Fake Avery Flashing Slip #4Cone: 8 - 10Color: Opaque Red orangeTesting: Surface: Slip or EngobeFiring: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	20.00China clay	30.00Calcined kaolin	30.00EPK	20.00Comments:This variant was suggested by Jeremy Nudell Kalin on ClayArt, whotested it and said it worked quite well over a typical light coloredsaltglazing body in a kiln fired with soda ash and a little rock saltat the end.Glaze name: Feuilles d'automneCone: 8-10Color: Autumn leaves: yellow-green and reddishTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	56.80Dolomite	13.60Whiting	10.60Zinc oxide (calc.)	3.00EPK	16.00Ilmenite	2.00Rutile	2.00Black iron oxide	2.00Comments:Reliable "autumn leaves" glaze. The same color as the leaves that wehave to pick up every fall, our house is surrounded by maple trees.The name of the street we live on is Des Erables and maple in frenchis ?rable. It is the same glaze base as Mag.*How long have you been using this glaze?  4 years*Where did this recipe come from?  My own experimentation*What do you like most about this glaze? It is the very special colors wich may vary depending on the colorof the underlying claybody and on the amount of reduction*Is this glaze reliable?  100%*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.?  No.It has no surface flaws.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies?Darker on darker bodies and lighter on light bodies.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping?  Thin to medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot?  Thin to medium*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft,propane and atmospheric,60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at cone 08, then light reductionincreasing with time until the final and total reduction of 20minutes, followed by a period of reoxidation of 20 minutes.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca)Glaze name: Flasho RamaCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	80.00Dolomite	12.00Kona F-4 feldspar	4.00Flint	4.00Tin oxide	10.00Comments:Glaze that is prone to flashing from copper or chrome fuming in firing.From Peter BeaseckerGlaze name: Freer Sample 11Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer feldspar	62.63EPK	18.39Silica	14.31Whiting	3.28Dolomite	1.39Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: George's Strawberry CrushCone: 9Color: red/ blue/ purple/ whiteTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Recipe:Potash feldspar	45.45Flint	25.25Whiting	14.14Zinc oxide	4.04Ferro frit 3134	7.07Barium carbonate	2.02Lithium carbonate	2.02Bentonite	2.02Tin oxide	1.01Copper carbonate	0.61Comments:These are glazes I got on Maui. I make no claims regarding theseglazes' reliability or safety. I don't know of their origin. Theseare in use at Hui No'Eau in Makawao, Maui. Sam Tomich<aphesis@interpac.net>Glaze name: GG BaseCone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Flint	33.50Custer feldspar	23.00Dolomite	14.50Kaolin	12.50Whiting	11.00Barium carbonate	1.00Gerstley borate	4.00Tin oxide	0.50Comments:Shiny translucent to opaque. Nice variations. I use the yellow-green as acomplement to Green Sparkle VC Matt Revised.From Margaret BohlsVariations --green: + copper 3%, + vanadium Mason stain 7%yellow-green: + copper 1.5%, + vanadium Mason stain 9%Glaze name: Gloss Dark BlueCone: 10Color: dark blueTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	43.51Silica	28.12Whiting	18.24Kaolin	10.13Cobalt carbonate	1.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:Here is a recipe for a reliable glossy dark blue. I have fired it ingas and wood and it works well either way. submitted by: DebbieVacchi e-mail: DebbieArt@aol.comGlaze name: Glossy Black #1223Cone: 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: Recipe:Barium carbonate	2.50Whiting	16.00Custer feldspar	49.50Kentucky OM #4	10.00Silica	22.00Chrome oxide	1.28Cobalt oxide	4.93Manganese dioxide	2.46Red iron oxide	4.96Comments:submitted by: June M. Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Glossy Deep Blue GreenCone: 9 - 10Color: deep teal blueTesting: Surface: satin to glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Whiting	23.30G-200 feldspar	27.18EPK	19.22Flint	27.28Zinc oxide	3.01Chrome oxide	0.29Cobalt carbonate	1.36Comments:Deep teal over stoneware deep blue with slip. Satin to almost glossglaze Well I finally got around to typing this thing up...^9-10 BluesThank you one and all for all the donated recipes. I only tested 31out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testing and reporting asthe winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller claywhich is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the test tile wasbrushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip.Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on a heavily texturedtile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reductionfiring. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potash or Custer spar iscalled for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Many glazes Isubstituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium. All kaolin isEPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your results will probablybe TOTALLY different. Please test before use. Tracy Wilson SaltboxPottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax:207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Gold LinerCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.91Dolomite	19.72Whiting	3.12EPK kaolin	23.24Flint	19.01Zircopax	10.06Bentonite	2.01Red iron oxide	3.02Comments:Here is a GOLD LINER glaze that was used at the University ofLouisville. I am not sure that it is a Shaner glaze, but we used alot of his reds, yellows and oranges, so I'm guessing that it mightbe. As I remember, this glaze gave a completely different surface onporcelain than stoneware. Both were very nice though. doug Douglas E.Gray, Assistant Professor of Art P.O. Box 100547 Department of FineArts and Mass Communication Francis Marion Univeristy Florence, SouthCarolina 29501-0547 dgray@fmarion.edu 803/661-1535Glaze name: Gold Metallic Reynold'sCone: 6-10Color: Metallic BronzeTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Redart	60.00Ball clay	5.00Flint	5.00Manganese dioxide	45.00Copper oxide	5.00Cobalt oxide	5.00Comments:From Craig Reynolds. Runs a lot at cone 10, but lovely waxy to matt surface. NOTfor food. Calls for black copper oxide.Glaze name: Gold ShanerCone: 10Color: Gold to RedTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Calcium mattTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	52.00EPK	7.00Calcined kaolin	16.00Whiting	21.00Talc	4.00Iron oxide	2.50Rutile	2.50Bone ash	3.00Comments:This is related to Shaner Red.Variations --Shaner Pumpkin is the above formula plus 4.5 Rutile and 4.5 Iron.Glaze name: Goodrich Mediterranean BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: teal blue to blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	33.30Whiting	25.00Kentucky OM #4	12.50Flint	25.00Zinc oxide	4.20Cobalt carbonate	5.00Chrome oxide	2.50Comments:from Don Satin smooth gloss. Deep teal (thick) to black(thin) Well Ifinally got around to typing this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank youone and all for all the donated recipes. I only tested 31 out ofalmost 100 I received. I'll continue testing and reporting as thewinter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller clay whichis a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed witha thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glazewas dipped in three thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tileswere fired to a (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Bodyreduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox.before shutdown. Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I usedG-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of theamount of Barium with Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember...glazes don't travel well. Your results will probably be TOTALLYdifferent. Please test before use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922email: saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: gray celadonCone: 11Color: GrayTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:G-200 feldspar	45.00Flint	22.00EPK	8.00Whiting	11.00Gerstley borate	9.00Dolomite	5.00Comments:Glaze name: gray celadon no gbCone: 11Color: GrayTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CeladonTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.70Silica	17.80EPK	14.70Whiting	8.80Dolomite	6.30Frit 3134	17.70Comments:Glaze name: Gray-White TranslucentCone: 8Color: Gray whiteTesting: Surface: semimattFiring: Transparency: TranslucentRecipe:Feldspar	40.00Whiting	18.00Cornwall Stone	18.00Tennessee #1 ball clay	20.00Magnesium carbonate	4.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Add C.M.C. 1 tsp I have had trouble with pinholing over underglazeand slip,too. I fire to ^8 ox. on Sheffield's T3 body. When I useAmaco underglaze or a slip made from the clay body, bisqued to ^06and then put Translucent Gray-White semi-matte over it, pinholingoccurs only over the underglaze or slip. I suspect the problem lieswith the gases escaping from the slip and underglaze but I don't knowhow to deal with this. I have a Paragon kiln with a computer controlhoobee but it doesn't have a soak option (if I had only known!).submitted by: Leona Stonebridge Arthen e-mail:leona@arthen.ultranet.comGlaze name: Gray-White TranslucentCone: 8Color: Gray whiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Feldspar	40.00Whiting	18.00Cornwall Stone	18.00Tennessee #1 ball clay	20.00Magnesium carbonate	4.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Add C.M.C. 1 tsp I have had trouble with pinholing over underglazeand slip,too. I fire to ^8 ox. on Sheffield's T3 body. When I useAmaco underglaze or a slip made from the clay body, bisqued to ^06and then put Translucent Gray-White semi-matte over it, pinholingoccurs only over the underglaze or slip. I suspect the problem lieswith the gases escaping from the slip and underglaze but I don't knowhow to deal with this.submitted by: Leona Stonebridge Arthen e-mail:leona@arthen.ultranet.comGlaze name: Green  Veerkamp 1Cone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Red clay	21.70Custer feldspar	46.23Whiting	18.87Talc	3.77Bone ash	4.72Gerstley borate	4.72Red iron oxide	2.83Comments:This is one of my favoritegreen glazes that I used successfully for a number of years on c10production ware. It's a medium to dark green gloss that breaks nicelyon dark clays; pools dark green to sometimes blue. Looks good onporcelain also. ***Castle Rock red is (was) a clay mined in CastleRock, CO, and used to be available from Mile-Hi Ceramics in Denver.It was a sorta dull mustard yellow in the unfired state and fired toa toasty terra cotta red at c1-2. A friend of mine substituted RedArt for the CRR and the results were much the same (though notexactly). submitted by: Patrick Veerkamp e-mail:veerkamp@southwestern.eduGlaze name: Green black matt - BrandeisCone: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10Color: green blackTesting: UntestedSurface: WaxyFiring: OxidationRecipe:Nepheline syenite	74.26Zinc oxide	1.98Dolomite	4.95Whiting	2.97EPK	6.93Flint (325m)	8.91Copper carbonate	3.96Cobalt oxide	2.97Rutile	9.90Comments:one Type: Orton Clay Color/Type: Brown stoneware Clarity: OpaqueCrystals: None Clustered, Dispersed Bubbles Within Glaze: No GlazeFlow: Little flow Glaze Type: MEASURED Thermal Expansion: - WhatMakes This Glaze Unique: It is an extremely intriguing glaze becauseof the variety of color and surface quality that it yields dependingon the clay color, thickness of the glaze and whether or not itoverlaps another glaze. - Firing data: only tested at cone 6 and 7 -Surface quality variations: Applied thickly, the color is almost agun metal black with a waxy to satin matt finish over buff, brown andporcelain clays. Lighter coats, especially over buff clays yieldgreens and blues and almost a glossy surface. - Kiln size,manufacture and type: Skutt 1027 - Effects of firing to differentcones: - Coloring oxides, stains and opacifiers tested: - Known glazeflaws: - Apparent viscosity for pouring and dipping: - Applicationthickness: Depends on the desired effect. It can be dipped, butbrushing yields more interesting effects and greater color variety. -Effects on different clay bodies: See above - Interactive effect withother glazes: One of the most exciting effects develops when usingthis over a white glaze covering porcelain clay. An extremely lightcoat brushed on yields bright sea blues and greens with patches ofalmost gold. Over the same white glaze on buff clay, the cobalt bluedominates. (The white glaze I use tends to turn virtually clear overbuff or brown clay, leaving a glossy, faintly white blue finish.) -Specific gravity of glaze for pouring and dipping: - WaterGlaze name: Green Dark Aquamarine GoldbergCone: 9Color: Blue-greenTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Feldspar	56.00Whiting	20.00Ball clay	2.00Spodumene	7.00Bone ash	4.00Gerstley borate	5.00Calcined kaolin	6.00Chromium oxide	0.50Cobalt carbonate	0.50Nickel carbonate	0.05Comments:From Scott Goldberg. Orig. calls for p spar.Glaze name: Green DeepCone: 10Color: GreenTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Bone ash	4.76Gerstley borate	8.57Whiting	4.76Kona F-4 Soda Feldspar	63.81Flint	13.33Zinc oxide	4.76Red iron oxide	1.90Cobalt oxide	0.24Chrome oxide	0.48Comments:This base glaze gives great color response. The colors you get will depend a loton your claybody and your firing schedule.  june perryVariations --For dark Speckled green on stoneware, hunter onporcelain add: 2 % red iron oxide .25 Cobalt oxide .50 Chrome oxideAnother beautiful green would be to add: 1% red iron oxide .25 cobaltoxide 1 chrome oxide 5% Tin oxide For a great warm, speckled, reddishbrown, add: 2% Red Iron Oxide and 2% Copper Oxide. This base recipemakes a good blue celadon with the addtion of 2% Black Iron oxide. Ifyou want it bluer you can do a variation with 1-2% black iron oxideand .25% cobalt carbonate. It is also a good rutile blue withvariations from 1-4% Rutile and !-2% Yellow ochre, or Red Iron.oxide. This base is also reactive with copper so you can get niceflashing with just a hint to copper brushwork on a pot on the celadoncolors. You may want to do some variations using another sodaspar aswell.Glaze name: Green GlazeCone: 9 - 10Color: light transparent greenTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	37.54Flint	26.03EPK	15.62Talc	6.51Whiting	14.31Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:Gee, I got worried that Mel had been chased out of town. I get tiredof shadow boxing with myself and worried that a worthy sparingpartner had gone off to Nagano to play hockey. The definition of aCanadian is a guy that is 50 years old and still thinks he is goingto make the NHL. To welcome him back with his thoughts on a web pageI am offering him some green Mel was waiting for Ron Roy to supply aCeledon glaze. Rather than wait I'm going to give you ours except wecall it green. I could send you a nice temmoku glaze that we use andguess what we call it. You guessed it , that's our black glaze. Melhad mentioned some time ago that he was not getting the iron contentright. We found that with this glaze what makes it spectacular is theseiving. We first seive thru 80 mesh and then twice thru 150 mesh. Itis dynamite on porcelain . Good with oxides or shows up details underthe surface. Also very good on stoneware. Nice hard, durable glazeCone 9-10. May your pots be green and your leaves celedon. Cheers,tony clennell <clennell@bmts.com>Glaze name: Green HamadaCone: 10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: sodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Barium carbonate	24.20Whiting	10.20Custer feldspar	59.90Kentucky OM #4	5.80Zinc oxide	9.24Copper carbonate	3.07Red iron oxide	2.91Rutile	2.30Comments:From Sam Chung. Good in soda.Glaze name: Green MossCone: 10Color: GreenTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TranslucentFlow: ModerateFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Bone ash	1.10Talc	7.80Whiting	22.40Custer feldspar	30.90Kaolin	12.60Flint	25.30Copper carbonate	5.50Comments:Glaze name: Green OribeCone: 10Color: translucent greenTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireRecipe:Potash feldspar	30.90Flint	25.30Whiting	22.40Talc	7.80EPK	12.60Bone ash	1.10Copper carbonate	6.50Comments:(from Peg Udall) (Peg says K-200 feldspar I use Custer) The followingis the best Oribe I've found. It's one of my class glazes here atCedar Valley. A beautiful translucent green. Works best on whirestonewares or porcelains. Good luck! Rafael Molina-Rodriguezrmr3431@dcccd.eduGlaze name: Green Oribe 2Cone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Custer feldspar	80.00Whiting	20.00Copper carbonate	5.00Comments:It produces nice deep green with, sometimes, metalic shine. submittedby: Kaname Takada e-mail: ktakada@freenet.columbus.oh.usGlaze name: Green Oribe 3Cone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: glossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Potash feldspar	31.80Silica	25.70Whiting	22.60Talc	7.70Kaolin	12.30Copper carbonate	5.80Comments:submitted by: Richard Gralnik e-mail: rlg@patuxent.desktalk.comsource for original recipe: El Camino CollegeGlaze name: GREEN ORIBE 4Cone: 10?Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny, glossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Flint	17.30OM-4 ball clay	10.80Whiting	9.70Dolomite	6.50Custer feldspar	22.70F-4 feldspar	18.90Barium carbonate	14.10Zircopax	8.10tin	4.30Copper carbonate	6.50Comments:I have a recipe a friend, Janice Strawder, sent me calledOribe Green.Glaze name: Green Oribe 5Cone: Color: GreenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	32.00Whiting	24.00Silica	24.00EPK	12.00Zinc oxide	8.00Copper carbonate	8.00Comments:Clay Times May/June 2002.  Jade green, transparent, glossy glaze.  Crazes on some clays when fired at higher temps.  Great over white or blue slip.Glaze name: Green Oribe LimestoneCone: 9-10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:G-200 feldspar	49.00Whiting	15.00EPK	12.00Flint	24.00Copper carbonate	7.00Comments:From Katheryn FinnertyGlaze name: Green Randy'sCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Flint	19.20Ball clay	12.00Whiting	10.50Dolomite	7.30Barium carbonate	15.00Custer feldspar	25.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	21.00Zircopax	9.00Copper carbonate	6.00Tin oxide	4.00Comments:Shiny, sometimes metallic in soda. From Ruthann Tudball's "Soda Glazing".Glaze name: Green ReevesCone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	75.00Whiting	15.00Flint	5.00Kaolin	5.00Chrome oxide	4.00Comments: jeff walker frozen in missourihttp://www.iland.net/~jdpotter jdpotter@ozarks.netGlaze name: Green Reitz MattCone: 9 - 10Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Na Ca FeldspathicTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	70.00Whiting	5.00Gerstley borate	2.00Petalite	15.00Clay	8.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Rutile	2.00Comments:Thin = dark almost black; thick = smooth yellow green Amazing glaze!Sometimes shivers. Glaze Type: Na Ca Feldspathic. Opacity: Semi-opaque. Firingtype: Ox or Red From Val Cushing. VC edPete Pinnell: forest green that breaks with just a hint of blue at edges.Variations --1% Cobalt=soft medium blue; 3% Rutile=soft grey blue.Glaze name: Green Rob'sCone: 9 - 11Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: glossFiring: reductionRecipe:Cornwall Stone	71.43Whiting	17.14Gerstley borate	4.76Strontium carbonate	6.67Copper carbonate	9.52Bentonite	1.90Comments:In my kiln this is a glossy forest/hunter green in the ^9-11 rangesubmitted by: Dave Eitel e-mail: daveitel@execpc.comGlaze name: Green Salt ShinoCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: SaltRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Redart clay	15.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Green Sana's (original formula)Cone: 6 - 10Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	30.01Whiting	9.99Colemanite	12.00Barium carbonate	8.00Magnesium carbonate	3.00EPK	5.00Silica	32.00Tin oxide	3.00Copper carbonate	5.00Rutile	5.00Bentonite	2.06Comments:A few people asked me for the *original* Sana's Green recipe, so hereit is. Richard GralnikGlaze name: Green Sana's (revised for C10R)Cone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: MattFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	26.80Flint	25.20Gerstley borate	18.20Wollastonite	10.60EPK	6.60Strontium carbonate	5.60Talc (NY)	2.50Bentonite	1.00Copper carbonate	4.60Tin oxide	3.00Rutile	4.60Comments:I have a revised glaze for you. But first letme tell you a bit about your current recipe. As you gave it, thisglaze is a high alkaline earth glaze, a bit low in alumina, butotherwise smack in the midfire range c4-c7. It's unusual in the factthat it has 5.2% Titanium oxide and this will cause problems,pinholing being one of them. The glaze is prone to pinholing becausethere's too much carbonate in the raw materials. The COE at 7.2 is abit high but it could well fit a stoneware of 6.+ COE. Ok. Here's thenew version. This version closely matches the Unity Formula of youroriginal. I have switched to Wollastonite and Talc to reduce thecarbonate level. You could also use copper oxide black 40 units, orcopper oxide red, 35 units and reduce the carbonate a bit more butthe copper oxides are very hard to disperse and you may get specklingif you do not thoroughly screen the mix. The gerstley borate ishigher than I'd wish but if I use Ferro frit 3134 (or 3195) in itsplace the alumina goes up almost 50% and the KNaO content goes uptoo, increasing the COE to 7.7 or higher; the glaze could crazemarkedly. The best course would be to try this mix first and see ifit gives you the blue-green you want without pinholes. If out-gassingis still a problem, then perhaps one could use half Gerstley B andhalf 3195. I suggest, if this sits ok with you, that you go thisroute and see what happens and only make a further revision ifneeded. Tom Buck <aa563@main.freenet.hamilton.on.ca> Sana's Green isactually a C10R recipe that I posted here a while back because I washaving pinhole problems with it. Here's theC10R version that Tom put together for me.  Richard Los Angeles from richard gralnik<rlg@patuxent.desktalk.com>Glaze name: Green SombrightCone: 9-10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledRecipe:Custer feldspar	45.00Whiting	7.00Zinc oxide	10.00Strontium carbonate	25.00Ball clay	13.00Copper carbonate	5.00Rutile	1.00Red iron oxide	1.25Comments:From Jeff OestreichGlaze name: Green Sparkle VC Matte RevisedCone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: MattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Lithium MatteTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.00Flint	10.00Gerstley borate	5.00Lithium carbonate	8.00Whiting	8.00Titanium oxide	10.00Copper carbonate	1.50Comments:Matt opaque surface. Pale shimmery green w/variations.Variations --plus D-300 Bright Yellow Mason StainGlaze name: Green Veerkamp 2Cone: 10Color: greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Cornwall Stone	36.84Barium carbonate	7.37Whiting	14.74Silica	14.74Ball clay	26.32Red iron oxide	22.11Comments:Another good green for c10 tableware. (I would recommend substitutingstrontium carb 5.25; I've never tried it this way but I'm sure itwould produce the same results) High gloss transparent medium green.Not as much character as the first glaze but hard as a rock and workswell with slips under. Both glazes are fired in reduction atmosphere.submitted by: Patrick Veerkamp e-mail: veerkamp@southwestern.eduRichard, I am not sure about the 21% Red Iron Oxide in the secondglaze, maybe we will hear from Patrick on it. RoseGlaze name: Green Willie HillixCone: 10Color: green to redTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	42.86Flint	23.47Whiting	21.43EPK	12.24Bentonite	2.04Copper carbonate	6.12Comments:It ranges from a deep steely green to blushes of red. This is theformula I have, which came from Val Cushing. gary w. wagoner<wagongw@mail.auburn.edu>Glaze name: Grey Blue CeladonCone: 8 - 10Color: grey blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	79.63Flint	14.30Whiting	6.07Iron oxide	2.26Tin oxide	0.62Comments:I like this glaze. Don't know where it came from. My appologies tothe originator. Give it a try... dan Wilson dwilson@nas.comGlaze name: grey celadonCone: 8 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Barium carbonate	2.04Custer spar	61.23Whiting	7.14EPK	5.10Silica	24.49Black iron oxide	1.53Bentonite	1.02Comments:from Hal Harold J. McWHINNIE Email:Harold_J_McWHINNIE@umail.umd.edu(hm9) Phone:53125Glaze name: Grey GlazeCone: 10Color: greyTesting: Surface: satinFiring: reductionRecipe:Kaolin	20.00Custer feldspar	50.00Dolomite	10.00Whiting	10.00Flint	10.00Comments:I was testing many different combinations of materials in a glaze andran across this very nice grey glaze It's a very simple glaze, but Igot a real nice satiny grey that fit perfectly and did not run evenwhere thick. In my tests I always referred to it as E#3. I was usinga white stoneware throwing body and fired it in an updraft cone 10reduction, with a strong body reduction at 06 and a light/moderatereduction from 06 to 10. Hope this helps. E-mail me privately atDSWN57C@PRODIGY.COM and tell me what you get. - Brian Harperdswn57e@prodigy.comGlaze name: Hawaiian TanCone: 10Color: tanTesting: Surface: semi-matteFiring: Recipe:Dolomite	33.33Custer spar	30.00Kentucky OM #4	33.33Comments:Simple, easy tan. Semi-matt. I use Dave's porcelain from Laguna. DeanMcRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on the north shore of KauaiGlaze name: Hendley's Albany Slip substitute:Cone: 7 - 10Color: brown blackTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: ox. or red.Recipe:Redart	72.00Whiting	10.00Soda feldspar	8.00Talc	5.00EPK kaolin	5.00Comments:I can tell no difference in Rhodes Black made with this substituteand real Albany Slip. David Hendley Maydelle, Texas See DavidHendley's Pottery Page at http://ww.sosis.com/hendley/davidGlaze name: Honey Doug'sCone: 10Color: yellowTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: AshTransparency: TranslucentVisual texture: RivuletRecipe:Custer feldspar	35.00Wood ash	35.00EPK	15.00Dolomite	15.00Zircopax	5.00Comments:originally specified Charcoal Briquette Ash is that is unwashed.submitted by: June Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Honey GoldCone: 8 - 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Flow: ModerateRecipe:Potash feldspar	37.50Flint	26.80Whiting	15.70Ball clay	10.70Barium carbonate	5.50Gerstley borate	3.80Red iron oxide	9.80Manganese dioxide	3.60Bentonite	2.00Comments:Dark brown, glaze. Runs above cone 9 and if thick.  It is a beautiful glaze which is translucent with incredible depth,appearing like honey. Sam aphesis@interpac.netGlaze name: Honey Weiser'sCone: 9Color: amber yellowTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Potash feldspar	36.70Flint	25.50Whiting	18.90Ball clay	9.20Soda feldspar	5.10Kaolin	2.60Dolomite	2.00Red iron oxide	8.00Comments:This is a dark glaze the can obscure slip and carving if thick. Good glaze surface.I've tried both of these glazes with mixed results.The amber celadon is almost identical to Cushing Amber Celadon. Thisis a better transparent amber honey glaze. RafaelMolina-Rodriguez rmr3431@dcccd.eduVariations --+6% RIO= greener brown color4% RIO = grey-green color like a celadon.Glaze name: Hunter Green 2Cone: 10Color: dark greenTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Soda feldspar	54.55Whiting	9.09EPK	18.18Dolomite	9.09Flint	9.09Cobalt carbonate	0.91Chrome oxide	1.82Comments:Good luck. Barbara Murphy, dave murphy <murphy@sentex.net> Waterloo,Ontario I use this green in ^10 reduction but it translates very wellto ox. It is not reduction sensitive and is very reliable.Glaze name: Hunter/Forest GreenCone: 10Color: variesTesting: UntestedSurface: glossFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Alberta Slip	45.00Whiting	25.00Silica	20.00Custer feldspar	10.00Bentonite	23.00Comments:Recently, I was lucky enough to be given a great recipe for a cone 10Albany-type clear with a nice glassy transparent surface. I believeit was one of Val Cushing's old glazes (what great glaze doesn't seemto have come from Val's extensive glaze coffers?!). Anyhow, havingreplaced the Albany with Alberta, I have been running color tests onthis glaze for the past 6 months. Will it ever stop- I doubt it. Oneof the most interesting surfaces, both in color and in texture, wasdone with 5% Laguna Forest Green stain. I have no idea where thisstain came from- unfortunately the bag looked rather old. Keep itpretty ding-dang thin, else you're likely to be chipping shelves.submitted by: Jeremy Nudell Kalin, e-mail: kali0015@gold.tc.umn.eduGlaze name: Ian Currie T.S.1Cone: 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	39.48Talc	6.15Whiting	11.79Kaolin	9.20Silica	33.38Red iron oxide	11.99Comments:Frank Martin Art Deparment/Ceranics 92nd street YM-YWHA 1395Lexington Ave NY, NY. 10128 p0tters2@aol.comGlaze name: Iron - Blue waterCone: 9 - 10Color: blueTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer spar	38.89Ball clay	18.89Whiting	13.33Flint	21.11Dolomite	7.78Iron chromate	2.22Cobalt carbonate	0.56Comments:This is a nice dark blue glaze that dosen't run it is some whatshinney. I hope that all these help you and whom ever else might needthem. Jennifer Alpine, TX jennifer rhinesmith <jr@wolf.sulross.edu>Glaze name: Iron RustCone: 9 - 10Color: brown to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	45.92Whiting	17.35Kaolin	13.27Silica	23.47Red iron oxide	13.27Comments:This glaze is more typical of what is known as 'Iron Rust', breakingfrom black to brown more consistently. Consequently it is good forhighlighting texture, incising, throw rings etc.. The following artwo Tenmoku's that I have used with continued success. DavidStuchbery School of Art & Design Ph (054) 447-279 La TrobeUniversity, Bendigo d.stuchbery@bendigo.latrobe.edu.auGlaze name: Israeli Blue #1Cone: 9 - 10Color: deep blueTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:Soda feldspar	50.00EPK	20.00Magnesium carbonate	10.00Whiting	10.00Flint	10.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Manganese dioxide	1.00Comments:from Naama Satin deep blue going to tan where thick. Feels wonderfuland buttery Well I finally got around to typing this thing up...^9-10Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. I onlytested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testing andreporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on #900Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the testtile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/drywhite slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on a heavilytextured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Jess' Rutile/BlackCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reduction oRecipe:Kaolin	22.00Potash feldspar	36.00Dolomite	18.00Whiting	4.00Colemanite	4.00Silica	16.00Rutile	5.00Comments:Firing: firing type: reduction or oxidation This is a great glaze onstoneware it is a shiny black which breaks to gold on texture orrims. On red body it is especially beautiful. On porcelin it becomesrunny if too thick but is a beautiful soft grey breaking to black ontexture or on rims etc. This glaze has never failed to surprise me inevery firing of it. submitted by: PEGGY HEER email:p4337@freenet.edmonton.ab.caGlaze name: Johnston NukaCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireRecipe:Potash feldspar	72.10EPK	4.80Wood ash	5.80Rice hull ash	4.80Silica	1.00Nepheline syenite	7.70Tin oxide	1.90Ky white glaze clay	1.00Lithium carbonate	1.00Comments:Clat Times May/June 2002. Produces shiny, white, fat glaze with character.Glaze name: K9Cone: 10Color: blue/purpleTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	60.68Kaolin	5.33Dolomite	9.94Ball clay	9.10Barium carbonate	5.33Whiting	4.81Silica	4.81Red iron oxide	2.09Rutile	4.50Comments:NOTE: use powdered rutile, not granular Here is a C10 reductionrecipe for a blue/purples you may like: submitted by: Richard Gralnike-mail: rlg@desktalk.comGlaze name: KakiCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Red Art clay calcined	61.95Custer feldspar	17.70Silica	8.85Kaolin	2.65Dolomite	5.31Bone ash	3.54Red iron oxide	2.65Comments:Here is another Kaki I use over clear and wax resist. This issometimes more metallic red than Reeve Mashiko, but covers (staysopaque over) the clear better. submitted by: Lee in PigsEye e-mail:leelove@MILL2.MILLCOMM.COM source for original recipe: Jim GritnerGlaze name: KAREN'S TOUCH GLAZECone: 10Color: on porcelain in OX THIN = warmTesting: Surface: Satin MattFiring: Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	45.00Dolomite	18.00Whiting	4.00EPK	9.00Calcined kaolin	10.00Flint	10.00Bone ash	4.00Tin oxide	4.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:Should read 7 ingredients totalling 100% plus two additives.Color: onporcelain in OX THIN = warm rusty beige breaking to copper rust onrim & ridges THICK = warm beige w/ copper rusty rim Both thin & thickshow very fine rusty flecks On porcelain in REDTN THICK = almost seafoam greenish w/ orangey copper rust w/ flecks where thin I considerthis to be a glaze which in OX looks like REDTN - for those of youwho pine for that. As I previously mentioned, in OX put it overPORCELAIN SHINO & you get a funky rough surface in solid copper w/fine rusty flecks - this is thin. Thick edges are unattractive (?)white. If firing in REDTN, slow cool for max. orange. This is avariant of the famous Mamo glaze. If you want to try other colorants,drop out the tin (it's incl. to promote ornage) from the base as wellas dropping the RIO & bone ash. But BE CAREFUL - this glaze pullsapart if too thick in big fatal crawls. I abandoned it as a white forthis reason & I swear it once pulled so badly it broke (?) the pot itwas on. This was not the above version however. Good luck & enjoy.Karen Gringhuis kgpottery@bigvax.alfred.eduGlaze name: KCAI BOUBARIC TESSHA SATURATE IRONCone: 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	22.73Whiting	18.18Ball clay	29.55Quartz	29.55Red iron oxide	13.64Bentonite	2.27Comments:Frank Martin Art Deparment/Ceranics 92nd street YM-YWHA 1395Lexington Ave NY, NY. 10128 p0tters2@aol.comGlaze name: Ken's Great GlazeCone: 9-10Color: Black, golden crystals, breaks tomato redTesting: testedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledCrystals: SmallFlow: SlightRecipe:Potash feldspar	65.00Ball clay	13.00Whiting	11.00Zinc oxide	10.00Barium carbonate	1.00Red iron oxide	3.00Rutile	2.50Copper carbonate	0.40Bentonite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Korman YellowCone: 9 - 10Color: Yellow OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ba CaRecipe:Kona F-4 Spar	40.00Barium carbonate	30.00EPK	8.00Flint	10.00Dolomite	12.00Red iron oxide	6.00Comments:Thin-dry rusty type. Medium-yellowish colors. Thick-smooth warm brownto yellow brown. Greenish overtones. Glaze Type: Ba Ca. Opacity:Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: L. G. Porcelain and ClearCone: 9 - 10Color: Clear Light GreenTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Custer feldspar	27.00OM-4 Ball clay	14.00Whiting	20.50Silica	31.50Kaolin	7.00Comments:Light Green on porcelain ^9-10 submitted by: Lee in PigsEye e-mail:leelove@MILL2.MILLCOMM.COMGlaze name: Lab Fee Intense RedCone: 8-10Color: RedTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	20.00Kona F-4 feldspar	22.00Dolomite	10.00Grolleg	20.00Flint	12.00Talc	8.00Whiting	8.00Cerdec Intensive Red stain	12.00Comments:From Peter BeaseckerGlaze name: Lavender Splotchy GlazeCone: 10Color: lavenderTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Barium carbonate	2.02Calcined Zinc Oxide	4.04Lithium carbonate	2.02Whiting	14.14Custer feldspar	50.51Ferro frit 3134	7.07Silica, (325 mesh)	20.20Copper carbonate	0.61Tin oxide	1.01Bentonite	1.01Comments:GREAT BLUE/RED /DARK BLUE! My experience with copper red is that whatmatters most is to begin reduction at cone 012 fairly heavy and thengo into moderate reduction after cone 05 drops. Continue moderate tolight reduction until cone 10 then a brief oxidation peroid of about10 minutes. If you over reduce it will be liver brown and underreduced will be celadon.  submittedby: John Britt e-mail: claydude@erinet.comGlaze name: Leach 1234 CeladonCone: 10Color: light green transparentTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Recipe:China clay	10.00Whiting	20.00Silica	30.00Feldspar	40.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:The glaze that is as old as dirt. it is published in the leech bookas old. Use 4% iron + or - depending on color / green to blue if youdecorate...put iron design between layers of glaze. very nice. thefirst glaze i ever made...fired in the first soft brick kiln i evermade. and that was before i had ever seen a soft brick kiln. rememberthe name Jim McKinnel. one of the first to build soft brick kilns inamerica. from iowa...one of the real pioneers. mel jacobson<melpots@pclink.com>Glaze name: Leach BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: medium blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	57.89Whiting	23.16Gerstley borate	4.21Flint	14.74Tin oxide	3.16Cobalt carbonate	1.05Manganese dioxide	0.53Comments:handed over by Bob Santerre Glossy medium blue where thick and glossyslate blue where thin. Well I finally got around to typing this thingup...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. Ionly tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testingand reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Long Beach BlueCone: 10Color: blueTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Whiting	19.49Custer feldspar	63.55EPK	16.96Cobalt carbonate	0.85Rutile	4.00Comments:sufrace: matte Here's a couple that I have tried and added to myregulars (both come from clayart folks). If you want a soft mattblue, try the Long Beach Blue. The Long Beach is terrible if appliedtoo thin. Good luck. Chris Fennimore Native American Rights FundBoulder, CO christine fennimore <fennimor@spot.colorado.edu>Glaze name: Lucas Mottled IronCone: 8-10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireRecipe:Whiting	29.00Kentucky OM #4	30.00Flint	29.00Custer feldspar	12.00Red iron oxide	17.65Comments:Nice wet and dry glaze. Runs. From Peter Beasecker. Great in salt and soda.Glaze name: Magnesium Mat-Carleton BallCone: 9 - 11Color: base glazeTesting: Surface: matteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Feldspar	41.00Colemanite	12.00Dolomite	7.00Talc	15.00Ball clay	5.00Flint	20.00Comments:Morning all...I've been talking to June about some glazes and itturns out we both are aware of an old Carleton Ball glaze. She fromremembered association; me from checking an old copy I have of thetypescript of his syllabus. What we were both looking at is the aboveglaze My text immedaitely following reads: Bright transparent glazesallow colors to show well but in general....etc This appears on pg47. of my typescript. Unfortunately, pg. 46 is missing of my copy aswell as pp. 40-44. I inherited the typescript from a teacher and amdelighted I've got it (it even includes class responsibilities andwhere to keep tools take care of glazes etc.) but I sure would likethe missing pages. If anybody has them, I'd be thrilled to send aself-addressed stamped envelope for a copy and the xeroxing costs. Atthis point, I haven't any info on the colorants to add to the glazes?TIA Emily in Astoria where my head is clogged, I can't breathe, thoselousy flowers are everwhere and the sun it still don't shine. How DOthey GROW?Glaze name: Magnesium Mat-Carleton Ball coneCone: 9 - 11Color: base glazeTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Recipe:Feldspar	41.00Colemanite	12.00Dolomite	7.00Talc	15.00Ball clay	5.00Flint	20.00Comments:Morning all...I've been talking to June about some glazes and itturns out we both are aware of an old Carleton Ball glaze. She fromremembered association; me from checking an old copy I have of thetypescript of his syllabus. What we were both looking at is the aboveglaze My text immedaitely following reads: Bright transparent glazesallow colors to show well but in general....etc This appears on pg47. of my typescript. Unfortunately, pg. 46 is missing of my copy aswell as pp. 40-44. I inherited the typescript from a teacher and amdelighted I've got it (it even includes class responsibilities andwhere to keep tools take care of glazes etc.) but I sure would likethe missing pages. If anybody has them, I'd be thrilled to send aself-addressed stamped envelope for a copy and the xeroxing costs. Atthis point, I haven't any info on the colorants to add to the glazes?TIA Emily in Astoria where my head is clogged, I can't breathe, thoselousy flowers are everwhere and the sun it still don't shine. How DOthey GROW?Glaze name: MamoCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	53.30Whiting	4.40Dolomite	20.70Kaolin	21.70Tin oxide	8.70Comments:The version I have does all the things that are described by otherclayarters...thick..more white, use on red body(iron body), reductionfire, breaks rust on rims etc etc etc. Cone 10. It is exactly likethe photo in CM. It is a wonderful glaze. submitted by: PeggyHeer/Heer Pottery e-mail: p4337@freenet.edmonton.ab.ca orp4337@connect.ab.caGlaze name: Mamo MattCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Kona F-4 Feldspar	58.82Dolomite	23.53Whiting	4.71Calcined kaolin	12.94Tin oxide	5.88Comments:Thin rust, thicker cream, etc. submitted by: Dannon Rhudy e-mail:dannon@ns1.koyote.comGlaze name: Mamo Satin MattCone: 9 - 10Color: Cream White OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Kona F-4 Spar	25.00Custer feldspar	25.00Dolomite	20.00Whiting	5.00EPK	10.00Calcined kaolin	15.00Tin oxide	6.00Comments:This is not a liner. Breaks where thin to rust, toast color. DanRhodes White Matt. Rich dark purple-.5 Cobalt. Try Ilmenite 2 andRutile 2. Base is lovely with body coming through. Over dark clay isbeautiful. Glaze Type: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Manganese Saturated GlazeCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	84.10Whiting	4.70Talc	1.60EPK	5.30Silica	4.40Red iron oxide	1.00Manganese dioxide	25.00Comments:From Ken Walters. Not for food surfaces.Glaze name: Mashiko Synthetic AK5Cone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kentucky OM #4	12.31Calcined kaolin	12.10Kona F-4 feldspar	33.62Bone ash	0.53Talc	5.57Wollastonite	6.96Silica	28.91Titanium dioxide	0.53Manganese dioxide	0.21Red iron oxide (Spanish)	6.85Comments:I use Reeve's synth Mashiko over a clear glaze and wax resist. Johnrecalculated from an analysis of Mashiko stone. I got the thefollowing two glazes from the Canadian Potter, John Reeve: I saw itlooking over his shoulder at his glaze notebook while he was lookingfor another glaze. :^) I _did_ ask if I could copy it! ;^) source fororiginal recipe: John Reeve submitted by: Lee in PigsEye e-mail:leelove@MILL2.MILLCOMM.COMGlaze name: Matt ButterCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueFlaws: CrawlsRecipe:Custer feldspar	36.00Flint	26.00Magnesium carbonate	15.00Whiting	13.00Ball clay	5.00Zinc oxide	2.50Barium carbonate	2.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Add epsom salts 3% to flocculate. From Laura Aultman.Glaze name: Matte Pete's StrontiumCone: 9-10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Strontium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	60.00Lithium carbonate	1.00Ball clay	10.00Strontium carbonate	20.00Flint	9.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Pete Pinnell. Flocculate w/Epsom salts or Muriatic Acid to avoid settling. Works well from c6-11, oxid or reduction.Variations --green: copper carb 5 + titanium diox. 5grey: titanium diox. 5turquoise: copper carb 5Glaze name: Matt ClearCone: 8Color: translucent clearTesting: Surface: mattFiring: Recipe:Cornwall Stone	45.05EPK	19.82Dolomite	20.72Whiting	5.41Talc	9.01Comments:I regularly use a glaze at cone 8 over coloured slips which is mattbut lets the coloured slips show through. This is in oxidation over abuff stoneware glaze. In case this sounds what you are after andinteresting to you, I give the recipe below, which I have translatedfrom the UK sourced materials that I use, into North Americanmaterials. Actually the difference is very small. David Hewitt<david@dhpot.demon.co.uk> David Hewitt Pottery Caerleon, Newport,Gwent, UK. URL http://digitalfire.com/magic/hewitto.htm % WeightAnanlysis SiO2 56.94, P2O5 0.29, Al2O3 17.58, Fe2O3 0.29, MgO 8.82,CaO 12.07, Na2O 1.77, K2O 2.38.Glaze name: Matt CushingCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	23.60Dolomite	28.20Kaolin	28.20Whiting	13.60Silica	6.40Comments:Does anyone have a glaze that is or looks very much like the glaze onKen Ferguson's casserole on page 58 of the current (June) CM. I'm notpromising the rights to my firstborn, but I'd sure be grateful! Looksto me like a typical matte like Cushing Matte which follows, over abody with pretty good chunks of Manganese Dioxide in it. This glaze,probably from Val Cushing, easily dates from that period. Cone 9-10reduction submitted by: Brad Sondahl e-mail: Sondahl@aol.comGlaze name: Matte CushingCone: 9 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: reductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	23.60Dolomite	28.20Kaolin	28.20Whiting	13.60Silica	6.40Comments:This glaze,probably from Val Cushing, easily dates from that period.Cone 9-10 reduction submitted by: Brad Sondahl e-mail: Sondahl@aol.comGlaze name: Matte HamadaCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Zinc mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	64.90Ball clay	12.80Whiting	11.10Zinc oxide	10.00Barium carbonate	1.30Red iron oxide	3.10Rutile	2.50Copper carbonate	0.40Bentonite	2.00Comments:Orange, blue, & green.Glaze name: Matte Shannon's No-Craze SrCone: 9-10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Strontium MattTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: SmallBubbles: NoneFlow: SlightFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Nepheline syenite	58.00Strontium carbonate	26.00Lithium carbonate	1.00Kentucky OM #4	15.00Flint	5.00Nepheline syenite	100.00Comments:Glaze name: Mayan BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: teal to dark blueTesting: Surface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Gerstley borate	50.00EPK	15.00Flint	35.00Bentonite	20.00Chrome oxide	10.00Cobalt carbonate	10.00Comments:from Clayart about a year ago Deep teal over white slip. other wisedark blue/black where thick. Brown where thin. Crawled slightly overthe slip. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr.  TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Metallic Gold ReynoldsCone: 6-10Color: Bronze metallicTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Redart	60.00Ball clay	5.00Flint	5.00Manganese dioxide	45.00Copper oxide	5.00Cobalt oxide	5.00Comments:RUNS a lot at cone 10. Waxy to matt metallic. TOXIC. Bronze to dk brown.Glaze name: Metallic ManganeseCone: 9-10Color: Metallic bronzeTesting: Surface: MetallicFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	80.70Kona F-4 feldspar	3.50Dolomite	1.80Whiting	1.20Ball clay	5.70Flint	7.10Red iron oxide	1.00Manganese dioxide	30.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Pete Pinnell: one of the nicest manganese luster versions. NOT for use on foodcontact surfaces. Manganese: Toxic!Glaze name: Metallic Matt BlackCone: 6 - 9Color: Opaque metallic BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: MatteFiring: OxidationRecipe:Wood Ash	25.00Nepheline syenite	37.50Talc	18.75Ball clay	18.75Iron oxide	2.50Black copper oxide	3.75Cobalt oxide	2.92Comments:Other colors (delete black colorants): for matt brown with lots oftexture add: Rutile 1.74 Iron Oxide 3.50 Manganese Dioxide 3.50 formatt blue breaking to something greenish add: Cobalt Carbonate 3.00Rutile 3.00 I've been using the same wood ash formula for about 10years and have used wood ash from all kinds of known and unknown treesources (washed and unwashed), fired to cone 6, 7, 8, 9 but mostly tocone 7 in an electric kiln. Write me if you have any questions aboutthese glazes submitted by: Anne Fallis-Elliott e-mail: FallisT@aol.comGlaze name: Michael Simon TesshaCone: 8 - 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	25.72Ball clay	27.88Whiting	18.52Flint	27.88Red iron oxide	11.32Comments:The following Tessha Glaze recipe is from the Feb '96 issue ofCeramics Monthly. (Can be applied to leather hard pots for oncefiring.) dennis davis <dhdavis@erols.com>Glaze name: Milky ClearCone: 11Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:EPK	15.38Whiting	15.38Custer feldspar	30.77Silica	38.46Comments:Glaze name: Mint Green MattCone: 10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: MattFiring: SodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Barium carbonate	7.70Whiting	15.40Kona F-4 feldspar	38.50EPK	23.10Zinc oxide	7.70Copper carbonate	0.50Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Sam Chung.Glaze name: Molasses VCCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionRecipe:Barnard clay	36.00Custer feldspar	22.00Gerstley borate	3.00Wollastonite	14.00Whiting	8.00Flint	14.00EPK	3.00Comments:From Allegheny MeadowsGlaze name: Molasses VC no GBCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionRecipe:Kaolin - theoretical	11.20Custer feldspar	26.90Dolomite	1.40Wollastonite	24.90Silica	26.00Frit 3124	9.60Red iron oxide	6.00Manganese carbonate	2.20Titanium dioxide	0.30Comments:From Allegheny Meadows. Re-calculated to elimiate GB and Barnard.Glaze name: MoonglowCone: 9-10Color: greenTesting: TestedSurface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: SlightRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.90Dolomite	15.40Whiting	5.30EPK	9.40Silica	35.00Black iron oxide	1.00Cobalt carbonate	0.20Chromium oxide	0.20Comments:UF Shop glaze. Buttery dull green with small brown spots. Dependable.Glaze name: MoonlightCone: 10Color: rutile blueTesting: UntestedSurface: fluid glossy, shinyFiring: ReductionRecipe:Cornwall Stone	63.80Gerstley borate	14.30Flint	7.60Whiting	7.60EPK	4.80Zinc oxide	1.90Rutile	3.20Ilmenite, Powdered	2.04Comments:Here's a couple that I have tried and added to my regulars (both comefrom clayart folks). The Moonlight will run if applied to thick. Ifyou are looking for a shiny glaze try the Moonlight. Chris FennimoreNative American Rights Fund Boulder, CO christine fennimoreGlaze name: Murrow VariationCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	57.35Kaolin	26.03Lepidolite	15.62Soda ash	1.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Navy w/gold flecksCone: 10Color: navy blue w/gold flecksTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Potash spar	40.00Flint	25.00Gerstley borate	10.00Dolomite	10.00Frit 3110	5.00EPK	5.00Whiting	5.00Cobalt carbonate	0.02Comments:This is a wonderful blue that doesn't run. I hope that all these helpyou and whom ever else might need them. Jennifer Alpine, TX jenniferrhinesmithGlaze name: new glazeCone: Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Comments:Glaze name: Nickel BuckwheatCone: 7Color: buckwheatTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Barium carbonate	2.86Talc	10.48Whiting	17.14Feldspar	47.62Kaolin	7.62Flint	14.28Nickel oxide	0.95Red iron oxide	7.62Comments:from Tony W.T. Yeh (3/95 CM) Kathleen Gordon Palo Alto,Caemail:emgordon@batnet.com voice:415-328-9164Glaze name: OatmealCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: MatteFiring: Recipe:Feldspar	53.30Dolomite	20.70EPK	21.70Whiting	4.40Tin oxide	4.40Zircopax	8.70Yellow ochre	2.20Comments:This glazemust be applied over a clay body that spots such as rod's bod.Thicker applications give a lighter ochre color and thinnerapplications give the darker rusty brown shades. This glaze breaksdarker over textures. Don't mix up more than you can use over aperiod of a month or two because the results seem to alter somewhatas the glaze ages a bit. The glaze must be fired in a medium to aheavy reduction to get the results you want. submitted by: Marilyn,in Utah e-mail: MarilynMFA@aol.comGlaze name: Oestreich Shino #2Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	42.90Kona F-4 feldspar	10.30Spodumene	14.50Kentucky OM #4	14.30EPK	14.30Soda ash	3.80Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Oil spotCone: 10-11Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Temmoku (Oilspot)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Soda spar	68.40Silica	17.80EPK	4.90Talc	8.90Red iron oxide	7.11Cobalt carbonate	2.00Comments:From John Britthttp://www.ceramicstoday.com/articles/oilspot.htm Article on oil-spot glazes.John's web site: http://www.johnbrittpottery.com/Must be applied thickly. Fired in oxidation. Reduction between cone 9-11 willsmooth out bubbles and help flux the iron. You can re-fire any pieces w/craters.Glaze name: Oil Spot #3 John'sCone: 10-11Color: Black w/ silver spotsTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Temmoku (Oilspot)Transparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledFlow: SlightRecipe:Soda spar	54.62Silica	29.41Whiting	4.20EPK	7.56Dolomite	4.20Red iron oxide	6.72Cobalt carbonate	4.20Comments:From John Britthttp://www.ceramicstoday.com/articles/oilspot.htm Article on oil-spot glazes.John's web site: http://www.johnbrittpottery.com/Must be applied thickly. Fired in oxidation. Reduction between cone 9-11 willsmooth out bubbles and help flux the iron. You can re-fire any pieces w/craters.Glaze name: Oil Spot Bailey'sCone: 10-11Color: black w/brown spotsTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Temmoku (Oilspot)Transparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledBubbles: ManyFlow: SlightRecipe:Custer feldspar	25.51Soda spar	35.71EPK	15.30Talc	5.10Dolomite	5.10Frit 3110	5.10Silica	8.16Red iron oxide	6.00Comments:From John Britt http://www.ceramicstoday.com/articles/oilspot.htm Article onoil-spot glazes. John's web site: http://www.johnbrittpottery.com/ Must beapplied thickly. Fired in oxidation. Reduction between cone 9-11 will smooth outbubbles and help flux the iron. Good all-oxidation in an electric kiln. You canre-fire any pieces w/craters.Glaze name: Oil Spot HardingCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Oil SpotTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	23.60Silica	29.20Whiting	18.00Ball clay	29.20Red iron oxide	13.50Comments:From John Britt's book "High-Fire Glazes". Put Harding Oil Spot cover over fordappled effects in reduction. Most oil spots happen in oxidation.Glaze name: Oil Spot Harding CoverCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Oil SpotTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	45.00Silica	10.50Whiting	10.50Kaolin	17.60Barium carbonate	11.80Zinc oxide	4.60Zircopax	15.50yellow stain	10.00Comments:From John Britt's book "High-Fire Glazes". Put Harding Oil Spot cover over forHarding Oil Spot dappled effects in reduction. Most oil spots happen in oxidation.Glaze name: Oil Spot Marcia'sCone: 9 - 10Color: Mahogany BrownTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Cedar Heights Redart Clay	80.00Spodumene	20.00Comments:The spodumene is Gwalia spod. fr. Australia. On porcelain this is agloss mahogany-brown, or blacker where thicker, with some niceteadust flecks; breaking amber-straw color where it thins out onrims. On buff-white stoneware it's a slightly-reddish brown if singledipped & blacker if double-dipped, both colors with nice gradations &flecking. (not an oilspot really, at least in my firing, but atenmoku with depth). submitted by: Marcia Kindlmann e-mail:marcia@design.eng.yale.eduGlaze name: Oil spot TraditionalCone: 10-11Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Temmoku (Oilspot)Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	80.18Silica	5.66Whiting	3.77Talc	4.71Bone ash	5.66Red iron oxide	8.50Comments:From John Britthttp://www.ceramicstoday.com/articles/oilspot.htm Article on oil-spot glazes.John's web site: http://www.johnbrittpottery.com/Must be applied thickly. Fired in oxidation. Reduction between cone 9-11 willsmooth out bubbles and help flux the iron. You can re-fire any pieces w/craters.Glaze name: Oilspot RedCone: 9-10Color: RedTesting: untestedSurface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Oil SpotTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: MottledRecipe:Feldspar	37.00Whiting	3.10Barium carbonate	3.10Kentucky OM #4	7.00Talc theoretical	5.70Flint	32.60Bone ash	11.50Red iron oxide	13.00Comments:Cone 9 oxidation or cone 10 reduction. From June Perryvia ClayArt.Glaze name: Opal BlueCone: 10Color: blueTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: reductionRecipe:Neph Sy	35.57Dolomite	17.13Zinc oxide	2.49Whiting	3.12Kaolin	5.92Flint	35.77Rutile	5.01Comments:Doesn't add up properly, but the glaze worked. Here's a glaze youcould try called Opal Blue, it's more medium blue with a lighter blueon top. It was one of my favorites when I had access to a gaskiln....sigh.... It is very pretty. from anne chambersGlaze name: Opal FeldspathicCone: 9-10Color: Clear pearlyTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Feldspar	58.00Whiting	17.00Flint	14.00Ball clay	6.00Zinc oxide	5.00Comments:Date:  Wed, 9 Aug 2000 From: Sheron Roberts <gemini53@WEBLNK.NET>Subject: Re: opalescenceThe following is a glaze I tried from the Tony Birk book, TheComplete Potter's Companion, revised edition.Fired to cone 10, oxidation it produced an interesting opal likesurface.  On the inside of the bowls, where the glaze was thickest,the color was like mother of pearl, very pretty.   I would suggesttesting first though."Clear" Feldspathic2280F/ 1250C"This glaze is translucent rather than transparent, with thecharacteristic "milk and water" look of a feldspathic glaze.  Whenit is thick, it has fine bubbles trapped in the glaze which givegive sparkle, and it combines well with copper oxide (1%) tomake gray green - a celedon without reduction."The above is straight from the book, I have not tried the copperoxide addition, yet.Sheron in NCVariations --Gray green = + 1% copper oxideGlaze name: ORANGE REDCone: 10Color: orange redTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	47.30Gerstley borate	14.20Flint	27.50Whiting	9.30Zinc oxide	1.70Copper carbonate	0.30Tin oxide	1.00Comments:from Pete Pinnell, via Jim Connell on ClayArt.Glaze name: Orange TempleCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireRecipe:Custer feldspar	48.00Cornwall Stone	17.00Whiting	17.00Tennessee #10	9.00Zinc oxide	3.00EPK	6.00Red iron oxide	3.60Rutile	2.40Comments:From Bill Van GilderGlaze name: Oribe ShanerCone: 10 - 11Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: glossFiring: reductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.90Silica	25.30Whiting	22.40Talc	7.80EPK	12.60Bone ash	1.10Bentonite	1.10Copper carbonate	5.50Comments:This is a glossy forest green at cone 10-11. below ^10 it is similarin color, but a satin matte. submitted by: Dave Eitel e-mail:daveitel@execpc.comGlaze name: Oxidation Iron RedCone: 8 - 9Color: iron redTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:China clay	6.83Potash feldspar	50.73Flint	14.63Whiting	2.44Bone ash	14.63Talc	10.73Red iron oxide	9.76Comments:If it is of interest, a common recipe for the so called Copper Red inoxidation used over here is as follows. The key RM is Bone Ash. fireto ^8 or ^9 molecular analysis K20 0.189 Al2O3 0.346 SiO2 2.820 Na2O0.070 Fe2O3 0.178 P2O5 0.137 CaO 0.494 _____ _____ MgO 0.247 0.5242.957 _____ 1.000 David Hewitt <david@dhpot.demon.co.uk> David HewittPottery Caerleon, Newport, Gwent, UK.Glaze name: PersimmonCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Iron saturateRecipe:Custer feldspar	71.42Silica	14.29Whiting	14.29Bentonite	3.06Red iron oxide	2.04Rutile	3.06Comments:submitted by: Michelle Lowe e-mail: mishlowe@indirectcomGlaze name: Peter Lane's CrackleCone: 7 - 9Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Cornwall Stone	85.00Whiting	15.00Comments:I'm looking for a white crackle glaze, satin or semi-mat surface. Ijust tested an old glaze recipe dug up from my files. Guesswhat.....no crackles, no crazing. Turned out a smooth satin white onmy porcelain at a high ^6. Couldn't believe it...and to think what Igo through some times to get rid of crazing on a functional glaze!!!Anyone have a white crackle glaze to share? submitted by: AnneChambers e-mail: annecham@istar.caGlaze name: Pewter Spotty MattCone: 10Color: GrayTesting: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: MetallicTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	47.00Whiting	18.00EPK	7.00Silica	28.00Titanium dioxide	8.00Rutile	4.00Red iron oxide	15.00Comments:Glaze name: Pink Nickel CrystalCone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: CrystallineTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.00Flint	12.00EPK	4.00Barium carbonate	36.00Zinc oxide	14.00Black nickel oxide	2.00Comments:From Margaret Bohls. Satin Matte. Magenta/hot pink crystals floating in atransparent brown. Looks blue thin. Perfect at a medium cone 9. Will run too muchand list its crystals if fired hotter.Glaze name: pink nickel crystal BohlsCone: 9Color: PinkTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: CrystallineTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	34.00Flint	12.00EPK	4.00Barium carbonate	36.00Zinc oxide	14.00Black nickel oxide	2.00Comments:Magenta-hot pink crystals floating in transparent brown. Looks blue where thin.Electric fire to cone 9 medium. Will run and lose crystals if fired hotter.From Margaret Bohls.Glaze name: Pink ShockingCone: 7 - 9Color: PinkTesting: UntestedSurface: satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Barium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	35.00Barium carbonate	40.00Zinc oxide	15.00China clay	5.00Silica	5.00Nickel oxide	1.50Comments:from the Cooper Glaze Recipes book. I fired this at ^8.  Whereit's thin, the glaze is sort of 'old blue jeans' blue, with tanstreaks. Where it's thickest, it's a deep maroony-mauve. The surfaceis a satin matt.Glaze name: Pink-BeigeCone: 10Color: pink to beigeTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	43.01Whiting	21.51EPK	10.75Flint	21.51Zinc oxide	3.23Rutile	7.53Bentonite	2.15Comments:Apricot at ^9, the hotter it gets the more I like it. More pink andbroken surface. Good in a wood kiln in reduction, too. I use Dave'sporcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on the northshore of KauaiGlaze name: Plum DarkCone: 9 - 10Color: blue brownTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Nepheline syenite	35.70Dolomite	15.30Silica	30.60Strontium carbonate	6.10Whiting	8.20EPK	4.10Manganese dioxide	4.10Cobalt oxide	0.50Comments:variegated brown and blue. glossy. not a lot of color concentration All the glazes were tested on #900 Miller clay whichis a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the test tile was brushed witha thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glazewas dipped in three thicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tileswere fired to a (hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Bodyreduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox.before shutdown. Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I usedG-200. All ball clay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of theamount of Barium with Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922email: saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Plum to Black V.C. IR-ACone: 9 - 10Color: Plum to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca B IronSaturateTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	35.00Gerstley borate	20.00Whiting	15.00EPK	10.00Flint	20.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Dark plum thin, to black thick Glaze Type: Ca B IronSaturate.Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Purple (from Walter Donald Kring)Cone: 9 - 10Color: PurpleTesting: UntestedSurface: glossy, shinyFiring: reductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Dolomite	9.40Gerstley borate	13.60Whiting	2.70Zinc oxide	1.80Potash feldspar	43.60Kaolin	1.80Flint	27.10Cobalt carbonate	0.05Copper carbonate	0.50Tin oxide	3.00Comments:For a beautiful purple glaze rafael molina-rodriguez (rafaelmolina-rodriguez)Glaze name: Purple Coleman'sCone: 10Color: purple redTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny, glossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Barium carbonate	5.00Dolomite	5.00Gerstley borate	5.00Whiting	8.00Zinc oxide	2.50Custer feldspar	49.80Silica, 200 mesh	24.90Tin oxide	1.00Cobalt carbonate	0.20Copper carbonate	2.00Comments:I've used the following Coleman Purple (Cone 10, reduction) with goodresults. It came from the September 1984 Ceramics Monthly. Inaddition to this glaze, there are other excellent glazes toexperiment with. Try the Oxblood Red Glaze. submitted by: RandyBrodnax e-mail: RCB3431@dcccd.eduGlaze name: Purple EmilyCone: 9Color: PurpleTesting: UntestedSurface: mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	41.00Colemanite	12.00Dolomite	7.00Talc	15.00Tennessee #5 ball clay	5.00Silica	20.00Cobalt oxide	2.00Bentonite	2.00Tin oxide	2.00Comments:Here's a ^9 'Emily G. Purple' I used to use 15 years ago. It has a wonderful buttery textureand is very purple. submitted by: Elizabeth Beth Fusaro e-mail:elfusaro@freenet.scri.fsu.eduGlaze name: Purple Emily'sCone: 10Color: PurpleTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	41.00Gerstley borate	12.00Dolomite	7.00Talc	15.00Ball clay	5.00Silica	20.00Bentonite	2.00Cobalt oxide	2.00Zircopax	3.00Comments:Here's a purple that doesn't need reduction. It comes out fine incone 10 neutral in my gas kiln.  Jennifer Boyer e-mail:Cobalt1994@aol.comGlaze name: Purple HazeCone: 10Color: PurpleTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	50.00Whiting	8.80Silica	21.30Kaolin	2.70Gerstley borate	6.90Dolomite	6.40Zinc oxide	4.20snno	3.20Copper carbonate	1.10Titanium dioxide	3.50Comments:From John Britt's book "High-Fire Glazes".Glaze name: Purple RainCone: 8Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer feldspar	50.89Silica	25.45Whiting	8.14Dolomite	5.09Gerstley borate	5.09Barium carbonate	5.09Zinc oxide	0.25Tin oxide	1.02Copper carbonate	2.03Cobalt carbonate	0.25Comments:This is an old art school recipe....man, its been years, so don'tknow if all ingrediants still available or whatever. It worked realwell at ^8. We called it Purple Rain (dates it, don't it?) submittedby: Carol A. Spiros e-mail: Taraegon@aol.comGlaze name: Raspberry Red to Pale SeagreenCone: 10Color: Raspberry Red to Pale SeagreenTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.91Whiting	22.36Silica	25.32Talc	7.81EPK	12.55Bone ash	1.05Copper Oxide	5.49Comments:FLUID, DO NOT DIP. THIN USE W/ CHUN/YANIGARA/HT/BLACK STAIN June: Ihave used this oribe as an accent glaze only. Thick it is green witha shine, but not a gloss to it. Thin, it is pink (reduced). I foundthat flung from a brush through a seive will produce light pink finespatter. I use it with a chun that has tin oxide, but no othercolorant and a semi matt white, from a potter by the name ofYanigara. If you like the way it behaves, Ill send the Yanigara rx aswell. It is a favorite of mine. submitted by: Donald Goldsobele-mail: pots@pacificnet.netGlaze name: Red Bailey'sCone: 10Color: red-brownTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledCrystals: SmallRecipe:Custer feldspar	47.00Silica	13.00Kaolin	13.00Talc	10.50Bone ash	14.00Lithium carbonate	2.50Red iron oxide	8.00Comments:From John Britt's book High Fire Glazes.Glaze name: Red CopperCone: 9-10Color: RedTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueSource: Central Clay--www.cclay.comRecipe:Gillespie borate	8.00Whiting	15.00Nepheline syenite	13.00EPK	9.00Flint	30.00G-200 feldspar	25.00Tin oxide	2.00Copper carbonate	1.50Comments:Glaze name: Red Lab Fee IntenseCone: 8-10Color: RedTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	20.00Kona F-4 feldspar	22.00Dolomite	10.00Grolleg	20.00Flint	12.00Talc	8.00Whiting	8.00Cerdec Intensive Red stain	12.00Comments:From Peter BeaseckerGlaze name: Red OharataCone: 9 - 12Color: Red, gold, yellowTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Ball clay	6.00Custer feldspar	48.00Flint	22.00Talc	6.00Whiting	6.00Bone ash	12.00Red iron oxide	10.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:Tomato red with orange gold flecks in reduction. Satin glossy yellowgreen in salt. Must have lighter reduction up and slow reoxidizingcool at top temperature, four to six hours.Glaze name: Red ShanerCone: 10Color: Red Red-BrownTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Calcium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	50.00EPK	7.00Whiting	20.00Talc	4.00Calcined kaolin	15.00Bone ash	4.00Iron oxide	3.80Comments:This is the original Shaner Red. Colors from earthy yellow toyellow-green to a rich iron red. Deep red brown with yellow greenovertones where thick. Yellow green with red fleck and dark brownwhere thin. Yellow green where thick. Something like Rowlands. 'Use10% bone ash and it goes red as hell--like copper red, amazing' GlazeType: Ca AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From ValCushing. VC edGlaze name: Rene' Ben Lisa (France)Cone: 10Color: dark green with ironTesting: UntestedSurface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	54.55Whiting	13.64Flint	22.73Kaolin	4.55Barium Carb	4.55yellow ochre	4.55Comments:Here is a dark green shiny glaze that I used when I was doingporcelain ^10 reduction....It is beautiful especially on texture. Addmore if you want a deeper green Add 10% red iron ox. for a temmoku Iknow it does not add up to 100...try it anyway. On stoneware it is abit bland for my tastes but on white stoneware or porcelain its abeauty. It comes from Peter Lane's book Studio Porcelain As Always inClay Peggy peggy heerGlaze name: Rhodes Magnesia BaseCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: semi-matteFiring: Recipe:Custer spar	42.86Gerstley borate	12.38Dolomite	6.67Talc	14.29EPK	4.76Silica	19.05Comments:Then add 1- 8% Iron Chromate, depending on how dark a grey you want.The grey will be slightly greenish. I used to mAke a semi-matt grey(as well as a lot of other colors) when I was doing ^10 reductionfrom Rhodes Magnesia Base.Hope this helps. Paul Lewing, Seattlehttp:digitalfire.com/magic/lewing.htmGlaze name: Rivulet #1 + #2Cone: 9Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Fake ashTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Flint	10.00EPK	10.00Ball clay	20.00Whiting	30.00Dolomite	7.50Barium carbonate	12.50Strontium carbonate	10.00Comments:Runs in webs and rivulets. Nice fake ash base for colors. Runs too much if firedabove cone 9.From Margaret BohlsVariations --deep blue: +titanium diox. 4, + cobalt carb. 2%, + RIO 0.5%Pink: + Alpine Rose stain 7%, + zircopax 2%Glaze name: Rivulet V.C.Cone: 9 - 10Color: Yellow greenTesting: UntestedSurface: Glossy and MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca FakeAshRecipe:Ball clay	30.00Whiting	30.00Barium carbonate	15.00Dolomite	15.00Flint	10.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:Do not apply right to the foot. It will run. This is a high calcium,fake ash glaze. Thin=rustybrown;med.=yellow green;thick=moss greenpools Glaze Type: Ca FakeAsh . Opacity: Semi-opq. Firing type: Redtn.From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Rivulet V.C.Cone: 9 - 10Color: Yellow greenTesting: UntestedSurface: Glossy and MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca FakeAshRecipe:Ball clay	30.00Whiting	30.00Barium carbonate	15.00Dolomite	15.00Flint	10.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:Do not apply right to the foot. It will run. This is a high calcium,fake ash glaze. Thin=rustybrown;med.=yellow green;thick=moss greenpools Glaze Type: Ca FakeAsh . Opacity: Semi-opq. Firing type: Redtn.From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Rivulet V.C. #1Cone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Fake ashTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Flint	10.00EPK	20.00Ball clay	10.00Whiting	30.00Strontium carbonate	20.00Barium carbonate	10.00Comments:Opaque and satin at cone 9, not runny and rivulety, but nice varied surface. Bluedevelops nice titanium crystals on the surface. A nice complement to the Rivulet#1 + #2 glaze.From Margaret BohlsVariations --deep blue: +titanium diox. 4, + cobalt carb. 2%, + RIO 0.5%Pink: + Alpine Rose stain 7%, + zircopax 2%Glaze name: Rivulet V.C. #1 from BohlsCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Fake ashTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Flint	10.00EPK	20.00Ball clay	10.00Whiting	30.00Strontium carbonate	20.00Barium carbonate	10.00Comments:Not runny rivulet at cone 9, but a nice varied surface. A nice complement to the Rivulet 1 + 2glaze.From Margaret Bohls.Variations --deep blue: titanium diox 4 + cobalt carb. 2 + RIO 0.5%Blue develops Ti crystals on the surfacepink: Alpine rose Mason stain 7 + zircopax 2%Glaze name: Rivulet VC 1 + 2Cone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: OxidationGlaze type: Fake ashRecipe:Flint	10.00EPK	10.00Ball clay	20.00Whiting	30.00Dolomite	7.50Barium carbonate	12.50Strontium carbonate	10.00Comments:Runs in webs & rivulets. Nice fake-ash base for colors. Runs too much if firedhotter than cone 9. From Margaret Bohls.Variations --deep blue: titanium diox 4 + cobalt carb. 2 + RIO 0.5%pink: Alpine rose Mason stain 7 + zircopax 2% + RIO 0.5%Glaze name: Ruth Ballou's SlipCone: 5-10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Nepheline syenite	25.00Ball clay	20.00EPK	20.00Silica	30.00Borax	5.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:cone 8-10 for various shades of Blue Green add: 1-4% Chrome Ox 1-3%Cobalt Carb Muted blue 5 Cobalt Carb 10 Red Iron OX 15 Rutile Blue2-4% Cobalt Carb Brown 5 - 40% Red Iron Ox submitted by: Ruth Balloue-mail: rballou@access.digex.netGlaze name: Rutile BlueCone: 10Color: rutile blueTesting: Surface: shiny, glossyFiring: Recipe:Potash feldspar	32.20Whiting	20.50Flint	19.50EPK	16.60Talc	11.20Rutile	8.30Comments:Below is a glaze I have been using for years, I got it out of CM.Likes a thick dip and I also double dip rims. Does not like a longsoak at cone 10. Looks best at a good cone 9 (slightly satin withshiny spots) or 10 ( glossy blue with mottling and crystals) GoodLuck! Barbara Murphy, Waterloo, Ontario dave murphy<murphy@sentex.net>Glaze name: Rutile Blue #1Cone: 9 - 10Color: tan to light blueTesting: Surface: satin to glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	32.20Whiting	20.50Flint	19.50EPK	16.60Talc	11.20Rutile	8.30Comments:from Alfred U. days Tan where thin Beige where med. and mottled lightblue where thick. Satin matt to gloss. Well I finally got around totyping this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all thedonated recipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'llcontinue testing and reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Rutile Blue #2Cone: 9 - 10Color: tan to blueTesting: Surface: satin to glossFiring: reductionRecipe:Dolomite	15.80G-200 feldspar	30.00Whiting	11.10EPK	16.80Flint	26.30Rutile	8.00Comments:from Kevin Tan satin almost gold where thin. pasty blue gloss wherethick. Beautiful with CB slip Well I finally got around to typingthis thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donatedrecipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continuetesting and reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes weretested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One sideof the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Rutile Blue ICone: 10 - 11Color: rutile blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer spar	28.90Whiting	20.60EPK	18.90Flint	31.60Rutile	7.00Comments:I can't put my hands on that copy of CM right now, but I did copyinto my glaze notebook the two rutile glazes in that article. RutileBlue II is a glaze I am still using. Jan Wax jan wax<waxbing@pacific.net>Glaze name: Rutile Blue IICone: 10Color: rutile blueTesting: Surface: glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Dolomite	15.80Custer spar	30.00Whiting	11.10EPK	16.80Flint	26.30Rutile	8.00Comments:I can't put my hands on that copy of CM right now, but I did copyinto my glaze notebook the two rutile glazes in that article. RutileBlue II is a glaze I am still using. Jan Wax jan wax<waxbing@pacific.net>Glaze name: Rutile Blue SEGARCone: 9 - 10Color: blue to rustTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	42.00Flint	27.00Ball clay	13.00Whiting	18.00Black iron oxide	4.00Titanium dioxide	4.00Comments:If you are looking for a reliable rutile blue glaze, I have one thatuses titanium (pure form of rutile, of course) and is very nice. Itcomes out as a classic blue (thick), rust (thinner) glaze and I havefound it to be very reliable. Gail Dapogny in Ann Arbor james dapogny<jdapogny@umich.edu>Glaze name: Rutile MixCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Rutile	50.00Gerstley borate	50.00Comments:Glaze name: Sapergia BaseCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Talc	9.84Whiting	17.97Custer feldspar	28.28Alberta slip	12.50Kaolin	14.38Silica	17.03Rutile	7.34Comments:We've been having a terrible time with one of our production glazes.We've used it for several years without a problem, but after moving ayear ago we started getting major blisters. Some firings are ok, thenwe'll have a terrible load even tho we fire the same schedule eachtime. We thot it might be the new water (it's softer, so we wonderedif it might have more sodium), but tried the 'old' water, got thesame blisters, altho not as bad (for a load or 2). We typically fire(propane) to ^10 tip touching, in about 11-12 hours) start reductionat ^012 at the coolest spot in the kiln. We take an hour from ^9 to^10, then usually leave the damper open for an hour to quick coolbefore we close it. We tried closing it immediately for a slow cool,hoping to smooth out the glaze, but still had blisters and had lostall our great blues. The temp is within 1/2 cone throughout the kiln,and reduction seems fairly even. The other thing is that it isn'tevery pot in that glaze. On one shelf, the pots on one side might beblistered and the other side fine, and one shelf up or down theopposite side is affected. It seems worse when the glaze is thin.Sometimes a re-fire helps smooth them out. Our 2 claybodies arePlainsman H443 (brown) and H551 (white). Could it be the clay? Wehave some blisters in other glazes too, altho not as bad. The onlycommon ingredient in custer spar. I hope I've given you enough infoto help me. It's been a year of seconds, losing about 20%. submittedby: Barb & Ray Sapergia e-mail: sapergia@island.netGlaze name: Satin in TheoryCone: Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Feldspar theoretical	19.00Dolomite	6.00Whiting	12.00Kaolin - theoretical	14.00Silica	48.00Comments:Glaze name: Satin Mat Carlton BallCone: 7 - 9Color: ClearTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: TranslucentRecipe:Feldspar	56.10Nepheline syenite	15.40Whiting	13.30Kaolin	8.60Barium carbonate	6.60Comments:While going through my Ball Syllabus, I came acrossthe following and I wondered if anyone had tried it? I was thinkingof recalculating for strontium at: feldspar 57.04 neph sy 15.65whiting 13.52 kaolin 8.74 strontium carb 5.03 I assume he used thisin oxidation. I know he fired over clays that came from Quyle Kilnsin Murphys CA so the stuff was an iron buff stoneware. Emily inAstoria where it's raining, again... emily henderson<epfizh@mail.pacifier.com>Glaze name: Satin Matt G218 Conrad'sCone: 5-9Color: Translucent WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin MatteFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Soda feldspar	47.00Flint	15.00Talc	14.00Gerstley borate	12.00Dolomite	8.00Kaolin	4.00Comments:Glaze name: Satin matt speckled light tanCone: 8 - 9Color: speckled light tanTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationRecipe:Albany Slip	50.00Talc	40.00Whiting	10.00Comments:Rob Wadey (robert wadey ) 9734B - 100 Ave Grande Prairie, Alberta t8V0T6 Phone: (403) 538-3731 Fax: (403) 538.3732Glaze name: Satin Matte Robin HopperCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueFlow: SlightRecipe:Feldspar	45.00Dolomite	20.00Gerstley borate	10.00Kaolin	20.00Tin oxide	8.00Comments:Stable glaze good for brushwork on top.Glaze name: satin mix M3Cone: 9-10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Cornwall Stone	21.00EPK	28.00Talc	10.00Whiting	17.00Strontium carbonate	12.00Silica	13.00Comments:Glaze name: Satin NightmareCone: 9 - 10Color: metallic brown to redTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:Cornwall Stone	50.00EPK	25.00Whiting	25.00Red iron oxide	8.00Comments:Satin matt. Very similar to Shaner red. Very metallic brown going todeep red over white slip. Well I finally got around to typing thisthing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donatedrecipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continuetesting and reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes weretested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One sideof the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Satin Rick HaynesCone: 9 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Sensuous Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Ca Mg NaTransparency: Semi-opaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Whiting	8.00Flint	30.00Nepheline syenite	45.00Talc theoretical	7.00Dolomite	10.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:One of Val's 'Four Star' glazes. Very Smooth, lovely to touch, tactile quality isfour star. Rec. by VC for Liz R. & LA Pottery 2/92 Ayumi Horie says "beefy wh itethat in soda breaks into snowy crystals.Variations --Colorants 0.5% CoCarb. = lavender range;2% Red iron oxide + 4% Rutile = beige range2% RIO olive greenblue/white crystals 0.5% cobalt carb12% Cerdec red inclusion stain - warm redGlaze name: Satin Rick HaynesCone: 9 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ca Mg NaTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Whiting	8.00Flint	30.00Nepheline syenite	45.00Talc	7.00Dolomite	10.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:One of Val's 'Four Star' glazes. Very Smooth, lovely to touch,tactile quality is four star. Glaze Type: Ca Mg Na. From Val Cushing.Variations --0.5% CoCarb. =lavender2% Red iron oxide + 4% Rutile = beigeGlaze name: Saturated Iron EarlhamCone: 9Color: BrownTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledCrystals: SmallDurability: GoodRecipe:Feldspar	49.00Whiting	18.00EPK	13.00Flint	20.00Red iron oxide	12.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Glaze name: Saturated Iron Oharata RedCone: 9 - 12Color: Red, gold, yellow OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateRecipe:Ball clay	6.00Custer feldspar	48.00Flint	22.00Talc	6.00Whiting	6.00Bone ash	12.00Red iron oxide	10.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:Tomatoe red with orange gold flecks in reduction. Satin glossy yellowgreen in salt. Must have lighter reduction up and slow reoxidizingcool at top temperature, four to six hours. Glaze Type: Ca Mg KIronRed SaltFire. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From ValCushing. VC edGlaze name: Saturated Iron Ohata KakiCone: 9-10Color: RedTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: CrystallineCrystals: SmallFlow: SlightDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer feldspar	51.90Flint	22.90EPK	7.20Talc	7.20Bone ash	10.80Red iron oxide	12.00Comments:UF Shop glaze. Nice bright saturated iron. Needs to be adquately thick.Slow cooling favors growth of iron crystals and bright rust color. Quick coolingwill yield dull brown.Glaze name: Saturated Iron PersimmonCone: 9 - 10Color: Iron RedTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: reductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: SmallRecipe:Custer feldspar	71.42Silica	14.29Whiting	14.29Bentonite	3.06Red iron oxide	2.04Rutile	3.06Comments:submitted by: Michelle Lowe e-mail: mishlowe@indirectcomGlaze name: Saturated Iron RedCone: 8 - 9Color: iron redTesting: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: oxidationGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:China clay	6.83Potash feldspar	50.73Flint, or Quartz	14.63Whiting	2.44Bone ash	14.63Talc	10.73Red iron oxide	9.76Comments:If it is of interest, a common recipe for the so called Iron Red inoxidation used over here is as follows. The key RM is Bone Ash. fireto ^8 or ^9 molecular analysis K20 0.189 Al2O3 0.346 SiO2 2.820 Na2O0.070 Fe2O3 0.178 P2O5 0.137 CaO 0.494 _____ _____ MgO 0.247 0.5242.957 _____ 1.000 David Hewitt David Hewitt Pottery Caerleon,Newport, Gwent, UK.Glaze name: Saturated Iron V.C.Cone: 9 - 10Color: Black to Plum RedTesting: UntestedSurface: Glossy SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateRecipe:Custer feldspar	20.00Kona F-4 spar	14.00Whiting	17.00Barium carbonate	3.00EPK	15.00Flint	31.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Black breaks to red plum. High alumina keeps this from being Temmoku.It is more subtle and satin. Glaze Type: Ca IronSaturate. Opacity:Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Semi Matt RedCone: 10Color: Opaque RedTesting: Surface: Semi-Matte or SatinFiring: Recipe:Zinc oxide (calcined)	6.50Whiting	13.00Ferro frit 3134	9.00G-200 feldspar	39.00Ball clay	7.50Silica	25.00Copper carbonate	0.40Tin oxide	9.00Comments:White RETRY My experience with copper red is that what matters mostis to begin reduction at cone 012 fairly heavy and then go intomoderate reduction after cone 05 drops. Continue moderate to lightreduction until cone 10 then a brief oxidation peroid of about 10minutes. If you over reduce it will be liver brown and under reducedwill be celadon. One solution to a problem (uneven, spotty reductionand under reduced)we had was to turn down the gas and air. To slow itdown and reduce at the above schedule. We were firing in an Alpineupdraft with blowers and just running the same schedule as the peoplewho fired before us. (It was a community center). They were firing at4 pounds pressure (natural gas) with the blowers at 70. Somethinglike that. But we reduced the gas and the air and the firing was 100%better. No more spotty reduction or unreduced pots. (I kind of missthose unwanted interesting results though.) submitted by: John Britte-mail: claydude@erinet.comGlaze name: Semi-Matte Magnesia Base RhodesCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: reductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	42.90Gerstley borate	12.40Dolomite	6.70Talc	14.30EPK	4.80Silica	19.10Comments:Paul Lewing, Seattlehttp:digitalfire.com/magic/lewing.htmVariations --add 1- 8% Iron Chromate, depending on how dark a grey you want.The grey will be slightly greenish.Glaze name: SG-21Cone: 10Color: TanTesting: Surface: MattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueCrystals: SmallBubbles: NoneFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	40.00Whiting	10.00Dolomite	15.00Magnesium carbonate	10.00EPK	15.00Flint	10.00Comments:From Aysha PeltzGlaze name: SG-21 adjustedCone: 10Color: TanTesting: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueCrystals: SmallBubbles: NoneFlow: ExtremeRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	34.20Dolomite	28.20Magnesium carbonate	0.80Silica	23.10Bone ash	0.07Alumina hydrate	13.60Comments:From Aysha PeltzGlaze name: Shaner OribeCone: 10 - 11Color: greenTesting: UntestedSurface: glossFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.91Silica	25.32Whiting	22.36Talc	7.81EPK	12.55Bone ash	1.05Bentonite	1.05Copper carbonate	5.49Comments:This is a glossy forest green at cone 10-11. below ^10 it is similarin color, but a satin matte. submitted by: Dave Eitel e-mail:daveitel@execpc.comGlaze name: Shino #1 Malcolm DavisCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionGlaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Soda ash	19.00OM-4 Ball Clay	15.00Soda feldspar	11.00EPK	10.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #1 Warren MacKenzie'sCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	60.61Kentucky OM #4	20.00Spodumene	15.16Soda ash	4.02Bentonite	2.33Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #2 Malcolm DavisCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionGlaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	44.73Soda ash	16.20OM-4 Ball Clay	12.92Soda feldspar	9.24EPK	16.90Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #2 OestreichCone: 9 - 10Color: TanTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	42.88Kona F-4 feldspar	10.28Spodumene	14.47Kentucky OM #4	14.29EPK	14.29Soda ash	3.78Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #2 Warren MacKenzie'sCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	42.42Spodumene	36.36EPK	12.12Soda ash	9.09Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #3 Malcolm DavisCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionGlaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	38.64Soda ash	16.32OM-4 Ball Clay	13.01EPK	17.02Kona F-4 feldspar	9.31Redart clay	5.71Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #4Cone: 10Color: white to orange if thinTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny, glossyFiring: ReductionRecipe:Soda ash	4.55Nepheline syenite	68.18Spodumene	4.54EPK	4.55Kentucky ball clay	18.18Comments:This is a shino that I have used for years, it works on stoneware orporcelain, it will sometimes crawl on stoneware, I have never seen itcrawl on porcelain. It must be very thin on porcelain to turn orange,or try putting a wash of an iron rich glaze (I use temmoku) beforeapplying the shino. Shinos need a good reduction to get the orangecolor, as you probably know. Good luck. David CuzickClaycuzian@aol.comGlaze name: Shino #4 David CuzickCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	68.18Spodumene	4.54OM-4 Ball Clay	18.18EPK	4.55Soda ash	4.55Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Bill Buckner's Carbon Trapping OrangeCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Soda feldspar	13.00Spodumene	9.00Ball clay	15.00Kaolin	8.00Cedar Heights Redart	3.00Soda ash	12.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Bill Buckner's Carbon Trapping OrangeCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Soda feldspar	13.00Spodumene	9.00Ball clay	15.00Kaolin	8.00Cedar Heights Redart	3.00Soda ash	12.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino C10R Revised ShanerCone: 10Color: orange to grey whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	36.00EPK	27.00Spodumene	13.00OM-4 Ball Clay	12.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	9.00Soda ash	3.00Comments:NOTE: originally specified anhydrous Soda Ash Lowell Baker: Here arethree more shino glazes for you to explore. One is probably wellknown, Shaner's shino, it is the one we use at Mohawk C's 'ceramicslab' stoney creek. As quoted this is a high alkali glaze (sodium andlithium) and unusually high alumina 1.6 moles (29.5% by weight). Thisglaze doesn't fit the pattern of C10R glazes but works if one appliesit carefully. (The iron comes from the raw materials and totals 0.01moles, 0.35%) A thin singlecoat yeilds variegated organge especiallyon a embossed surface. If a second coat is applied, one gets a greyedwhite, and if the glaze is even thicker it will crawl. From: Tom BuckGlaze name: Shino Carbon TrapCone: 9 - 10Color: white to orangeTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	75.00Soda ash	8.00Lithium carbonate	7.00EPK	5.00Flint	5.00Comments:Originally specified lithium oxide -almost certainly this should havebeen lithium carbonate. Works well in soda and salt kilns, too. Youmight try sifting some ash directly onto the work after glazing, toimplement the fly ash in the kiln. I've done that with good results,in heavy reduction. Dannon Rhudy <potter@koyote.com>Glaze name: Shino Carbon Trapping OrangeCone: 10 - 11Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Soda feldspar	13.00Spodumene	9.00Ball clay	15.00Kaolin	8.00Redart clay	3.00Soda ash	12.00Comments:As per your request for a shino, here is one I developed and amparticularly fond of. I do not know how low it could be fired. I fireit to ^10-11. One of the most important aspects of shinos is HOW theyare fired. To get good fire color, I reduce from ^010 on until theend, then I back the burners off to low and oxidize for 1-2 hoursbefore shutting down. For testing, apply at various thicknesses fromvery thin to very thick for a variety of color/texture types.submitted by: Bill Buckner e-mail: couwbb@gsusgi2.gsu.eduGlaze name: Shino Craig Pearce SaltCone: 10 - 12Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	88.00Kaolin	9.00Ball clay	3.00Salt	5.00Comments:glossy, apply thin! submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail:WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino David ShanerCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	39.47Kaolin	30.70Spodumene	13.38Kentucky OM #4	13.16Soda ash	3.29Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino David Shaner's Carbon TrapCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Soda feldspar	14.58Spodumene	12.50EPK	2.91Soda ash	3.33Nepheline syenite	50.02Ball clay	16.66Bentonite	3.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino DryCone: 10Color: Orange-redTesting: Surface: MattFiring: WoodGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	41.56Spodumene	27.67EPK	23.00Comments:From Tara Wilson. Used in wood-fireGlaze name: Shino GlazeCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Soda ash	8.08Spodumene	30.30Nepheline syenite	39.40EPK	5.05OM-4 Ball Clay	17.17Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Green SaltCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Red Art Clay	15.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: shino GustinCone: 10Color: orange to whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: ReductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Spodumene	15.00OM-4 ball clay	15.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	11.00EPK kaolin	10.00Soda ash	4.00Comments:NOTE: originally specified 'Soda Ash light' Additions as below (sameas for Wirt shino). COE 8.1. Alumina 1.2 moles (26.4%) add colorants(iron and/or rutile) and Bentonite 1% Estimated COE 8.4 (high). Thisrecipe is proposed for testing and any results should be reported toCLAYART amd San diego. From: Tom BuckGlaze name: Shino Gustin RecalcCone: 10Color: orange to whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: ReductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	44.80Spodumene	15.00Kona F-4 feldspar	5.20Kaolin - theoretical	27.00Soda ash	5.10Flint	3.00Comments:NOTE: originally specified 'Soda Ash light' Additions as below (sameas for Wirt shino). COE 8.1. Alumina 1.2 moles (26.4%) add colorants(iron and/or rutile) and Bentonite 1% Estimated COE 8.4 (high). Thisrecipe is proposed for testing and any results should be reported toCLAYART amd San diego. From: Tom BuckVariations --recalc to match alumnia content of using calcined kaolinGlaze name: Shino Gustin Rev.Cone: 9 - 10Color: White to orangeTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Na Li Al ShinoRecipe:Neph Sye	45.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	11.00Spodumene	15.00Ball clay	15.00Calcined kaolin	10.00Soda ash	4.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Iron and Rutile are the only colorants that do much for shino typeglazes. Carbon trap glaze. Orange according to the amt. of redtn.Rust where thin, greys where carbon trapped. For a crawling shino,sub EPK for calcined kaolin and apply thickly. Glaze Type: Na Li AlShino. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Shino Gustin's #1Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Soda feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20Ball clay	15.00EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:*Also posted as Oestreich's Shino using Kona F4 & no Bentonite sourcefor original recipe: Dennis Smith, Southwest Craft Center submittedby: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Gustin's #1 VariationCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Soda feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20Red Art Clay	15.00EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Comments:Same as Gustin's Shino #1 but uses Red Art instead of Ball Clay andno bentonite submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Gustin's 2Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 feldspar	11.00Spodumene	15.00Ball clay	15.00Calcined kaolin	10.00Soda ash	4.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino J. Kalin's Pull-it-out-of-a-hatCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: reductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	50.00Spodumene	15.00Soda feldspar	15.00kaolin	15.00Silica	5.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Jack Troy's Carbon TrapCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Kona F-4 Feldspar	33.98Spodumene	29.13Nepheline syenite	14.56kaolin	9.71Soda ash	7.77OM-4 Ball Clay	4.85Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Jeff Oestreich'sCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20Ball clay	15.00EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Comments:The best Shino recipe I've used is Jeff Oestreich's. It produces abeautiful orange peal surface, and not a lot of pinholes. This is acone 10 glaze. submitted by: Todd Osborne e-mail:OSBORN10@MARSHALL.EDUGlaze name: Shino Jeremy'sCone: 10Color: Translucent White to orangeTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: saltRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Spodumene	30.00OM-4 Ball Clay	17.00Soda ash	8.00EPK	5.00Comments:The plain shino I use is known to me as Jeff Oestreich's Shino,although many people tell me it is actually a Chris Gustin glaze, butof course we should know that it or something akin to it is fromsomeone eons old.... Good luck with these. They are generally prettydecent glazes. submitted by: Jeremy Nudell Kalin e-mail:kali0015@gold.tc.umn.eduGlaze name: Shino Jeremy's GreenCone: 10Color: Translucent GreenTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: saltRecipe:F-4 Feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20Kaolin	10.00Soda ash	4.00Nepheline syenite	45.00Redart Clay	15.00Cobalt carbonate	0.25Chrome oxide	0.25Comments:I have also used a shino with some cobalt and chrome as a greenshino- it only goes a fatty green in salt, in redux it's a paleanemic green. Good luck with these. They are generally pretty decentglazes. I suppose those Celadon cops might try to insist that thegreen is no longer a shino, but a green is a green is a green. Thebase is still a shino, okay... submitted by: Jeremy Nudell Kaline-mail: kali0015@gold.tc.umn.eduGlaze name: shino johnstonCone: 8-10Color: OrangeTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	44.60Kona F-4 feldspar	10.63Amblygonite	15.06Ball clay	14.87EPK	9.91Soda ash	2.95KY White Glaze Clay	1.98Comments:Clay Times May/June 2002Glaze name: Shino JP's #1006 Orange Carbon TrapCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Soda ash	4.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	18.40Nepheline syenite	45.00Spodumene	15.20EPK	2.40OM-4 Ball Clay	15.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino JP's #1188 White/Orange/Pink Super Carbon trapCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	15.16Spodumene	16.00Soda ash	4.21Nepheline syenite	47.37Ball clay	17.26Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's #1013 Peach to RedCone: 10 - 11Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	39.34Spodumene	30.63OM-4 Ball Clay	17.22Soda ash	8.01EPK	4.80Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's #1127 RedCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	28.57EPK	26.79Lizella Red	44.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's #1227 FergusonCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Kona F-4 Feldspar	14.60Spodumene	12.50EPK	2.90Nepheline syenite	50.00OM-4 Ball Clay	16.70Soda ash	3.30Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's #789 OrangeCone: 9Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	53.66Potash feldspar	41.46OM-4 Ball Clay	2.44Red clay	2.44Comments:*red mule, red horse, etc. If use Redart could probably go ^10submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's #790 RedCone: 9Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	20.00Potash feldspar	40.00Kentucky OM #4	40.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's Another PossibilityCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	75.00OM-4 Ball Clay	25.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino June Perry's PossibilityCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	80.00OM-4 Ball Clay	20.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Kalin's GreenCone: 9 - 10Color: GreenTesting: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Redart clay	15.00Cobalt carbonate	0.25Chrome oxide	0.25Comments:I can now type Nepheline Syenite, Spodumene, and Feldspar without anyproblem at all, however, I cannot type anything else! submitted by:Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Kansas CityCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	18.60Spodumene	15.40Nepheline syenite	45.50Soda ash	4.00Ball clay	16.70Comments:Glaze name: Shino Kansas City no spodCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	75.50Lithium carbonate	2.80Whiting	0.70Kaolin - theoretical	12.10Silica	9.00Comments:Glaze name: Shino Kansas City no spod w/sodaCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	57.90Soda ash	3.90Lithium carbonate	2.70Whiting	0.60Kaolin - theoretical	22.30Silica	12.60Comments:Glaze name: Shino Linda'sCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	49.48Spodumene	25.77EPK	5.15OM-4 Ball Clay	8.25Soda feldspar	7.22Soda ash	4.12Comments:For a pink salmon add 5% mason stain 6020 For yellow add 5% zirconiumyellow stain (nice on grolleg) submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail:WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Malcolm Davis #1Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Soda ash	19.00Kentucky OM #4	15.00Soda feldspar	11.00EPK	10.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Malcolm Davis #2Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Soda ash	16.00Soda feldspar	9.00EPK	17.00Kentucky OM #4	13.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Malcolm Davis #3Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	39.00Soda ash	16.00EPK	17.00Kona F-4 feldspar	9.00Redart clay	6.00Kentucky OM #4	13.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Malcolm'sCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.90Soda ash	17.30Kentucky OM #4	13.80Kona F-4 feldspar	9.80EPK	18.20Comments:thick = creamy buffVariations --add 6 redart for oranger color thin.Glaze name: Shino Michael CardewCone: 9 - 10Color: buff to orangeTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	43.42Potash feldspar	44.74Ball clay	11.84Bentonite	5.26Eutruia Marl	0.04Comments:Glaze type: ClayArt Listserv recipe < If you find this glaze useful,please consider submitting it to the GlazeBase project with fulldocumentation. Use one of the GlazeBase submission formats availableon the CeramicsWeb web page. Eturuia Marl is possibly a salt -perhaps add 5% salt and 1% Red Iron Oxide submitted by: AlbertWeinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Oesteich SaltCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.00Spodumene	30.00OM-4 Ball Clay	17.00EPK	5.00Soda ash	8.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino OestreichCone: 9-10Color: TanTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Soda ash	4.00Spodumene	15.50Kona F-4 feldspar	18.50nsd	45.50Kentucky OM #4	16.50Redart	5.00Comments:From Jeff OestreichGlaze name: Shino Oestreich  #2Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	43.00Kona F-4 feldspar	10.00Spodumene	14.00Kentucky OM #4	15.00EPK	14.00Soda ash	4.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Oestreich'sCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20Ball clay	15.00EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Comments:The best Shino recipe I've used is Jeff Oestreich's. It produces abeautiful orange peal surface, and not a lot of pinholes. This is acone 10 glaze. submitted by: Todd Osborne e-mail:OSBORN10@MARSHALL.EDUGlaze name: Shino OrangeCone: 9 - 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: Glaze type: ShinoRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	10.49Spodumene	14.76EPK	9.71Soda ash	3.88Nepheline syenite	43.69Ball clay	14.56Redart clay	2.91Bentonite	1.94Comments:I make no claims regarding these glazes' reliability or safety. Idon't know of their origin. These are in use at Hui No'Eau inMakawao, Maui. sam tomich <aphesis@interpac.net>Glaze name: Shino P.D. CrackCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	8.00Spodumene	11.00Soda ash	3.00Nepheline syenite	37.00Kentucky OM #4	11.00Magnesium carbonate	4.00EPK	26.00Comments:" Stiff surface if applied thickly; will crack apart and expose the surface beneath. Great over dark stoneware or over dark slips on porcelain. Will not shift or run at cone 10. Cone 9-10 reduction."Coleman recipe from David Beumee <hotpots@BOULDER.NET>Glaze name: Shino Paul DavisCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	49.48Spodumene	33.06Zirconium silicate	4.99Alumina hydrate	12.47Salt	2.08Bentonite	4.16Comments:submitted by: Brian Kemp e-mail: kempb@nievaxnieacsgGlaze name: Shino Shaner RevisedCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	36.00Kona F-4 feldspar	9.00Spodumene	13.00Kentucky OM #4	12.00EPK	27.00Soda ash (anhydrous)	3.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Shaner's SinterCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	36.07Kona F-4 feldspar	8.62Spodumene	12.22Kentucky OM #4	12.02EPK	28.06Soda ash	3.01Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino slipCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	18.40Spodumene	15.20Kentucky OM #4	15.00Soda ash	4.00Nepheline syenite	45.00EPK	2.40Bentonite	2.00Comments:from Shelley S. at shelleys@dimensional.comGlaze name: Shino Slip Anderson RanchCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: reductionRecipe:Soda ash	3.20Spodumene	12.16Kona F-4 Feldspar	8.64Nepheline syenite	36.00EPK	28.00OM-4 Ball Clay	12.00Bentonite	3.00Comments:Bentonite 3-5% on porcelain submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail:WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino SO41Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: reductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 Feldspar	33.98Spodumene	29.13EPK	9.71Soda ash	7.77Nepheline syenite	14.56Ball clay	4.85Comments:I've enclosed a list (partial) of Shino recipes I've gleaned fromClayArt and the kindness of friends plus a few recipes from books. Ineach I've tried to give reference to the source of the glaze. I'vetried to be as accurate as possible in copying these. Please excuseany errors. Albert Weinhardt, 99 Bowls of Tea on the Wall Potterysubmitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Southwest Craft CenterCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Soda ash	3.05Nepheline syenite	57.31Spodumene	23.97Ball clay	15.67Bentonite	3.41Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Southwest Craft CenterCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Soda ash	3.05Nepheline syenite	57.31Spodumene	23.97Ball clay	15.67Bentonite	3.41Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Tight CrawlCone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	56.11Salt	2.93Calcined kaolin	15.13EPK	16.78rhyolite	9.05Comments:Ceramics Monthly p. 27 collection of articles on wood-firing. Also U NM glaze recipes.Glaze name: Shino Tight Crawl no rhyoliteCone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	47.50Soda ash	5.00Dolomite	0.01Whiting	0.10EPK	45.90Silica	1.30Rutile	0.10Red iron oxide	0.06Comments:Ceramics Monthly p. 27 collection of articles on wood-firing. Also U NM glaze recipes.Glaze name: Shino Todd OsborneCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Nepheline syenite	45.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	10.80Spodumene	15.20OM-4 Ball Clay	15.00EPK	10.00Soda ash	4.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Type GlazeCone: 10Color: Translucent White to orangeTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: saltRecipe:Soda ash	10.00Spodumene	40.00Nepheline syenite	40.00OM-4 Ball Clay	10.00Bentonite	1.50Comments:Percentage Analysis:best in salt or woodfire. Mix with cone 6 Shino type glaze to varythe firing temperatures between cone 6 and cone 10. source fororiginal recipe: Crain Edwards submitted by: Lee Love e-mail:leelove@mill2.MillComm.COMGlaze name: Shino Very Dry WilsonCone: 10Color: redTesting: Surface: MattFiring: WoodTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	41.56Spodumene	27.67EPK	23.08Zircopax	4.20Bentonite	3.50Comments:white cool, reddish-orange fired higher in kiln.Glaze name: Shino Virginia Wirt's Carbon TrapCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Soda feldspar	42.24Spodumene	36.14Kaolin	12.01Soda ash	9.61Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Warren MacKenzie's #1Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: ShinoRecipe:Nepheline syenite	60.61Kentucky OM #4	20.21Spodumene	15.16Soda ash	4.02Bentonite	2.33Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino Warren MacKenzie's #2Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: ShinoRecipe:Custer feldspar	42.42Spodumene	36.36EPK	12.12Soda ash	9.09Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shino WirtCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	18.00Spodumene	15.00Soda ash	4.00Nepheline syenite	47.00Tennessee ball clay	16.00Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Shno Malcolm'sCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: ShinoTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	40.90Soda ash	17.30Kentucky OM #4	13.80Kona F-4 feldspar	9.80EPK	18.20Comments:thick = creamy buffVariations --add 6 redart for oranger color thin.Glaze name: ShrimpCone: 9 - 10Color: orange tan, perhaps pinkish?Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Whiting	18.82Cornwall Stone	20.12Custer feldspar	41.04Kentucky OM #4	9.11Kaolin	7.91Zinc oxide	3.00Red iron oxide	6.11Rutile	4.00Comments:Pat--I used to use a glaze called shrimp which I took from CeramicsMonthly, Feb. '79, p. 48. I fired it to ^9-10 in gas reduction. Goodluck. submitted by: Dave Eitel e-mail: daveitel@execpc.com source fororiginal recipe: Ceramics MonthlyGlaze name: Slip #1818 KawaiCone: 6 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grog,150 mesh	80.00Kaolin	20.00Comments:Add color to taste. Kawai used a lot of thick slip trailing in his work and this wasgiven to me by one of his apprentices, Doug Lawrie. submitted by:June M. Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Slip #1818 KawaiCone: 6 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Slip or EngobeFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Grog,150 mesh	80.00Kaolin	20.00Comments:Add color to taste. I promised a while back to list this when I foundit! Kawai used a lot of thick slip trailing in his work and this wasgiven to me by one of his apprentices, Doug Lawrie. submitted by:June M. Perry e-mail: GURUSHAKTI@aol.comGlaze name: Slip #4 Fake Avery FlashingCone: 8 - 9 - 10Color: Opaque Red orangeTesting: UntestedSurface: UnglazedFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	20.00China clay	30.00Calcined kaolin	30.00EPK	20.00Comments:This variant was suggested by Jeremy Nudell Kalin on ClayArt, whotested it and said it worked quite well over a typical light coloredsaltglazing body in a kiln fired with soda ash and a little rock saltat the end.Glaze name: Slip Avery Salt - WildCone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: slipFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Avery kaolin	25.00Grolleg	50.00Calcined kaolin	25.00Comments:Does anyone know of a good substitute for Avery since it is notlonger available or is it? I get a very satisfying orange with thisat cone 10 in a salt fring. Now I've run out and need somesuggestions. kurt wild <kurt.l.wild@uwrf.edu>Glaze name: Slip Avery/Fake AveryCone: 9 - 10 - 11Color: tan to brownTesting: UntestedSurface: slip or engobeFiring: Salt - SodaRecipe:Grolleg Kaolin	57.00OM-4 Ball Clay	35.00Nepheline syenite	8.00Comments:I've tried a bunch, and not had much luck until recently. I've beenusing one for a few firings now that I like pretty well; it respondsin an interesting way to different atmospheres and clay bodies. Alittle more inFiring: Some salting is involved in all of the woodfirings I have used this slip in- generally about 1 1/2 - 3 poundsper chamber. These are not super long firings -in the 14-18 hourrange, so a lot of the surface effect comes from the salt rather thanfrom a lot of ash. I have also used it in salt/soda and it lookedgreat-more orange than brown. I haven't used it with a real heavyload of salt but if you try it I'd like yo know how it looks. Mixjust a little on the thin side and its works on bisque just as wellas on geenware I've been working up some variations using Helmerkaolin, but haven't hit one I like yet. If you get a response aboutthe Avery will you pass it along? Thanks- if you try this out let meknow what you think. submitted by: John Anthony e-mail: JTRAX@AOL.comGlaze name: Slip BisqueCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kaolin	12.50Ball clay	18.80Feldspar	25.00Frit 3110	12.50Silica	31.30Comments:Variations --Slip Additives:  Bentonite (2%) Improves Plasticity.  Borax (5%) Toughens slip in dry state for handling.  CMC- a cellulose gum additive which functions as a thickener, binder, and suspending agent.  Plastic Vitrox Clay- a plasticizing feldspar, low shrinkage.  Pyrax(Pyrophyllite)- reduces thermal expansion in clay bodies.Colorants:  Chrome Oxide 1-8% Pale to Dark Green(Chrome fumes onto other pots)Chrome Oxide .5-1% Peach or pink with alkaline glaze(peach/pink is difficult)Cobalt Carbonate 1-8% Pale tp dark blue.Cobalt Oxide 1/2-5% Same blues (Ox. spots more than Carb.)Copper Carbonate 2-8% Pink and reds.(fumes into glaze surface)Copper Oxide (black or red) 1-5% (Red Cu Ox. is hard to use)Iron Chromate 2-10% Opaque GraysRed Iron Oxide 5-50% Tan to saturated Iron Red Brown.Rutile 4-10% tan(excellent in salt firing, runny golds and blues)Manganese Dioxide 2-8% Brown or purple, depending on the glazesNickel 1-10% gray to green grayOpacifiers- 1-5% Tin Oxide, 3-10% Superpax, Opax, ZircopaxGlaze name: Slip BlackCone: 9-10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Alberta slip	90.00Nepheline syenite	5.00Cobalt oxide	5.00Comments:UF shop slip.Glaze name: Slip blackCone: 9-=10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Albany slip	95.00Nepheline syenite	5.00Cobalt oxide	2.00Comments:From Jeff OestreichGlaze name: Slip BringleCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kaolin	21.10Ball clay	21.10Nepheline syenite	26.30Silica	31.60Comments:Variations --Slip Additives:  Bentonite (2%) Improves Plasticity.  Borax (5%) Toughens slip in dry state for handling.  CMC- a cellulose gum additive which functions as a thickener, binder, and suspending agent.  Plastic Vitrox Clay- a plasticizing feldspar, low shrinkage.  Pyrax(Pyrophyllite)- reduces thermal expansion in clay bodies.Colorants:  Chrome Oxide 1-8% Pale to Dark Green(Chrome fumes onto other pots)Chrome Oxide .5-1% Peach or pink with alkaline glaze(peach/pink is difficult)Cobalt Carbonate 1-8% Pale tp dark blue.Cobalt Oxide 1/2-5% Same blues (Ox. spots more than Carb.)Copper Carbonate 2-8% Pink and reds.(fumes into glaze surface)Copper Oxide (black or red) 1-5% (Red Cu Ox. is hard to use)Iron Chromate 2-10% Opaque GraysRed Iron Oxide 5-50% Tan to saturated Iron Red Brown.Rutile 4-10% tan(excellent in salt firing, runny golds and blues)Manganese Dioxide 2-8% Brown or purple, depending on the glazesNickel 1-10% gray to green grayOpacifiers- 1-5% Tin Oxide, 3-10% Superpax, Opax, ZircopaxGlaze name: Slip Coleman PorcelainCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: LichenFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	32.00Custer feldspar	32.00Ball clay	8.00Silica	24.00Plastic vitrox	2.00Pyrax	2.00CMC	2.00Comments:From Susan Filley. CMC functions as a binder, thickener, and suspending agent.PV clay is a plasticizing feldspar for low shrinkage.Variations --+ 2% bentonite for better plasticity+ 5% borax for tougher dry state handlingColorants:Chrome oxide 1-8% = pale to dk. greenCobalt carbonate or oxide 0.5-8% pale to dk. blueCopper carbonate 2-8% = pinks to redsCopper oxide 1-5%Iron chromate 2-10% graysRIO 5-50% tan to saturated iron red-brownRutile 4-10% tan. Good in salt - golds and blues.Manganese diox. 2-8% brown or purple, depending on glazeNickel 1-10% gray to green grayStains - start with about 10%Glaze name: Slip FlashingCone: 8-10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: EngobeRecipe:Avery kaolin	75.00Nepheline syenite	25.00Comments:From Peter BeaseckerVariations --Add soda ash: handful per 10,000 gm batchGlaze name: Slip Flashing 2Cone: 8-10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionGlaze type: SlipRecipe:Grolleg	30.00#6 Tile clay	20.00EPK	10.00XX Sagger clay	10.00Custer feldspar	15.00Flint	10.00Nepheline syenite	5.00Comments:From Peter Beasecker.Glaze name: Slip Flashing Silverman'sCone: 9 - 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: slip or engobeFiring: Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	10.00Avery kaolin	80.00XX Sagger clay	10.00Comments:Avery Kaolin is no longer available. He also included a recipe for aflashing slip which works best in soda firing doug gray Alpine, TXdgray@sul-ross-1.sulross.eduGlaze name: Slip GreenwareCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kaolin	40.00Ball clay	10.00Potash feldspar	25.00Silica	25.00Comments:Variations --Slip Additives:  Bentonite (2%) Improves Plasticity.  Borax (5%) Toughens slip in dry state for handling.  CMC- a cellulose gum additive which functions as a thickener, binder, and suspending agent.  Plastic Vitrox Clay- a plasticizing feldspar, low shrinkage.  Pyrax(Pyrophyllite)- reduces thermal expansion in clay bodies.Colorants:  Chrome Oxide 1-8% Pale to Dark Green(Chrome fumes onto other pots)Chrome Oxide .5-1% Peach or pink with alkaline glaze(peach/pink is difficult)Cobalt Carbonate 1-8% Pale tp dark blue.Cobalt Oxide 1/2-5% Same blues (Ox. spots more than Carb.)Copper Carbonate 2-8% Pink and reds.(fumes into glaze surface)Copper Oxide (black or red) 1-5% (Red Cu Ox. is hard to use)Iron Chromate 2-10% Opaque GraysRed Iron Oxide 5-50% Tan to saturated Iron Red Brown.Rutile 4-10% tan(excellent in salt firing, runny golds and blues)Manganese Dioxide 2-8% Brown or purple, depending on the glazesNickel 1-10% gray to green grayOpacifiers- 1-5% Tin Oxide, 3-10% Superpax, Opax, ZircopaxGlaze name: Slip GrollegCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: SodaGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	42.50Calcined kaolin	42.50Nepheline syenite	15.00Comments:From Sam Chung.Glaze name: Slip Jeremy's Fake AveryCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Glaze type: slipRecipe:China clay	30.00Calcined kaolin	30.00EPK	20.00Nepheline syenite	20.00Comments:I recently made up a test batch of Jeremy Nudell Kalin's recipe for afake Avery woodfire flashing slip. I put it on some test bowls madefrom Miller 510, which is a packaged cone 10 white stoneware, themakeup of which I don't know. The slip was a little thin when I mixedit , so I used a little epsom salts to thicken to what I am used towith an Avery slip going on leather hard. Fired to ^10, it flashedgorgeously, but also cracked and jumped off the pots. Any suggestionsfor a better fit? Bentonite? I guess I should find out more about theclay body before submitting this, and I will do that. In themeantime, any suggestions would be most welcome.TIA submitted by:John Anthony source for original recipe: Jeremy Nudell Kalin e-mail:JTRAX@AOL.comGlaze name: Slip Johnston FlashingCone: 10Color: OrangeTesting: UntestedSurface: unglazedFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Slip glazeTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Grolleg	50.00Newman Red	10.00EPK	10.00Nepheline syenite	30.00Comments:Clay Times May/June 2002Glaze name: slip Louis' SaltCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: UnglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipRecipe:AP Green Fireclay	22.52OM-4 Ball Clay	22.52Cedar Heights Goldart Clay	22.52EPK	22.52Custer feldspar	5.41Silica	4.50Comments:Also add: Grog to taste New to sprayed soda, I'll reply with what Idid. My clay body is an APGreen based stoneware with no added ironand lightened up with some EPK, It has some pyrophillite grog fromCedar Heights, and some fine silica sand. Clay body used by MakenzieSmith at TAMUCC workshop 1995. The firing was done in oxidation. Someof my students had some darker clays in the kiln and reduction givesa form of boredom brown to them. As the kiln was cone 9 ish I startedto spray in the 1 gallon of water with 5 pounds of soda ash(approximate). A nice variety of residual soda effects resulted withorange peel on some rims and dry surfaces where pots were tightlystacked. When the hot spot in the kiln showed a little warping of thepots the kiln was turned off. The firing from dull red heat tookabout 16 hours. It could have been done quicker, but there werenumerous orifice adjustments and I like to go slow in a new kiln. Ido my best to have the kiln going slower than 1 cone per hour abovecone 8. I think it produces more lively glaze surfaces. submitted by:Louis Katz e-mail: lkatz@falcon.tamucc.eduGlaze name: Slip McKenzie's Yellow for SodaCone: 9-10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	31.60Ball clay	63.20Flint	5.30Zircopax Plus	5.30Titanium dioxide	7.00Comments:From McKenzie Smith, who says, "She's a honey in soda Not sure about porcelain buton stoneware it sure is nice."Glaze name: slip Mills BisqueCone: 8 - 10Color: white as baseTesting: Surface: slip or engobeFiring: Glaze type: SlipRecipe:Calcined kaolin	25.00Ball clay	25.00Potash feldspar	45.00Ferro frit 3124	5.00Comments:originally specified Calcium Borate Frit - almost any calcium boronfrit should work. High firing, possibly Stoneware Steve Mills @BathPotters Supplies, Dorset Close, Bath BA2 3RF, UK Tel:(44) (0)1225337046 Fax:(44) (0)1225 462712 stevemills@bathpotters.demon.co.ukGlaze name: Slip MustardCone: 10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: SodaGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kentucky OM #4	45.00Calcined kaolin	45.00Nepheline syenite	10.00Titanium dioxide	10.00Comments:apply to bisque. From Sam Chung.Glaze name: Slip Nancy's Black Wood/SodaCone: 9-10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: UnglazedFiring: WoodGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: NoneRecipe:Gerstley borate	60.00Mason 6600 black stain	40.00Comments:From Nancy Barbour. A bit too paten leather if used on large areas, soI add a bit of RIO to mellow it. Used at different stage for avariety of black and grey. Mimicks ink. Thick=black, thin= grey.Glaze name: slip Robin Hopper'sCone: 04 - 12Color: off whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Slip or EngobeFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Ball clay	75.00Kaolin	10.00Flint	10.00Feldspar	5.00Comments:comments: Robin Hopper cites this decorating slip: He says it isuseable from C04 to C12, and if unaltered fires to a "basic white."(On a buff stoneware fired C10R, it gives a grey-tone white).To thisslip, to get black, he would add 5% (+/-) of his black stain whichhas the following ingredients: 20% chromium oxide 20% cobalt (oxideor carbonate) 20% manganese (di)oxide 20% iron oxide red 8% feldspar(any) 8% kaolin (any) 4 flint He states this mixture is best afterbeing ball-milled for a minimum of four hours to eliminate specking.He says 5% is enough for a clear glaze, more may be needed for anopaque glaze (or slip as above). If this approach isn't suitable toyour friend, perhaps it will provide a simple guide towards a blackslip. Salut! Tom.Buck submitted by: Tom Buck source for originalrecipe: Robin Hopper e-mail: Tom.Buck@freenet.hamilton.on.caGlaze name: slip Silverman FlashingCone: 9 - 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: slip or engobeFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	10.00Avery kaolin	80.00XX Sagger clay	10.00Comments:Avery Kaolin is no longer available. He also included a recipe for aflashing slip which works best in soda firing doug gray Alpine, TXdgray@sul-ross-1.sulross.eduGlaze name: Slip Troy's Flashing researchCone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: Firing: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipRecipe:Grolleg	84.00Borax	6.00Zircopax	10.00Comments:Glaze name: Slip Troy's Flashing research no boraxCone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: Firing: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipRecipe:Kaolin - theoretical	72.70Magnesium carbonate	0.70Wollastonite	0.10Frit 3185	6.50Nepheline syenite	14.30Alumina hydrate	5.00Rutile	0.03Red iron oxide	0.70Zircopax	10.00Comments:Glaze name: Slip Troy's Flashing research no borax 2Cone: 10Color: orangeTesting: Surface: Firing: Salt - SodaGlaze type: SlipRecipe:Grolleg	84.00Borax	6.00Zircopax	10.00Comments:Glaze name: slip UF high-fire tizzyCone: 8-10Color: RedTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:EPK	51.00Kentucky OM #4	37.00Custer feldspar	8.00Whiting	3.00Flint	1.00Copper carbonate	8.00Comments:copper red in reduction, pale green in oxidation.Glaze name: slip UF shop baseCone: 8-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: MetallicFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:EPK	36.00Kentucky OM #4	27.00Custer feldspar	15.00Whiting	7.00Flint	15.00Comments:2000 grams fills 2 quart containers.Variations --white +7% opaxblue: + 3% cobalt carb + 0.5% chrome oxidegreen: +4% chromeGlaze name: slip UF shop blackCone: 8-10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: unglazedFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Redart	40.00Custer feldspar	20.00Ball clay	40.00Red iron oxide	5.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Manganese dioxide	5.00Chromium oxide	1.00Comments:Glaze name: Slip Wood's BlackCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: SlipTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Redart	50.00Ball clay	25.00Manganese dioxide	15.00black stain	12.00Black iron oxide	5.00Comments:From Ruthann Tudball's "Soda Glazing"Glaze name: Sloan's BlackCone: 10Color: charcoal blackTesting: UntestedSurface: satin mattFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	43.07Whiting	18.41Silica	11.01Kaolin	22.77Zinc oxide	4.74Tin oxide	1.90Rutile	2.85Cobalt oxide	0.95Red iron oxide	7.59Comments:Here is a cone 9-10 black glaze recipe that has no name but lookslike what you describe; irridescent, satin charcoal black inreduction; like a black pearl. I acquired this glaze 25 years ago &if I had a gas kiln this would still be my favorite glaze. submittedby: Anne Fallis-Elliott, NYC e-mail: FallisT@aol.comGlaze name: Sloan's Black revisitedCone: 10 - 11Color: blackTesting: Surface: satin to glossFiring: Recipe:Custer spar	45.85Flint	24.45Whiting	14.19Ball clay	8.73Borax	4.59Zinc oxide	2.18Cobalt oxide	5.02Red iron oxide	3.28Chrome oxide	1.09Comments:----------------------------Originalmessage---------------------------- You probably got the recipealready considering how long it takes me to research it, but here isthe one that we use at the school. Note that this recipe is set forlarger batches and all quantities are in grams. Good Luck Sorry Iforgot the particulars. And since I have neglected ( because I wasmovingwhile working full time) to keep up with the group, I am nowlooking at 802 messages, many of which I will not read and will haveto pick up the new threads as they come along. It is also why thisresponse is not more timely. Sloan's Black is a cone 10 glaze; as Iam sure that Vince or someone in this group has subsequently pointedout. At (10) the glaze is a thick rich black with a silvery surfacefinish. At (11) it is a very nice glossy black of the same thicksubstance. Dave Durnford Box 2145 Missoula, Montana 59806 Universityof Montana Art Department Durnford@selway.umt.eduGlaze name: Smith SpodumeneCone: 10Color: white with ornage spotsTesting: UntestedSurface: semimatteFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.00EPK	25.00Dolomite	22.00Spodumene	20.00Whiting	3.00Tin oxide	5.00Comments:We used to use a spodumene glaze back in college that when appliedthin, would produce the same results. As the glaze gets thicker, itturns a fat white with orange to brown spots, the thicker the glaze,the fewer spots. submitted by: Dianna Rose Downs e-mail:rdowns@why.netGlaze name: SO41 ShinoCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	33.98Spodumene	29.13EPK	9.71Soda ash	7.77Nepheline syenite	14.56Ball clay	4.85Comments:I've enclosed a list (partial) of Shino recipes I've gleaned fromClayArt and the kindness of friends plus a few recipes from books. Ineach I've tried to give reference to the source of the glaze. I'vetried to be as accurate as possible in copying these. Please excuseany errors. Albert Weinhardt, 99 Bowls of Tea on the Wall Potterysubmitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Sondahl C-4 MatteCone: 8Color: Testing: Surface: matteFiring: Recipe:Custer feldspar	21.14Dolomite	21.14Kaolin	21.14Whiting	12.20Pemco frit P-25	12.20Silica	12.20Bentonite	2.44Comments:Firing: firing type: oxidation or reduction I modified (CushingMatte) it to make one which works at cone 8, and looks good with ironslips in oxidation or reduction submitted by: Brad Sondahl e-mail:Sondahl@aol.comGlaze name: Southwest Craft Center ShinoCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Soda ash	3.05Nepheline syenite	57.31Spodumene	23.97Ball clay	15.67Bentonite	3.41Comments:submitted by: Albert Weinhardt e-mail: WeinhardtA@aol.comGlaze name: Splotchy Lavender GlazeCone: 10Color: lavenderTesting: UntestedSurface: Shiny or GlossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Barium carbonate	2.02Calcined Zinc Oxide	4.04Lithium carbonate	2.02Whiting	14.14Custer feldspar	50.51Ferro Frit 3134	7.07Silica, (325 mesh)	20.20Copper carbonate	0.61Tin oxide	1.01Bentonite	1.01Comments:GREAT BLUE/RED /DARK BLUE! My experience with copper red is that whatmatters most is to begin reduction at cone 012 fairly heavy and thengo into moderate reduction after cone 05 drops. Continue moderate tolight reduction until cone 10 then a brief oxidation peroid of about10 minutes. If you over reduce it will be liver brown and underreduced will be celadon. One solution to a problem (uneven, spottyreduction and under reduced)we had was to turn down the gas and air.To slow it down and reduce at the above schedule. We were firing inan Alpine updraft with blowers and just running the same schedule asthe people who fired before us. (It was a community center). Theywere firing at 4 pounds pressure (natural gas) with the blowers at70. Something like that. But we reduced the gas and the air and thefiring was 100% better. No more spotty reduction or unreduced pots.(I kind of miss those unwanted interesting results though.) submittedby: John Britt e-mail: claydude@erinet.comGlaze name: Spodumene 1 V.C.Cone: 9 - 10Color: Buff to brownTesting: UntestedSurface: Smooth MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer spar	30.00EPK	24.00Spodumene	20.00Dolomite	22.00Whiting	4.00Zircopax	6.00Comments:Similar to T.S. Spodumene. Thick= creamy buff; med.= tan ivory; thin= rust brown Breaks over texture. Glaze Type: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity:Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Spodumene 2 V.C.Cone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Matt StonyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer spar	28.00Spodumene	18.00Dolomite	20.00EPK	23.00Whiting	4.00Wollastonite	4.00Bone ash	3.00Tin oxide	5.00Comments:May substitute 6% Zircopax for Tin. Earthy colors - white to creamywhite to tan to orangish brown to red rust to brown. Glaze Type: CaMg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: Spodumene SmithCone: 10Color: white with ornage spotsTesting: UntestedSurface: semimatteFiring: reductionGlaze type: Lithium MattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.00EPK	25.00Dolomite	22.00Spodumene	20.00Whiting	3.00Tin oxide	5.00Comments:We used to use a spodumene glaze back in college that when appliedthin, would produce the same results. As the glaze gets thicker, itturns a fat white with orange to brown spots, the thicker the glaze,the fewer spots. submitted by: Dianna Rose Downs e-mail:rdowns@why.netGlaze name: Spodumene V.C. TSCone: 9 - 10Color: Tan to Rust BrownTesting: UntestedSurface: Stoney MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.00Spodumene	20.00EPK	26.00Dolomite	22.00Whiting	2.00Zircopax	6.00Comments:Creamy Tan where thick, rusty brown where thin. Glaze Type: Ca MgAlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VCedGlaze name: Staley Red to GreenCone: 10Color: red to greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer spar	50.00Whiting	15.00EPK	13.00Dolomite	2.00Flint	20.00Copper carbonate	8.00Red iron oxide	1.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Chris used this on porcelain, soda fired.Glaze name: Staley Red to Green base as matteCone: 10Color: red to greenTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Custer feldspar	45.00Whiting	1.00Dolomite	25.00Kaolin - theoretical	11.00Silica	18.00Copper carbonate	0.70Red iron oxide	0.07Bentonite	0.20Comments:Chris used this on porcelain, soda fired.Glaze name: Stoney Semimatt GlazeCone: 10Color: speckled whiteTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Recipe:Dolomite	18.00Whiting	3.00Custer feldspar	54.00EPK	25.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Here is a stoney matte that I used to use a long time ago. It was areally nice glaze back then and assume that it still is. the color isquite effected by the thickness of the glaze, the thicker the glaze,the whiter. Nice with variation of thickness. This is a fairly stiffglaze. submitted by: Dianna Rose Downs source for original recipe:Ceramics Monthly 1981 e-mail: rdowns@unicomp.netGlaze name: Strawberry Crush George'sCone: 9Color: red/ blue/ purple/ whiteTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Copper redTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	45.45Flint	25.25Whiting	14.14Zinc oxide	4.04Ferro frit 3134	7.07Barium carbonate	2.02Lithium carbonate	2.02Bentonite	2.02Tin oxide	1.01Copper carbonate	0.61Comments:These are glazes I got on Maui. I make no claims regarding theseglazes' reliability or safety. I don't know of their origin. Theseare in use at Hui No'Eau in Makawao, Maui. Sam Tomich<aphesis@interpac.net>Glaze name: Strontium matt ADJUSTEDCone: 10Color: FrostyTesting: testedSurface: MattFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: Semi-opaqueVisual texture: MottledCrystals: SmallBubbles: NoneFlow: SlightFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Nepheline syenite	51.08Spodumene	5.74Magnesium carb	0.09Strontium carbonate	26.58EPK	8.29Flint	8.22Comments:Glaze name: Strontium MatteCone: 9-10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: Semi-opaqueCrystals: SmallBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneRecipe:Nepheline syenite	58.00Strontium carbonate	26.00Lithium carbonate	1.00Kentucky OM #4	10.00Flint	5.00Comments:Glaze name: SworoffCone: 9-10Color: FrostyTesting: testedSurface: WaxyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneRecipe:Cornwall Stone	21.00Kona F-4	27.00Whiting	9.00Dolomite	10.00Talc	6.00EPK	19.00Flint	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Lee Rexrode @ Edinboro UGlaze name: Sworoff RevisedCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	23.70F-4 spar	30.80Whiting	10.70Dolomite	11.80Talc	7.10EPK	4.70Glomax	1.80Flint	9.50Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Sandy Lance @ Univ. of FL.Variations --Light to dark intensityblue: Cobalt .25%, .50%, .75%, 1%, 2%soft honey yellow: Mn 1%, 2%, 4%saddle tan: titanium diox .25%, .5 % , .75%, 1%Mottled Green: nickel 1%, 2%Red/or/yellow inclusion stains: 1% soft, 5% med, 10% strongGlaze name: Synthetic Esturine MudCone: 8 - 10Color: brownTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Feldspar FFF	12.92Dolomite	13.82Whiting	2.87Ball clay	31.77Red clay	23.39Flint	15.24Red iron oxide	3.17Titanium dioxide	0.35Manganese dioxide	0.21Comments:SEM/92 HARROW ALBANY SLIP (from Victor Bryant100672.2103@compuserve.com): What kind of Feldspar is FFF? Is itsimilar to something I might already have (Kona F4, Custer andCornwall Stone)? I would like to test this recipe without having todrive to Oakville for 1 ingredient. TIA for all your help. sam -alias the cat lady Home of Manx cats, Cavalier King Charles Spanielsand the odd horse Melbourne, Ontario, CANADA (SW Ontario)http://www.geocities.com/paris/3110Glaze name: Synthetic NukaCone: 9 - 10Color: whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Custer feldspar	35.60Whiting	21.80Talc	2.00Bone ash	2.00OM-4 Ball clay	5.90Silica	29.70Ferro Frit 3134	3.00Comments:Ferro Frit 3134 3 (He doesn't specify what frit to use so I usethis.) While we are on synthetic Mashiko/Hamada glazes, here is asynthetic Nuka (white rice hull ash glaze) from Phil Rogers' _AshGlazes_. It works nicely over temmoku, at the top of bottles,creating a waterfall effect where it dances over the black temmoku.Has no tin in it. It is a silica white, very white by itself. Thebone ash creates bubbles that opacify and add to the brightness ofthe white. I only use it either dipped or trailed over temmoku. Tooshiny white otherwise, unless used unevenly over a dark body.submitted by: Lee in PigsEye e-mail: leelove@MILL2.MILLCOMM.COMsource for original recipe: Phil Rogers ^9/10Glaze name: TAFFY V.C. AACone: 9-10Color: YellowTesting: TestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Titanium dioxide	6.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:Webs and streaks nicely. Medium tan thin to creamy gold beige thick.VC ed Corrected 6/91Glaze name: Tan Mag Semi-GlossCone: 8-10Color: Light tanTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: RichCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	56.80Dolomite	13.60Whiting	10.60Zinc oxide	3.00EPK	16.00Magnesium carbonate	1.00Rutile	4.00Comments: Very reliable*How long have you been using this glaze? 24 years*Where did this recipe come from? Claude Lalibert?, Qu?bec City*What do you like most about this glaze? Beautiful color and slightly textured surface 100% reliable. It has no surface defects*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Very well Medium application thickness.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Well*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft propane,60 cubic feet*How do you typically fire? Clay reduction at cone/08, then light reduction increasing with timeuntil the final total reduction, followed by a period of reoxidation*Any other comments? The glaze is named "Mag" for an extra amount of magnesium carbonatethat was added to the orginal recipe to obtain a good melt.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: VanillaGlaze name: Tan Mamo MattCone: 9 - 10Color: TanTesting: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	25.00Kona F-4 feldspar	25.00Calcined kaolin	15.00EPK	10.00Dolomite	20.00Whiting	5.00Rutile	3.00Granular ilmenite	2.00Comments:Base Glaze is matt white. Was also made with 50 Oxford spar in placeof Custer and Kona. All derive from Rhodes White Matt in his Clay andGlazes book. Glaze Type: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Teal blue-green tourquoiseCone: 10Color: Teal blue green tourquoiseTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	39.05Dolomite	12.92Colemanite	5.79Magnesium carbonate	2.36Zinc oxide	1.13Kaolin	9.42Flint	29.33Cobalt oxide	0.50Chrome oxide	0.50Bentonite	0.30Comments:This has been fired in reduction but I suspect it will work inoxidation. If anybody tries it in oxidation, please let me know theresults. I love this stuff as an accent. It has a long firing range,I suspect ^9 - ^11. It's very forgiving, very stiff and should go onjust fine as a light cream consistency dipped. Peace and longlife....and yes, it's raining but I saw two rainbows yesterday whilecleaning porch # 1 with mildicide Emily emily henderson<epfizh@mail.pacifier.com>Glaze name: Teal Matt Rick'sCone: 9 - 10Color: teal blueTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	51.02Dolomite	23.47EPK	21.43Whiting	4.08Cobalt carbonate	1.02Chrome oxide	1.02Bentonite	1.02Comments:(better on porcelain) I make no claims regarding these glazes'reliability or safety. I don't know of their origin. These are in useat Hui No'Eau in Makawao, Maui. sam tomich <aphesis@interpac.net>Glaze name: Temmoku Mark'sCone: 9 - 10Color: Deep brown-blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K TemmokuTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:K-200 feldspar	45.00Whiting	17.00Grolleg clay	11.00Flint	27.00Red iron oxide	10.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Thin=rust, orange-red; thick=black. In salt over white body orslip=smokey jade green. used in Classic Temmoku, excellent.Glaze name: Temmoku SecrestCone: 9 - 10Color: brownTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K TemmokuTransparency: TranslucentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	53.00EPK	6.00Flint	24.00Whiting	12.00Barium carbonate	2.50Zinc oxide	2.50Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Color is deeper and richer when applied thickly. Color is brighter andmore intense over white slip or clay.[NOTE-these notes look like the ones from the Secrest Celadon... andis it really translucent?]Glaze name: Temmoku-style glazeCone: 10Color: black opaqueTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Recipe:Feldspar	65.39Whiting	11.54China clay	7.69Silica	15.38Iron oxide	7.69Comments:this is a very nice cone ten, easy to make this glaze was foundwritten on the side of plastic pail i bought at an auction 31 yearsago. as with all mirror blacks the thickness of the glaze, thequality of the reduction, and the care in cooling the kiln will playa dramatic influence on the final product. breaking to rust is theresult of thin areas. and if you wish to use this as iron red justapply a thin coat. as most veteran potters will verify.....make 2,000pots, apply mirror black glaze, and fire the kiln 73 times...you willlearn to use it... mel jacobson, minnesotaGlaze name: Temoku OxidationCone: 10Color: black breaking to brown on edges/where thinTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: OxidationGlaze type: TemmokuTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: Slightly mottledCrystals: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.70EPK	11.10Silica	20.20Whiting	14.50Red iron oxide	7.50Macaloid	0.50Comments: Closest thing to redux temmoku I can find. Works well with PenlandPurple overlapped as a "chun". Must be fired to hard ^10 for colour to develop - at 9 it is boringbrown. Use 1/4 to 1/2% macaloid as as suspender*How long have you been using this glaze? Over 7 years*Where is it used? My studio*Where did this recipe come from? CM compilation of glazes.  Sorry, date unknown, but older than 10years.*What do you like most about this glaze? Consistency - apply thickly and it stays put.  Good for tableware.*Is this glaze reliable? ABSOLUTELY*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? Rub any pinholes on dry glaze to avoid pinholing in final product.Wear gloves as this glaze will stain your hands - and your clothing.*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Will fire to ^9 (gets glossy) but the colour is awful! Firing to ^10at 4 o'clock for best results.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Have used on 3 different clay bodies with identical results.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium thick*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium thick - if applied thinly, you can get some red flashes - butunless clay is extremely smooth (non-stoneware) the end product isnon-functional.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Overlapping with Penland opal gives a wonderful "chun" effect in ox.*What is your kiln type and size? PSH CRT 180 - 6.5 cubic ft.*How do you typically fire? I "candle" overnight. 20-24 hours depending on electricity demands.*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? Rapid settling!!  I use .25 - .5% macaloid as a suspender - or itbecomes a cement lump.  Also, takes a long time to dry.  Be patient!*What is your water pH? I use R/O water*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Sam Cuttell - alias the cat lady (scuttell@wwdc.com) Ice Cream Flavor: Mowie Cowie  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: TenmokuCone: 9Color: brown to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny, glossyFiring: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	56.00Silica	20.50Whiting	16.00Ball clay	7.50Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.16Comments:This is a fluid but not necessarily runny glaze. (Any iron saturateglaze will run if over fired or put on too thick.) I have found itbest to fire it in a mild reduction to neutral. And lately I've beenturning off the kiln at Cone 9 bending. Thickness (or rather properthickness) is always important for the desired black. Bentonite isimportant as this glaze will settle out immediately. Source: KansasCity Art Institute submitted by: Jim Connell e-mail:connellj@winthrop.eduGlaze name: Tenmoku Yuteki (Oilspot)Cone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Firing: oxidationRecipe:Potash feldspar	64.67Silica	24.88Whiting	5.47Talc	4.98Red iron oxide	7.96Cobalt oxide	1.99Comments:submitted by: Brian Kemp e-mail: KEMPB@AM.NIE.AC.SG(kempb@nievax.nie.ac.sg)Glaze name: Tesha BoubaricCone: 9 - 10Color: red brownTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	23.60Whiting	17.98Ball clay	29.21Flint	29.21Red iron oxide	13.48Comments:From my RISD undergrad days....(still don't understand thisname) Cone 9-10 R and Salt Jonathan Kaplan, presidentjonathan@csn.net Ceramic Design Group Ltd./Production Services PO Box775112 Steamboat Springs CO 80477 Plant Location (please use thisaddress for all UPS shipments) 30800 Moffat Ave Unit 13 SteamboatSprings CO 80487 (970) 879-9139*voice and faxhttp://www.craftweb.com/org/jkaplan/cdg.shtmlhttp://digitalfire.com/education/articles/kaplan1.htm------------------------------Glaze name: Tesha BoubaricCone: 9 - 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	23.60Whiting	17.98Ball clay	29.21Flint	29.21Red iron oxide	13.48Comments:Good Luck From my RISD undergrad days....(still don't understand thisname) Cone 9-10 R and Salt Jonathan Kaplan, presidentjonathan@csn.net Ceramic Design Group Ltd./Production Services PO Box775112 Steamboat Springs CO 80477 Plant Location (please use thisaddress for all UPS shipments) 30800 Moffat Ave Unit 13 SteamboatSprings CO 80487 (970) 879-9139*voice and faxhttp://www.craftweb.com/org/jkaplan/cdg.shtmlhttp://digitalfire.com/education/articles/kaplan1.htm------------------------------Glaze name: TESSHACone: 8Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Cornwall Stone	28.05Silica	50.92Whiting	14.02Kaolin	7.01Red iron oxide	14.94Comments:Frank Martin Art Deparment/Ceranics 92nd street YM-YWHA 1395Lexington Ave NY, NY. 10128 p0tters2@aol.comGlaze name: TESSHA KCAI BOUBARIC SATURATE IRONCone: 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Iron saturateTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	22.73Whiting	18.18Ball clay	29.55Quartz	29.55Red iron oxide	13.64Bentonite	2.27Comments:Frank Martin Art Deparment/Ceranics 92nd street YM-YWHA 1395Lexington Ave NY, NY. 10128 p0tters2@aol.comGlaze name: Tessha Michael SimonCone: 8 - 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	25.72Ball clay	27.88Whiting	18.52Flint	27.88Red iron oxide	11.32Comments:The following Tessha Glaze recipe is from the Feb '96 issue ofCeramics Monthly. (Can be applied to leather hard pots for oncefiring.) dennis davis <dhdavis@erols.com>Glaze name: Tessha RustCone: 10Color: iron red brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash spar	24.72Flint	28.09Kentucky OM #4	26.97Whiting	20.22Red iron oxide	12.36Comments:I have the recipe in my glaze notebook. No note to ascribe where Igot it however. no other notes....ie not one I have used a lot. (myfav. iron saturate is Ohata Kaki) Ric Swenson, Bennington College,Route 67 -A, Bennington, Vermont 05201-6001 802 442-5401 x 262 vox x237 fax or dedicated fax 802 442-6164 email: rswenson@bennington.eduGlaze name: Textured BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: deep purple to blueTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	21.03Nepheline syenite	21.03Kentucky OM #4	4.53Gerstley borate	11.82Dolomite	7.53Talc	14.44Silica	19.61Cobalt oxide	3.00Comments:Satin glaze. Deep purple where thick. Midnight blue where medium.soft purple with slip. Well I finally got around to typing this thingup...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. Ionly tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testingand reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: TH BlueCone: 9Color: blueTesting: UntestedSurface: ?Firing: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Potash feldspar	42.80Flint	26.60Whiting	22.10EPK	8.50Cobalt carbonate	1.00Titanium dioxide	3.00Black nickel oxide	1.00Comments:I know we have covered pinholing exhaustively, but I am still havinga problem with 2 glazes. Is there a way to adjust the recipes tohelp? I have 2 glazes that are pinholing each on their own, andtogether. It seems to happen mostly in the electric kiln, butoccassionally in the gas reduction firings. Have tried smoothing witha finger before firing, soaking at peak, and going slow midwaythrough the firing. Any other suggestions? Here are the cone 9glazes, they're on Amherst Z clay. Would Corinne Null Bedford, NHcnull@mv.mv.comGlaze name: Tomato RedCone: 9 - 10Color: Red rust ironTesting: TestedSurface: Glossy or shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg IronRedTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 spar	45.00Whiting	7.00Bone ash	11.00Flint	24.00Grolleg	7.00Magnesium carbonate	6.00Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Kansas City. Similar to Oharata Red. Glossy opaque plum topersimmon orange, rust, red. . Glaze Type: Ca Mg Iron Red. Firingtype: Reduction. From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Tomato RedCone: 8 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	50.00Silica	22.73Kaolin	9.09Dolomite	9.09Bone ash	9.09Red iron oxide	9.09Bentonite	1.82Comments:I have a Tomato Red that I use quite a lot. It has a very goodmaturing range. From cone 8-10. I trust that all the ingredients arethe same in the U.S.A. as in Oz. submitted by: Russell and LorraineKlopper e-mail: klopper@iinet.net.auGlaze name: Tomato RedCone: 10Color: Red rust ironTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Bone ash	11.60Magnesium carbonate	7.10Kona F-4 feldspar	48.30Georgia kaolin	7.10Silica	25.90Red iron oxide	7.10Bentonite	1.30Comments:Here's a Tomato Red recipe I have that was from Ceramics Monthlyabout 10 years submitted by: Shelley S. source for original recipe:Ceramics Monthly e-mail: shelleys@dimensional.comGlaze name: Tomato RedCone: 10Color: Red rust ironTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	48.21Silica	25.89EPK	7.14Magnesium carbonate	7.14Bone ash	11.61Red iron oxide	7.14Comments:I took a pottery course at McHenry County College, in Crystal Lake,IL a few years ago. We had a wonderful cone 10, reduction firedTomato Red glaze as above. This is a very nice rusty, orangey/goldenred. Good Luck. submitted by: Kurt Unterschuetz e-mail:schatzi@mc.net , http://www.mc.net/schatziGlaze name: Tomato RedCone: 8 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Potash feldspar	50.00Silica	22.73Kaolin	9.09Dolomite	9.09Bone ash	9.09Red iron oxide	9.09Bentonite	1.82Comments:I have a Tomato Red that I use quite a lot. It has a very goodmaturing range. From cone 8-10. I trust that all the ingredients arethe same in the U.S.A. as in Oz. submitted by: Russell and LorraineKlopper e-mail: klopper@iinet.net.auGlaze name: Tomato Red K.C.Cone: 10Color: UntestedTesting: UntestedSurface: shiny glossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:Bone ash	10.93Kona F-4 feldspar	45.38Flint	24.36Kaolin	6.72Magnesium carbonate	5.88Whiting	6.72Red iron oxide	6.72Comments:I believe that this is the Tomato Red used by my fellow students inKansas city in the late seventies. louis howard katz Possible HealthHazards: Flint: free silica-wear a NIOSH approved dust mask whenhandling dry material Louis Katz lkatz@falcon.tamucc.edu * *Texas A&MUniversity Corpus Christi * *6300 Ocean Drive, Art Department **Corpus Christi, Tx 78412 * *Phone (512) 994-5987Glaze name: Tomato Red- ColemanCone: 8 - 10Color: orange iron redTesting: Surface: glossy shinyFiring: Recipe:G-200 feldspar	48.70Silica	16.12EPK	6.65Talc	9.24Whiting	7.44Bone ash	11.84Red iron oxide	11.72Comments:Tom Coleman handed out some of his glaze formulas at a FUSIONconference in Ottawa a couple of years ago. Included was one forTOMATO IRON RED cone 8-10 in reduction. I have not tried it, but hehad examples of it there. A bright orange red, gloss. Ask him aboutit at NCECA. Liz Willoughby R.R. 1 Grafton. Ontario Canada. K0K 2G0lizwill@cyberion.caGlaze name: Tomatoe RedCone: 9 - 10Color: Red Orange OpaqueTesting: TestedSurface: Glossy or shinyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg IronRedRecipe:Kona F-4 Spar	45.00Whiting	7.00Bone ash	11.00Flint	24.00Grolleg	7.00Magnesium carbonate	6.00Red iron oxide	8.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:From Kansas City. Similar to Oharata Red. Glossy opaque plum topersimmon orange, rust, red. . Glaze Type: Ca Mg Iron Red. Firingtype: Reduction. From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Touch of MoonCone: 10Color: jade greenTesting: Surface: semi-matteFiring: Recipe:Nepheline syenite	50.00Whiting	30.00EPK	20.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Chrome oxide	1.00Comments:Dark semi-matt jade/marble green. Looks like stone. ( I neverunderstood this name) I use Dave's porcelain from Laguna. DeanMcRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on the north shore of KauaiGlaze name: TourquoiseCone: 10Color: tourquoiseTesting: Surface: stableFiring: Recipe:Custer spar	34.45Gerstley borate	4.03Dolomite	18.12Whiting	4.03EPK	23.27Silica	16.11Cobalt carbonate	1.01Chrome oxide	0.50Comments:Bulletproof. Great at all temps and thicknesses. Very stable I useDave's porcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on thenorth shore of KauaiGlaze name: Translucent Gray-WhiteCone: 8Color: Gray whiteTesting: Surface: semimattFiring: Recipe:Feldspar	40.00Whiting	18.00Cornwall Stone	18.00Tennessee #1 ball clay	20.00Magnesium carbonate	4.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Add C.M.C. 1 tsp I have had trouble with pinholing over underglazeand slip,too. I fire to ^8 ox. on Sheffield's T3 body. When I useAmaco underglaze or a slip made from the clay body, bisqued to ^06and then put Translucent Gray-White semi-matte over it, pinholingoccurs only over the underglaze or slip. I suspect the problem lieswith the gases escaping from the slip and underglaze but I don't knowhow to deal with this. I have a Paragon kiln with a computer controlhoobee but it doesn't have a soak option (if I had only known!).submitted by: Leona Stonebridge Arthen e-mail:leona@arthen.ultranet.comGlaze name: Transparent/ClearCone: 9-10Color: ClearTesting: TestedSurface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentCrystals: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Potash feldspar	778.40Whiting	603.00EPK	570.50Flint (silica)	940.80Bentonite	28.90Comments: This is an excellent transparent/clear glaze that is very hard anddurable. I have used it over colored slip, with sgraffito into theslip and with oxides and stains brushed over it and the decorationsdon't move. This glaze can be brought to the VERY edge of the footwithout moving. I use it inside of all my functional work and whendecorating with colored slips I use it over the whole surface of thepot. It is an excellent glaze that will always perform well especiallywhen you are in a hurry to get things fired. No surprises. Food-safe.*Variations: Can add 1/4 % Copper Carbonate for Light Green in Oxidation ^9-10firing.*How long have you been using this glaze? Almost 20 years*Where is it used? In my studio*Where did this recipe come from? I got this recipe from Kieth Campbell from Ontario, Canada butbelieve that it is an Alfred Univ. glaze originally*What do you like most about this glaze? There are no surprises and I can count on it every time. Its foodsafe.*Is this glaze reliable? Very*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? Crazes if applied TOO THICK.*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Electric/Oxidation or Gas fired/Reduction or neutral fire are allequally as good.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? On porcelain and white stoneware it is clear white. On buff and orred bodies it goes somewhat grey because of the iron in the clays.Very pleasent on all clays. I have tested and used on all the aboveclays.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? The consistancy of my glazes is like homo milk. The normalconsistancy. I dip to the count of 5 - 10.*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Normal. I spray this glaze as well to 1/16th of an inch or better.*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? I like it the way it is for my work.  Test your glazes and see whathappens. I have sprayed other glazes on rims etc. and all worked fine.*What is your kiln type and size? 30 cu.ft. downdraft gas kiln.*How do you typically fire? Heating...pilots (4) on over night or at least a 9 hour period.Burners (4) on low over night or till cone 07 is down. Turn up theburners to 1/2 way mid. reduce kiln for 30 to 45 mins. depending onthe weather.  Cut the reduction (open dampers to almost open and alight reduction till cone 10 falls. Clear kiln, shut off and seal. Slow 36 hour cool before cracking the door and work comes out inabout 48 hours.*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? NO....this glaze can be stirred easily even after 8 weeks of non useand stays stirred for long periods of time while glazing. I make alarge green garbage pail of my well used glazes and they last me fora yr. or more.  No smells etc.*What is your water pH? City water.*Any other comments? Try this glaze...it will be a main stay in your studio. ;>}}}*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Peggy Heer / Heer Pottery (p4337@connect.ab.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Chocolate  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: TurquoiseCone: 10Color: TurquoiseTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer spar	34.50Gerstley borate	4.00Dolomite	18.10Whiting	4.00EPK	23.30Silica	16.10Cobalt carbonate	1.00Chrome oxide	0.50Comments:Bulletproof. Great at all temps and thicknesses. Very stable I useDave's porcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on thenorth shore of KauaiGlaze name: V&O Lt BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Whiting	19.03Flint	31.94EPK	19.42G-200 feldspar	26.70Barnard slip	2.91Comments:from Alfred/ Jim Chalkley Couldn't detect any light. blue but Iremember it used to be beautiful on carved porcelain. (Jim, are youout there?) Well I finally got around to typing this thing up...^9-10Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. I onlytested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testing andreporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on #900Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of the testtile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle's wet/drywhite slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on a heavilytextured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. tracywilson <saltbox@ime.net> Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd.Woolwich, ME 04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email:saltbox@ime.net web: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: V.C. AA COBALT BLUECone: 9-10Color: Blue Semi-OpaqueTesting: TestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CaRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Comments:Webs and streaks nicely.VC edGlaze name: V.C. AA COPPER BLUE-GREENCone: 9-10Color: Semi-Opaque Blue-GreenTesting: TestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: CaRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Copper carbonate	4.00Tin oxide	4.00Comments:Good copper blue without barium. Webs and streaks nicely. VC edGlaze name: V.C. AA TAFFYCone: 9-10Color: Yellow Semi-OpaqueTesting: TestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionRecipe:Cornwall Stone	46.00Whiting	34.00EPK	20.00Titanium dioxide	6.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:Webs and streaks nicely. Medium tan thin to creamy gold beige thick.VC ed Corrected 6/91Glaze name: V.C. Black BCone: 10Color: BlackTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin-MattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Mg Ca SlipGlazeRecipe:Albany Slip	65.00Nepheline syenite	15.00Barium carbonate	10.00Talc	10.00Chrome Oxide	1.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt oxide	1.00Iron Oxide	4.00Comments:A rich black satin mat with speckles. Glaze Type: Mg Ca SlipGlaze.Opacity: Opaque . Firing type: Ox or Red From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. BLACK SATIN MATTCone: 10Color: blackTesting: TestedSurface: matteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: MgRecipe:Kona F-4  Spar	20.00Custer feldspar	20.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	13.00Whiting	2.00Ball clay	10.00Flint	20.00Chrome Oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	3.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt oxide	3.00Comments:Use granular Mn 80 mesh if you want silvery looking specks.Formulated as an Albany-free replacement for Black Satin Doll. TestedEAC Summer '91 VC edGlaze name: V.C. BMICone: 9 - 10Color: Black OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: Dry MattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ca Mg SlipGlazeRecipe:Albany Slip	40.00Nepheline Sye	20.00Wollastonite	10.00Talc	10.00Dolomite	10.00Barium carbonate	10.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Copper carbonate	2.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:Good for sculpture, a black surface. Glaze Type: Ca Mg SlipGlaze .Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Ox or Red From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Good Color Satin MattCone: 9 - 10Color: VariousTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Li MgTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Nepheline syenite	27.00Lithium carbonate	18.00Gerstley borate	5.00Wollastonite	8.00Talc	14.00EPK	8.00Flint	20.00Comments:Try other colors. Good in both oxidation and reduction.Variations --Use combination of Iron Oxide 2 and Rutile 4Use only Copper Carbonate 3Use only Chrome Oxide 0.5Glaze name: V.C. Ingerson MattCone: 9 - 10Color: VariousTesting: UntestedSurface: Smooth Dry MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca MgRecipe:Kona F-4 Feldspar	50.00Flint	14.00EPK	10.00Whiting	16.00Talc	10.00Comments:Rutile (8%) gives orange straw color with white specks. Mason's Black(0.25%) gives a medium dark grey blue with white specks. Glaze Type:Ca Mg. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-ACone: 9 - 10Color: Plum to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca B IronSaturateRecipe:Custer spar	35.00Gerstley borate	20.00Whiting	15.00EPK	10.00Flint	20.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Dark plum thin, to black thick Glaze Type: Ca B IronSaturate.Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-BCone: 9 - 10Color: Plum to brownTesting: UntestedSurface: Glossy SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Zn Ca IronSaturateRecipe:Nepheline syenite	24.00Kona F-4 Spar	24.00Zinc oxide	20.00Whiting	10.00Flint	20.00EPK	2.00Red iron oxide	10.00Bentonite	1.00Comments:Good celadon with 1% Red Iron Oxide. Green. Glaze Type: Zn CaIronSaturate. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From ValCushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-CCone: 9 - 10Color: PlumTesting: UntestedSurface: Glossy SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K IronSaturateRecipe:Custer spar	40.00Cornwall Stone	20.00Whiting	10.00Flint	20.00Gerstley borate	5.00EPK	5.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Good celadon with 1% Red Iron Oxide. Green. Glaze Type: Ca KIronSaturate. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From ValCushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-DCone: 9 - 10Color: Plum to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K IronSaturateRecipe:K-200 Spar	50.00Whiting	12.00Zinc oxide	2.00EPK	10.00Flint	26.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Bluish celadon with 1% Red Iron Oxide. Glaze Type: Ca K IronSaturate.Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-ECone: 9 - 10Color: Rust to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca IronSaturate 4-3-2-1Recipe:K-200 Spar	40.00Flint	30.00Whiting	20.00EPK	10.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Rust to plum to black. 4,3,2,1, again. Leach Celadon with 1% IronOxide. Glaze Type: Ca IronSaturate 4-3-2-1. Opacity: Opaque. Firingtype: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-FCone: 9 - 10Color: Brown to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K B IronSaturateRecipe:Custer feldspar	50.00Gerstley borate	15.00Whiting	10.00Flint	20.00EPK	5.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Brown to plum to black. Highly textured, mottled color because of theBoron. Glaze Type: Ca K B IronSaturate. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-GCone: 9 - 10Color: TemmokuTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca K IronSaturate FeldspaRecipe:K-200 Feldspar	80.00Whiting	10.00EPK	10.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Can be orangish rust where thin, also rutile blue with 4% rutile and1% iron. Glaze Type: Ca K IronSaturate Feldspa. Opacity: Opaque.Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-HCone: 9 - 10Color: Plum to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: GlossyFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca IronSaturateRecipe:Custer feldspar	30.00Kona F-4 Feldspar	30.00Wollastonite	5.00Gerstley borate	5.00Whiting	10.00EPK	5.00Flint	15.00Red iron oxide	10.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Can be orangish rust where thin, also rutile blue with 4% rutile and1% iron. Glaze Type: Ca IronSaturate. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing.VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-ICone: 9 - 10Color: Plum to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: Glossy SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca IronSaturateRecipe:Cornwall Stone	42.00Whiting	16.00Gerstley borate	2.00Zinc oxide	2.00Flint	26.00EPK	12.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Glaze Type: Ca IronSaturate. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: ReductionFrom Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. IR-JCone: 9Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: shinyFiring: ReductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	40.00Whiting	20.00EPK	10.00Flint	30.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Thin = plum to thick = black. Iron saturate glaze. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Karen StarshineCone: 9 - 10Color: OpaqueTesting: TestedSurface: Glossy or shinyFiring: Ox. or Red.Recipe:K-200  Feldspar	51.00Soda ash	4.00Gerstley borate	6.00Whiting	13.00Barium carbonate	4.00Lithium carbonate	1.00Flint	21.00Macaloid	2.00Titanium dioxide	2.00Comments:TESTED SAFE from Ba release. Au Sp. '92 ****Glossy w/ depth. 1% CuCO3= seafoam; 5% CuCO3 = aqua w/ rust where thin. 8% Fe2O3 = brandythin, sea green thick. Definitely RUNNY. 'What makes this glaze soactive is soda ash, GB, Li; the only non-flux is flint. And lowAlumina - there's nothing stabilizing the glaze. Almost a C/04 glaze- ref. to limit formulas'- VC. Preferred Ba to Sr version w/ allcolorants. Good in SODA. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Kyllikki Matt RevisedCone: 10?Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: matteFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ca Ba AlMattRecipe:K-200 Spar	50.00Barium carbonate	30.00Kaolin	10.00Whiting	10.00Comments:1% cobalt=strong blue. 2% iron = yellowish green; 0.5% chrome oxide=yellow green; 3% copper = speckled; 2% iron+4% rutile=orangishbrown. Glaze Type: Ca Ba AlMatt. Opacity: . Firing type: Ox or RedFrom Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. L.P. MattCone: 9Color: Grey-blue to blackTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Na Ba Mg AlMattRecipe:Kona F-4 Spar	30.00Dolomite	20.00Calcined kaolin	10.00Barium carbonate	15.00Flint	10.00EPK	15.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Granular Manganese	0.50Comments:Thin = dk. brown, almost black; med. = greenish/bluish; thick =orchid, lavendar Glaze Type: Na Ba Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firingtype: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Matt RCone: 9Color: Tan to RustTesting: UntestedSurface: Stoney MattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer feldspar	28.26Dolomite	28.26EPK	26.09Whiting	8.70Flint	8.70Tin oxide	8.70Comments:Glaze Type: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Ox or RedFrom Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Polished MarbleCone: 9 - 10Color: Off-whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin MattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ca Ba AlMattRecipe:Grolleg	30.00Whiting	30.00Barium carbonate	30.00Flint	10.00Rutile	4.00Comments:With 4% Rutile gives dusty rose, thick is dark purple lavender. Websand streaks like wood ash glaze. Glaze Type: Ca Ba AlMatt. Opacity:Transparent. Firing type: Ox or Red From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Red Yellow Matt PaleCone: 9Color: Rust to oliveTesting: UntestedSurface: MatteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Ba AlMattRecipe:Custer spar	49.02Whiting	19.61Barium carbonate	15.69EPK	13.73Bone ash	1.96Yellow Ochre	4.90Rutile	2.94Comments:Color is rust brown to yellow tan to olive moss green. This is VC RedYellow Matt revised. High calicum and high to medium barium makes theusual barium colors more pale and less intense. Glaze Type: Ca BaAlMatt. Opacity: Opaque . Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VCedGlaze name: V.C. Red Yellow Matt RevisedCone: 9 - 10Color: Rust to YellowTesting: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Ba AlMattTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	50.00Barium carbonate	15.00Whiting	20.00EPK	15.00Yellow ochre	5.00Rutile	2.00Comments:Soft rust brown breaks to soft straw yellow. Green where thick. Goodover texture.Glaze name: V.C. Rich Matt BlueCone: 9 ONLYColor: Blue to black Semi-OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer spar	36.00Gerstley borate	4.00Dolomite	18.00Whiting	4.00EPK	22.00Flint	16.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Chrome Oxide	0.25Manganese dioxide	0.50Comments:Thin=dk. greyblue; med=deep rich blue; thick=brighter blue,not asgood. At Cone 9.5 goes glossy and raw-ugly blue. See RMB Rev. forc/10. Glaze Type: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Reduction From Val Cushing. VC ed.Glaze name: V.C. Rich Matt Blue Rev. KGCone: 10Color: Blue Semi-OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: Matte SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattRecipe:Custer feldspar	39.00Gerstley borate	2.00Dolomite	21.00Whiting	2.00EPK	25.00Flint	11.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Chrome Oxide	0.25Manganese dioxide	0.50Comments:Original glaze is temperature finicky & goes glossy at C/10. Rev.stays matt. Thin=grey blue; med=deep rich blue; thick=brighter blue.Glaze Type CaMgAl Matt. Opacity:opaque. Firing type: redtn. From ValCushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Satin Doll BlackCone: 10Color: blackTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Mg Ca SlipGlazeTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Albany Slip	65.00Nepheline syenite	15.00Barium carbonate	10.00Talc	10.00Chrome oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	2.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Comments:Similar to V.C. Black A & B. Needs Cone 9.5 to 10 for best satinsmooth results.To replace Albany, see VCSDB Rev.Glaze name: V.C. Satin Doll Black RevisedCone: 9 - 10Color: blackTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Mg Ca SlipGlazeTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Redart	40.00Nepheline syenite	15.00Barium carbonate	10.00Talc	15.00Whiting	10.00Flint	10.00Chrome oxide	1.00Red iron oxide	2.00Manganese dioxide	2.00Cobalt carbonate	2.00Comments:Revised to replace Albany Slip. Needs Cone 9.5 to 10 for best satinsmooth results.Glaze name: V.C. Saturated IronCone: 9 - 10Color: Black to Plum RedTesting: Surface: Glossy SatinFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca IronSaturateTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	20.00Kona F-4	14.00Whiting	17.00Barium carbonate	3.00EPK	15.00Flint	31.00Red iron oxide	10.00Comments:Black breaks to red plum. High alumina keeps this from being Temmoku.It is more subtle and satin.Glaze name: V.C. TB 2Cone: 9 - 10Color: clearTesting: UntestedSurface: Bright GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Ca B MidRoadTransparency: TransparentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:K-200 Feldspar	46.00Gerstley borate	12.00Dolomite	8.00Zinc oxide	2.00Whiting	2.00EPK	2.00Flint	28.00Comments:Good for a run of mottled and textured colors.Variations --For glossy opaque white add 12% Zircopax.Glaze name: V.C. TB 3Cone: 9 - 10Color: clearTesting: UntestedSurface: Bright GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Ca 4-3-2-1Transparency: TransparentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:K-200 Feldspar	40.00Whiting	18.00Flint	28.00EPK	10.00Zinc oxide	2.00Wollastonite	2.00Comments:Variations --12% Zircopax will make a strong glossy opaque white2% iron = celadon.Glaze name: V.C. TMCCone: 9 - 10Color: Black ClearTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin MattFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ba MidRoad SlipGlazeRecipe:Albany Slip	30.00Cornwall Stone	30.00Barium carbonate	30.00EPK	10.00Red iron oxide	4.00Comments:Almost transparent matt w/ no colorants.This VC glaze given to SarahCoote became Coote Celadon. She revised using Kona F-4 for Albany,etc. Glaze Type: Ba MidRoad SlipGlaze. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type:Ox or Red From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: V.C. Transparent Base 3Cone: 9 - 10Color: clearTesting: UntestedSurface: Bright GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Ca 4-3-2-1Transparency: TransparentSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:K-200 feldspar	40.00Whiting	18.00Flint	28.00EPK	10.00Zinc oxide	2.00Wollastonite	2.00Comments:Variations --12% Zircopax will make a strong glossy opaque white2% iron = celadon.Glaze name: VC Rich Matt BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: blue brownTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	39.00Gerstley borate	2.00Dolomite	21.00Whiting	2.00EPK	25.00Flint	11.00Cobalt carbonate	1.00Chrome oxide	0.25Manganese dioxide	0.50Comments:from Clayart Database Dark brown on stoneware. Slate blue over whiteslip. Satin Matt Well I finally got around to typing this thingup...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all the donated recipes. Ionly tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'll continue testingand reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazes were tested on#900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. One side of thetest tile was brushed with a thick coating of Cynthia Bringle'swet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in three thicknesses on aheavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a (hard)^9 (10tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08 and 1 hr. glazereduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown. Any time potashor Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ball clay is OM-4 .Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Barium with Strontium.All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travel well. Your resultswill probably be TOTALLY different. Please test before use. TracyWilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME 04579 phone:207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.net web:http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: Vert antiqueCone: 8-10Color: Vert antique. Medium greenTesting: TestedSurface: Semi-glossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: StonewareTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: Speckled lightly because of the presence of RutileCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: NoneDurability: GoodRecipe:Custer spar	56.80Dolomite	13.60Whiting	10.60Zinc oxide	3.00EPK	16.00Rutile	2.00Copper carbonate	2.00Cobalt carbonate	3.00Comments:Very interesting "antique" green with speckles darker on darkburning clays and lighter on light burning clays (V?rit? de Monsieurde la Palice). Hum!*How long have you been using this glaze? 3years*Where is it used? Studio*Where did this recipe come from? From our own experimentation using the base recipe of our glazenamed Mag as a starting point.*What do you like most about this glaze? The  color is very appealing and conservative-like. The surface issemi-gloss with a few speckles and nice to the touch; a very smoothsurface.*Is this glaze reliable? Yes*Does this glaze tend to craze/crawl/pinhole/etc.? No surface flaws.*How do different firing temperatures/atmospheres affect the glaze? Not tested.*How does the glaze behave on different clay bodies? Well.*What consistency should the glaze be for pouring/dipping? Medium*How thickly should the glaze be applied to the pot? Medium*How does this glaze interact with other glazes? Not tested*What is your kiln type and size? Downdraft, propane and atmospheric,60 cubic feet.*How do you typically fire? Oxidation until clay reduction at cone 08, then a light reductionincreasing with time until the final and total reduction of 20minutes followed by a 20 minute period of reoxidation*Do you experience problems with the raw glaze? No*What is your water pH? 7.2*Any other comments? I really like that glaze.*GlazeBase recipe* Submitted by: Edouard Bastarache (edouardb@sorel-tracy.qc.ca) Ice Cream Flavor: Maple polkadot vanilla  ------------------------------------------------------------------------Glaze name: Vickie's BarnardCone: 6 - 9Color: chocolate brownTesting: UntestedSurface: glassyFiring: OxidationRecipe:Barnard clay	72.22Custer feldspar	16.67Whiting	11.11Comments:kiln type: electric Cone 9 and 6, clay: Plainsman M460 and H430,electric fire, applied to bisque. ALberta slip: At cone 9 Alberta byitself it makes a rich chocolate brown. It's too refractory to workat cone 6 by itself, I was told, so I didn't test it.I added 30%Gerstley borate which was the wrong thing to do, as Alberta is veryglassy to begin with, but I had intended to test at cone 6 as well soI tested for both 6 and 9. I didn't really like the result at cone 6with the gerstley, as it was a frosty transparent olive green (atcone 9 it was a RUNNY transparent olive green. Adding Manganese orcobalt to the Alberta slip would probably give a really nice black.What I left out in making this one was Gerstley 10 (Rob usesColemanite), but what I ended up with was a stony black with verytiny brown specks. Tends to crawl if too thick. Rob's recipe wasgreat too, and that one SHOULD be thick, he says. His recipe alsoworks on greenware, he said, but I haven't tried it yet. submittedby: Vickie Sproule e-mail: jsproule@mars.ark.comGlaze name: Volcanic Ash glazeCone: 8-10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationRecipe:Fireclay	31.30Custer spar	25.90Dolomite	19.00Volcanic ash	10.30Gerstley borate	5.50Flint	4.90Bone ash	3.10Opax	3.40Bentonite	1.00Comments:Glaze name: Volcanic Ash glaze recalcCone: 8-10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationRecipe:EPK	27.20Custer feldspar	24.40Dolomite	19.70Whiting	1.40Flint	14.30Frit 3134	12.30Rutile	0.70Opax	3.50Bentonite	1.00Comments:Glaze name: Wash Blue Overglaze CardewCone: 6-10Color: BlueTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Wash for on glazeTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Talc	10.00Redart	15.00Kaolin	20.00Cobalt carbonate	20.00Tin oxide	20.00Manganese dioxide	10.00Red iron oxide	5.00Comments:From ClayArt from Michael Cardew's "Pioneer Pottery". This is not a glaze. It is apigment for painting over a glaze. It would be dry and unmelted if used as aglaze. I use it at cone 10, but I imagine it would be good to use at cone 6, andprobably even a few cones lower. The glaze it is painted over, of course,determines how it turns out to a great degree. David Hendley david@farmpots.comhttp://www.farmpots.comGlaze name: Wash: Rutile/Iron MixCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Firing: ReductionRecipe:Iron oxide	50.00Rutile	25.00Gerstley borate	25.00Comments:Glaze name: Waxy Matt BlueCone: 9 - 10Color: brown to broken blueTesting: Surface: satin matteFiring: reductionRecipe:G-200 feldspar	39.00Dolomite	7.00Gerstley borate	12.00Talc	15.00EPK	4.00Flint	23.00Rutile	4.00Cobalt carbonate	0.50Comments:from Bonnie Terry. Satin glaze. solid brown where thin to medium.Mottled breaking blues browns and gold. Well I finally got around totyping this thing up...^9-10 Blues Thank you one and all for all thedonated recipes. I only tested 31 out of almost 100 I received. I'llcontinue testing and reporting as the winter DRAGS on. All the glazeswere tested on #900 Miller clay which is a toasty ^10 stoneware. Oneside of the test tile was brushed with a thick coating of CynthiaBringle's wet/dry white slip. Each glaze was dipped in threethicknesses on a heavily textured tile. All tiles were fired to a(hard)^9 (10 tipping)reduction firing. 1 hr. Body reduction at ^08and 1 hr. glaze reduction at ^9 then a quick reox. before shutdown.Any time potash or Custer spar is called for, I used G-200. All ballclay is OM-4 . Many glazes I substituted 75% of the amount of Bariumwith Strontium. All kaolin is EPK. Remember... glazes don't travelwell. Your results will probably be TOTALLY different. Please testbefore use. Tracy Wilson Saltbox Pottery 4 Shaw Rd. Woolwich, ME04579 phone: 207-443-5586 fax: 207-442-8922 email: saltbox@ime.netweb: http://www.ime.net/~dwilson/Glaze name: White / Lavender WaxyCone: 10Color: white baseTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: Glaze type: Magnesium mattRecipe:Custer feldspar	38.32Gerstley borate	15.89Dolomite	6.54Talc	15.89Ball clay	4.67Flint	18.69Bentonite	1.40Zircopax	4.67Comments:(May use G-200 instead of Custer.)--- for lavender add 1 cobalt oxide --- to breakup surface a bit add2 Lithium carbonate -- Bulletproof. Smooth semimatt. White is goodover colored slips. Lavender is great, ranges from pinkish to almostblue, popular. All temps and thicknesses. Good in reduction. I useDave's porcelain from Laguna. Dean McRaine <beezer@aloha.net> on thenorth shore of KauaiGlaze name: White 3-DCone: 9 - 10Color: whiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red. or sodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Dolomite	24.00Nepheline syenite	71.00Ball clay	5.00Bentonite	3.00Tin oxide	9.50Comments:Firing: reduction or oxidation Here is the recipe for 3-D White. Itis quite a versatile glaze, working well in reduction as well asoxidation, changes like a chameleon over different bodies, and workswell with colorants. submitted by: Bill Buckner e-mail:couwbb@gsusgi2.gsu.eduMatt Long says pink to grey in soda.Glaze name: White AVCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Flint	54.60Whiting	18.20EPK	14.60Custer feldspar	6.30Spodumene	4.20Magnesium carbonate	1.90Zircopax	12.00Comments:Glaze name: White Bruno'sCone: 9 - 10Color: whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Firing: reductionRecipe:Custer feldspar	32.10Silica	21.40EPK	10.70Gerstley borate	17.90Whiting	8.90Dolomite	8.90Zircopax	8.90Comments:Glaze name: White Chancey's AV revisedCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Silica	49.70Whiting	15.90Magnesium carbonate	2.00EPK	9.10Custer feldspar	19.10Spodumene	4.30Comments:Kevin Chancey's white. Original was high in Ca low in KNaO. Revised for better melt.Glaze name: White CharlieCone: 9 - 10Color: White w/ orange specklingTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueVisual texture: SpeckledRecipe:Dolomite	27.00Spodumene	20.00Potash feldspar	27.00EPK	16.00Flint	10.00Tin oxide	5.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Theseare in use at Hui No'Eau in Makawao, Maui. Sam Tomich<aphesis@interpac.net>Glaze name: White Charlie DCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueFlow: SlightFlaws: CrazesRecipe:Nepheline syenite	20.00F-4 spar	20.00Dolomite	15.00Talc	15.00Ball clay	10.00Silica	20.00Zircopax Plus	9.00Comments:Clay Times p. 19 Mar/Apr 2005. Lush, velvety. Good liner in soda/salt.Glaze name: White CornwallCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	73.00Whiting	9.50Talc	5.50EPK	10.50Bone ash	1.50Comments:From Clay Times Nov/Dec. 05 p. 56.Glaze name: White CornwallCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	73.00Whiting	9.50Talc	5.50EPK	10.50Bone ash	1.50Comments:From Clay Times Nov/Dec. 05 p. 56.Glaze name: White EustisCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueSource: Central Clay--www.cclay.comRecipe:g22	35.00EPK	25.00Dolomite	20.00Whiting	5.00Flint	15.00Comments:Glaze name: White FatCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: TestedSurface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red. or sodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueCrystals: NoneBubbles: NoneFlow: SlightDurability: MediumRecipe:G-200 feldspar	36.00Ball clay	27.00Whiting	26.00Flint	5.00Zircopax	6.00Comments:Satin matte in reduction, glossy in soda. From Matt Long.Variations --lime green  + .5% chrome oxideGlaze name: White Hanlin's GlossCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	31.73Barium carbonate	15.38Whiting	12.50Kaolin	11.54Flint	24.04Zinc oxide	4.81Ultrox	7.69Comments:I've tried other opacifiers, all seem to be the same chemically butI've always liked what Ultrox did on this glaze. (There's thatingredient again, I haven't tried the .75 Strontium Carb actor butdon't think it would make much difference, if you try it I'd like toknow the results) The following glaze meets all your specs except theone about crazing. It's a good glaze that I formulated in my CeramicsI class at University of Central Oklahoma way back there. It is verydependable, doesn't run, you can use a brush over it or under it(with a bit of understandable muting), colors stay in place, it'sglossy, I use it in reduction but in oxidation it loses a bit ofcharacter due to the really white look, You can use it as a base forwax resist with glazes or oxides over. It's the only glaze I've usedcontinually for the past 30 years and on many different bodies. Ilike it and like what it does. If you try it I hope that you like ittoo! Enjoy>>>>>>>>>>> PS...Take Rhodes 32, color it with 1% cobaltoxide and 4% red iron, apply it over this glaze and get a really neatsemi-mat blue. The white sort of bubbles through the blue and it'spretty. I guess by now you maybe think I like it....OK I DO these areBob Hanlin bhanlin@ionet.net Oklahoma City, OKGlaze name: White Ian Anderson's DynamiteCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueFlow: SlightRecipe:Frit 3134	7.50Spodumene	22.00F-4 spar	11.00Wollastonite	8.50Talc	21.00EPK	9.00Silica	21.00Comments:Clay Times p.19 Mar/Apr 2005. Pete Pinnell's column. At cone 9 glaze is satinmatt, begins to variegate at cone 10, breaking between gloss and matte. Above cone10, moves a bit where thick and get small snow crystals in gloss.Glaze name: White LeachCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Firing: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueSource: Central Clay--www.cclay.comRecipe:G-200 feldspar	40.00Flint	30.00Whiting	20.00EPK	10.00Superpax	8.00Tin oxide	2.00Comments:Glaze name: White Mamo MattCone: 9Color: White Semi-OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: matteFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	25.00Kona F-4 feldspar	25.00Dolomite	20.00Whiting	5.00Calcined kaolin	15.00EPK	10.00Comments:Rich dark purple= 0.5% Cobalt. Try Ilmenite 2% &Rutile 2%. Base islovely with body coming through. Over dark clay is beautiful. Thisappears to be the original Mamo White Matt Glaze. Glaze Type: Ca MgAlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VCedGlaze name: white MattCone: 9Color: whiteTesting: Surface: mattFiring: Recipe:Feldspar	41.18Flint	29.41Calcium carbonate	12.94Kaolin	16.47Manganese carbonate	17.65Comments:This is one of Nuburo's Hope this gets you into some more testing....Peggy PEGGY HEER email: p4337@freenet.edmonton.ab.ca 9702 76AVENUE phone: 433-0290 EDMONTON, AB. CANADA T6E 1K3Glaze name: White Opaque GlossyCone: 9 - 10Color: whiteTesting: Surface: GlossyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Ca 4-3-2-1Transparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	40.00Flint	30.00Whiting	20.00EPK	10.00Zircopax	12.00Comments:A good liner. Almost identical to Leach White Opaque, St. John'sWhite, etc.Glaze name: White Pete's Charlie Ian AndersonCone: 9-10Color: ClearTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Frit 3134	7.00Spodumene	15.00Nepheline syenite	10.00Bone ash	11.00Talc	20.00EPK	13.00Silica	24.00Comments:From Pete Pinnell, Clay Times Mar/Apr 2005 p. 21. The phosphorus contributes anumber of qualifies to the glaze. It is a glass-former (like the silica), but thephosphorus and silica don't like to mix together (sort of like oil and water).This means that in the firing, the phosphorus tends to separate out and form acloudy, slightly opalescent milkiness that I find very interesting. It also has astrong tendency to re-oxidize colorants in a glaze, which can result in unusual,vivid colors that have the richness of reduction firing, combined with theintensity of oxidation colors. A side effect of the phosphorus is that the glazenow resists going matte. It will if pushed?that is, if the cooling is slow enough,or if the piece is refired in a bisque kiln to allow enough time for the mattingcrystals to grow. Otherwise, it is a glossy glaze. The next step (after coming upwith the base glaze) was to try out all the common glaze colorants and see whatthey did in this glaze. The results are fascinating, and many are beautiful. I'mcurrently in the process of developing more complex colors involving multipleoxides, and I'll pass those along in a future column.If you've ever mixed a tomato red glaze, you'll notice that it always includes asource of magnesium (such as talc or dolomite) and either natural or syntheticbone ash (a source of phosphorus). Together with iron and the other components,these create iron crystals, and push them into an oxidized state. As I suspectedit would, Pete's CIA produces a bright tomato red with 7 or 8% red iron oxide. Asthe amount of iron increases to 10 or 11%, the glaze becomes quite crystalline,but just a bit more brown. The red can be made brighter by refiring it (after theglaze firing) in a bisque firing, or in any low-fire oxidation firing.2 Manganesedioxide makes a beautiful yellow (really!) in small percentages, becoming a creamyred-amber at higher percentages. Copper carbonate, which normally wants to turn apink or red color in reduction, instead produces light blue-green to emeraldgreen. It works from 1 to 9%. Titanium dioxide or ruffle produce very nicebreaking and mottling, working best at 4 and 5%. The effect shows up best onstoneware, but also works well on porcelain with the addition of a small amount ofanother oxide (iron or copper, for instance) in addition to the titania. Tin oxideproduces white at smaller percent-ages, which begins to break rust on edges (evenon porcelain) as it nears 10%, with very pronounced cream and orange colors pro-duced on stoneware at 10% and 12%. Like the iron colors I mentioned above, it willbecome more orange when refired in a bisque or other low-fire oxidation firing.Frankly, I thought the results from cobalt and chrome were very boring, but thatmight be my taste in colors. Cobalt produced pasty, pastel blues. Chrome was nicein very tiny amounts?0.3% made a nice, very light blue-green, but larger amountsproduced dull greenish browns. Please keep in mind that this is a new glaze, and Idon't have extensive experience with it. I've used it (in several colorvariations) in a half dozen or so firings, and it is very promising, but I haveyet to work out all the bugs of application and firing.Glaze name: White PVCone: 8 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: shiny glossyFiring: Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Plastic vitrox	50.00Colemanite	50.00Zircopax	15.00Comments:a friend of mine used only this glaze in a lamp factory for years andfired to cone 10. bob chance <chance_bob/furman@furman.edu>Glaze name: White Satin Matt OriellyCone: 9 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: SatinFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueSource: Val Cushing  VC ed.  via GlazeBaseRecipe:Custer feldspar	56.00Barium carbonate	2.00Dolomite	8.00Whiting	10.00EPK	6.00Zinc oxide	4.00Petalite	3.00Flint	11.00Zircopax	6.00Comments:This glaze comes from Kansas City. Orielly, there with BarryBartlett, Arnie Zimmerman, is now a studio potter. TDGlaze name: White Satin Matte Margaret'sCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	43.00Gerstley borate	12.00Dolomite	7.00Talc	14.00Kaolin	5.00Flint	19.00Comments:From Margaret Bohls. Smooth consistent white satin matte. Best over white clay.Greyer over darker stoneware. Shows drips and overlaps. Must be dipped.Glaze name: White Satin Matte Margaret's Glaze calc probCone: 9Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: OxidationGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	20.30Talc	19.10Wollastonite	2.60Kaolin - theoretical	12.20Silica	22.90Frit 3134	20.20Comments:From Margaret Bohls. Fired to cone 9 electric. Smooth consistent satin matt white.Best over white clay. Greyer over darker stoneware. Shows drips and overlaps. Mustbe dipped.Glaze name: White Semi-MattCone: 10Color: whiteTesting: Surface: semi-mattFiring: ReductionTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	84.21Whiting	15.79Tin oxide	5.26Comments:originally called for Cornish stone. A very hard glaze on Porcelainso should do well on stoneware Strong oxide response..especiallycobalt. PEGGY HEER email: p4337@freenet.edmonton.ab.ca 9702 76 AVENUEphone: 433-0290 EDMONTON, AB. CANADA T6E 1K3Glaze name: White ShinyCone: 9-10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 feldspar	56.00Flint	21.00Whiting	15.00Kentucky OM #4	8.00Tin oxide	1.10Bentonite	2.20Zircopax	8.79Comments:From Peter Beasecker.Glaze name: White SperryCone: 10Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	71.43Kentucky OM #4	14.29Talc	9.52Colemanite	4.76Comments:Apply thickly. From Richard BurkettGlaze name: White SycamoreCone: 9 - 10Color: whiteTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Whiting	18.20Custer feldspar	50.20EPK	12.60Flint	19.10Zircopax	25.50Comments:This is the Sycamore White glaze from Cermanic's Monthly severalyears ago.  Roger roger s coates <rscoates1@juno.com>Glaze name: White TempleCone: 10Color: whiteTesting: Surface: WaxyFiring: Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	34.31Dolomite	19.31Whiting	2.55EPK	22.25Flint	19.61Bentonite	1.96Comments:Try Temple white, the work horse of all glazes. It doesn't mark at all.It fires semi matt to semi gloss, cone 10 soft to down Marking issomething customers shouldn't have to deal with, especially atstoneware temps. And this glaze DOESN'T craze on my clay body:t-3from Sheffield. I have pie plates I've used for over 10 years withoutone craze. Good luck!~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~ Jennifer in VermontThistle Hill Pottery Montpelier, VT Cobalt1994@AOL.com~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~*~Glaze name: White V.C. MattCone: 9 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: Satin MatteFiring: Ox or RedGlaze type: Ca Mg AlMattTransparency: TranslucentRecipe:Kona F-4 spar	25.00Custer spar	20.00Whiting	9.00Dolomite	10.00Talc	6.00EPK	4.00Calcined kaolin	14.00Flint	12.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Smooth, silky, sensuous very velvety satin matt. High alumina,moderate MgO.  GlazeType: Ca Mg AlMatt. Opacity: Opaque. Firing type: Ox or Red From ValCushing. VC edVariations --For Blue use 1.5% Cobalt Carb and 0 .5% Chrome.Glaze name: White WaxyCone: 6 - 10Color: WhiteTesting: UntestedSurface: fat waxy satin mattFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kingman feldspar	41.00Silica	20.00Talc	15.00Gerstley borate	12.00Dolomite	7.00EPK	5.00Comments:a nice, fat , matte very-white. Due to the magnesium the talc, thisglaze has that peculiar property of turning cobalt purple. Can useCuster instead of Kingman and use 15 gr ( instead of 12 gr) ofGerstley Borate for cone 6 glaze.Glaze name: White Waxy MattCone: 10Color: whiteTesting: UntestedSurface: WaxyFiring: Ox. or Red.Glaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: Semi-opaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	46.59Gerstley borate	15.91Dolomite	7.95Kaolin	5.68Flint	23.86Ultrox	6.82Comments:For turquoise add: 1% cobalt carbonate & 1% Chromium Oxide Yields anice matt turquoise. We typically fire our cone 10's in reductionbecause we don't have an electric kiln that fires that high. Still,these recipies ought to work in oxidation - at least worth a try: LizDodge Berkeley., CA lizzardol@aol.comGlaze name: White YanigaraCone: 10 - 11Color: WhiteTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:G-200 feldspar	39.70Talc	12.90Whiting	16.80Silica	27.70EPK	3.00Bentonite	2.00Comments:Originally KINGMAN feldspar 8000 GMS = 17.78 LBS WHITE SEMI MATT GOODFOR ON GLAZE DECO TOTALLY OPAQUE, June: I got this Rx from CM someyears ago. It was touted to be a good glaxe to paint on. I found itto be a perfect buttery matt stable glaze to cone 10+. That oribeover it is dynamite. Thin it is pink!!, thicker it is green. I shootit off a brush through a screen for a fine speckle and the remove thescreen ( read strainer ) and throw it on\at the pot with a brush. Itis effective for a casual design and fun. I found it best on a whitebody and that westwood granite is terrific. Have a ball. If SMr.Yanigara is lurking out ther, take a bow. Donald Goldosbel in theparadise of spring in the desert of the San Fernanado Valley.pots@pacicnet.netGlaze name: Woo BaseCone: 9 - 10Color: Yellow OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: Stoney MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ba Ca MgRecipe:Kona F-4 Spar	34.00Barium carbonate	25.00Dolomite	12.00EPK	7.00Flint	7.00Zircopax	15.00Comments:Originally from Clarence Merritt to Gene Lewis - was named LewisYellow. From Val Cushing. Yellow: Straw Naples yellowish w/ specking. VC edAU Sp. '92 - tested w/ strontium replacing barium both 1:1 and 0.75:1-- unsatisfactory, not yellow but beigeVariations --Woo Yellow = + Red iron oxide	      3Woo Blue (periwinkle) = + CoCO3 1 + rutile 4Woo White (warm white) = + 4 rutileWoo Purple (maroon speckled) = + Manganese 4Glaze name: Yellow AmberCone: 10Color: AmberTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Custer feldspar	29.00Whiting	20.50EPK	19.00Flint	31.50Rutile	7.00Comments:From Soda Glazing by Ruthann TudballGlaze name: YELLOW Amber MartinCone: 10Color: iron yellow brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer feldspar	33.00Dolomite	11.00Whiting	17.00Zinc oxide	6.00EPK	11.00Silica	22.00Rutile	5.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:^ This glaze runs^ Frank Martin Art Deparment/Ceranics 92nd streetYM-YWHA 1395 Lexington Ave NY, NY. 10128 p0tters2@aol.comGlaze name: YELLOW AMECone: 10Color: iron yellow brownTesting: Surface: Firing: Recipe:Custer feldspar	33.00Dolomite	11.00Whiting	17.00Zinc oxide	6.00EPK	11.00Silica	22.00Rutile	5.00Red iron oxide	2.00Comments:^ This glaze runs^ Frank Martin Art Deparment/Ceranics 92nd streetYM-YWHA 1395 Lexington Ave NY, NY. 10128 p0tters2@aol.comGlaze name: Yellow FergCone: 10Color: Testing: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattRecipe:Potash feldspar	46.30Dolomite	15.00Whiting	9.20Bone ash	7.40Kaolin	22.20Zircopax	7.40Red iron oxide	1.10Rutile	1.10Comments:submitted by: Ruth Ballou e-mail: rballou@mnsinc.comGlaze name: Yellow FergCone: 10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: Satin mattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Potash feldspar	46.30Dolomite	15.00Whiting	9.20Bone ash	7.40Kaolin	22.20Zircopax	7.40Red iron oxide	1.10Rutile	1.10Comments:submitted by: Ruth Ballou e-mail: rballou@mnsinc.comGlaze name: Yellow GWashington LewisCone: 10Color: yellowTesting: Surface: matteFiring: reductionGlaze type: Magnesium mattTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:F-4 feldspar	43.36Strontium carbonate	18.44Dolomite	11.56Talc (milled white)	1.22Kentucky OM #4	11.22Silica	14.20Red iron oxide	2.84Comments:I am not sure what cone your Lewis Yellow is good for, but it is verydifferent from my recipe. Starting with your recipe and removing thePV Clay here is what I come up with. Molecular Formula: 0.201 KNa00.332 Al2O3 2.462 SiO2 0.221 CaO 0.051 Fe2O3 0.005 TiO2 0.216 MgO0.366 SrO louis katz <lkatz@falcon.tamucc.edu>Glaze name: Yellow KormanCone: 9 - 10Color: YellowTesting: UntestedSurface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ba CaTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Kona F-4 spar	40.00Barium carbonate	30.00EPK	8.00Flint	10.00Dolomite	12.00Red iron oxide	6.00Comments:Thin-dry rusty type. Medium-yellowish colors. Thick-smooth warm brownto yellow brown. Greenish overtones. Glaze Type: Ba Ca. Opacity:Opaque. Firing type: Reduction From Val Cushing. VC edGlaze name: Yellow LewisCone: 10Color: yellowTesting: Surface: matteFiring: reductionRecipe:F-4 feldspar	33.86Strontium carbonate	18.38Dolomite	11.75Ball clay	6.98Plastic vitrox	24.18Silica	4.84Red iron oxide	2.90Comments:from George Washington University I went to make up the followingglaze and realized I didn't have one of the ingredients, nor could Ifind a reference for it in several resources I own. Is there anappropriate substitution for the plastic vitrox? Is this a suspendingagent? I would appreciate any help some of you glaze gurus couldgive. Thanks. Barbara barbara lewis <blewis@crosslink.net> WellSpringClayWorks 5412 Well Spring Road La Plata, MD 20646 (301) 932-3915Glaze name: Yellow Lewis RR revCone: 10Color: yellowTesting: Surface: matteFiring: reductionRecipe:F-4 feldspar	34.00Strontium carbonate	18.50Dolomite	12.00Kentucky OM #4	13.00G-200 spar	9.50Silica	13.00Red iron oxide	3.00Comments:I have recalculated this glaze without the plastic vitrox - I usedG200 spar but you can use Custer and It would not make muchdifference. This glazes is short of silica for a cone 10 glaze - by afair bit and it will probably craze on most bodies - It should not beused with toxic materials because they will leach out when in contactwith certain foods - it may also discolour under certain conditions.FORMULA & ANALYSIS ------------------ *CaO........ .23 4.95%*MgO........ .19 2.82% *K2O........ .09 3.08% *Na2O....... .13 2.97%*SrO........ .37 14.38% Fe2O3...... .06 3.57% TIO2....... .01 .17%AL2O3...... .35 13.42% SiO2....... 2.41 54.63% RATIO 6.92 (originalratio was 6.89) EXPAN 616.35 (original was 621.39) WEIGHT 264.71 RonRoy 93 Pegasus trail Scarborough Otario Canada M1G 3N8 Phone:416-439-2621 Fax: 416-438-7849 Web page: Home pagehttp://digitalfire.com/education/people/ronroy.htmGlaze name: Yellow Matt FlowCone: 9-10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Cornwall Stone	53.00Flint	14.00EPK	8.00Whiting	26.00Red iron oxide	3.00Rutile	10.00Comments:Rutile or Ti are needed to make this a matt.Variations --yellow olive + 2% Cumaroon +2% iron chromateGlaze name: Yellow Salt HorieCone: 10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Salt - SodaTransparency: OpaqueRecipe:Nepheline syenite	63.90Dolomite	21.10Kentucky OM #4	4.30Superpax	16.00Bentonite	4.00Red iron oxide	1.00Comments:From Ayumi Horie.Soft, glossy yellow.Variations --For white, omit RIO.Glaze name: Yellow School BusCone: 10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Ox. or Red.Transparency: OpaqueRecipe:NC-4 feldspar	18.00Custer feldspar	21.00Dolomite	6.00Whiting	9.00Strontium carbonate	12.00Ball clay	10.00Flint	16.00Zircopax	8.00Comments:+ Cerdec yellow inclusion stain 10 and Cerdec orange inclusion stain 2. From AlumiHorie.Glaze name: Yellow WinokurCone: 10Color: Testing: UntestedSurface: mattFiring: reductionRecipe:Potash feldspar	53.23Dolomite	19.39EPK	22.91Whiting	4.48Zircopax	16.92Tin oxide	3.49Red iron oxide	1.30Comments:This one fires a toasty brown where thin and a fat yellow-white wherethicker. No spotting, but the tones are very similar to the KenFerguson casserole in CM. A good 'un. submitted by: Richard Gralnike-mail: rlg@patuxent.desktalk.com source for original recipe: ElCamino CollegeGlaze name: Yellow WooCone: 9 - 10Color: Yellow OpaqueTesting: UntestedSurface: Stoney MattFiring: ReductionGlaze type: Ba Ca MgRecipe:Kona F-4 spar	34.00Barium carbonate	25.00Dolomite	12.00EPK	7.00Flint	7.00Zircopax	15.00Red iron oxide	3.00Comments:Originally from Clarence Merritt to Gene Lewis - was named LewisYellow. From Val Cushing. Straw Naples yellowish w/ specking. VC edAU Sp. '92 - tested w/ strontium replacing varium both 1:1 and 0.75:1-- unsatisfactory, not yellow but beigeGlaze name: Yellow Woo #2Cone: 9 - 10Color: yellowTesting: Surface: matteFiring: Recipe:Custer feldspar	42.78Barium carbonate	32.49Dolomite	15.32EPK	9.41Tin oxide	9.41Red iron oxide	3.28Comments:use Red Iron Oxide 3-4% This version of the recipe dates back to theearly 1970's, possibly even the late 1960's. Cheers, Harvey Sadowcyberscape@earthlink.netGlaze name: ZelloCone: 10Color: YellowTesting: Surface: GlossFiring: Salt - SodaGlaze type: High-fireTransparency: TransparentRecipe:Nepheline syenite	20.00Lithium carbonate	10.00Whiting	17.10EPK	10.00Frit P-25	42.90Zircopax	5.70Comments:From Mark Burleson's "Ceramic Glaze Handbook"

 

 

 

 
     
 

CORI SANDLER                       FUNCTIONAL POTTERY                 Comox Valley, Vancouver Island,BC CANADA
 
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